Working Papers

  • 19-October-2011


    Wage Implications of Trade Liberalisation: Evidence for Effective Policy Formation

    Imports tend to bring wages up for skilled workers rather than push wages down, according to this study of the relationship between wages and trade in 55 countries and 40 industries. This positive effect is evidence of the increased productivity of firms who import inputs.

    Related Documents
  • 12-October-2011


    To What Extent Do Exchange Rates and their Volatility Affect Trade?

    Exchange rate levels affect trade flows in agriculture and in the manufacturing and mining sector in China, the Euro area and the United States, though they do not explain in their entirety the trade imbalances in these three economies, this paper finds.

  • 6-October-2011


    Comparative Advantage and Trade Performance: Policy Implications

    Physical and human capital (especially second- and third-level education), financial development and some aspects of labour market institutions are important policy and institutional areas that determine comparative advantage today, according to this paper.

  • 12-September-2011


    Trade Facilitation Indicators: The Impact on Trade Costs

    Advance rulings, formalities and procedures, information availability and inter-agency cooperation are the policy areas with the greatest impact on trade volumes and trade costs, according to OECD trade facilitation indicators studied in this report.

  • 29-August-2011


    The Trade Effects of Phasing Out Fossil-Fuel Consumption Subsidies

    A co-ordinated multilateral removal of fossil-fuel consumption subsidies over the 2013-2020 period would increase global trade volumes by 0.1% by 2020, according to this report.

  • 11-August-2011


    Trade in Tasks

    Trade in tasks represents the latest turn in a virtuous cycle of deepening specialisation of labour, expansion of the market and productivity growth. This paper analyses the task content of goods and services and sheds light on structural changes that take place following trade liberalisation.

  • 8-August-2011


    Trade-Related Measures Based on Processes and Production Methods in the Context of Climate-Change Mitigation

    How is international trade affected by climate change mitigation measures relating to non-product-related processes and production methods (PPMs)? This study looks at PPM measures adopted in the United States, the European Union, Canada and other countries.

  • 5-July-2011


    Estimating the Constraints to Trade of Developing Countries

    Tariffs, government policies and availability of credit and electricity are among the factors that restrict the trade expansion of developing countries. This report identifies and quantifies these constraints, and includes case studies of Azerbaijan and Uganda.

  • 28-June-2011


    Trade in Information and Communications Technology and its Contribution to Trade and Innovation

    Trade liberalisation in the information and communications technology (ICT) sector, a major contributor to innovation and productivity growth, can help foster competition and reduce prices for consumers, according to this study.

  • 27-June-2011


    Intra-Firm Trade: Patterns, Determinants and Policy Implications

    Offshoring by OECD-based multinationals is mainly carried out in other OECD economies and often in high-cost countries, for high-value, knowledge-intensive activities. Developing economies must try to attract these types of activities and not be confined to low-value activities.

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