Working Papers


  • 8-April-2013

    English

    State-Owned Enterprises: Trade Effects and Policy Implications

    With a growing integration via trade and investment, state-owned enterprises (SOEs) that have traditionally been oriented towards domestic markets increasingly compete with private firms in the global market place. This paper presents a conceptual discussion of how potential SOE advantages can generate cross-border effects.

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  • 28-March-2013

    English

    Export Restrictions: Benefits of Transparency and Good Practices

    Transparent trade legislation, policies and practices benefit governments and business alike by reducing uncertainty and transaction costs, simplifying procedures and encouraging investment. This paper studies the information published online by 33 countries on their export restriction policies in the minerals sector, and presents a checklist of best practices for addressing gaps in the availability and accessibility of information.

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  • 7-March-2013

    English

    Mineral Resource Trade in Chile: Contribution to Development and Policy Implications

    Instead of resorting to trade measures such as export restrictions, Chile manages its minerals sector through a combination of balanced taxation, stable investment measures, good management of tax revenue, exchange rate policy and initiatives aimed at producing a multiplier effect of economy-wide development, according to this study.

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  • 4-March-2013

    English

    Trade Facilitation Indicators: The Potential Impact of Trade Facilitation on Developing Countries' Trade

    Drawing on OECD trade facilitation indicators, this paper finds that the combined effect of comprehensive trade facilitation reform would reach almost 14.5% reduction of total trade costs for low income countries, 15.5% for lower middle income countries and 13.2% for upper middle income countries.

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  • 1-March-2013

    English

    Mineral Resource Trade in Chile: Contribution to Development and Policy Implications

    The paper explores the Chilean experience in regulating its mining sector and how it can be used as a model for other mineral rich economies.

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  • 22-February-2013

    English

    The declining competitiveness of French firms reflects a generalised supply-side problem

    This short paper analyses the decline of France’s trade balance over the past 15 years. While the loss in export market shares is comparable to that of the major OECD countries except Germany, it is one of the largest among the countries of the euro area.

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  • 11-February-2013

    English

    Trade and Labour Market Adjustment

    Occupation-level analysis of short-term labour market impacts from trade can provide policy makers with better insights than industry-level studies, says this paper using a unique dataset based on harmonised labour force surveys from Canada, Israel, United Kingdom, United States, Brazil and South Africa. For instance, occupation-level data shows that imports can be associated with higher wages and a lower probability of unemployment.

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  • 6-February-2013

    English

    Estimating the Constraints to Agricultural Trade of Developing Countries

    Agricultural trade can be a powerful engine for economic growth, poverty reduction, and development. However, efforts by developing countries to expand their agricultural trade are often hampered by domestic supply-side constraints such as lack of trade-related infrastructure. This report looks at some of the most important of these constraints, and features case studies from Indonesia, Zambia and Mozambique.

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  • 11-December-2012

    English

    Regulatory Transparency in Multilateral Agreements Controlling Exports of Tropical Timber, E-Waste and Conflict Diamonds

    This paper examines how three multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) incorporate transparency into their regulatory regimes: CITES (endangered species, especially tropical timber), the Basel Convention (hazardous e-waste), and the Kimberley Process (conflict diamonds)

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  • 27-November-2012

    English

    World Wheat Price Volatility: Selected Scenario Analyses

    This study provides quantitative assessments of the impact of two structural changes that a number of market observers have identified as contributing to world wheat market price volatility. The factors examined relate to changes in demand in the large emerging countries of the BRICs (comprising Brazil, the Russian Federation, India and China).

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