Working Papers


  • 2-November-2009

    English, , 739kb

    Clarifying Trade Costs: Maritime Transport and its Effect on Agricultural Trade

    Maritime transport costs have a significant impact on the trade in agricultural goods, representing on average 10% of the imported value of agricultural products. A doubling of shipping costs is linked to an average drop of 42% in agricultural trade, says this paper.

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  • 1-November-2009

    English, , 704kb

    A Cost-Benefit Framework for the Assessment of Non-Tariff Measures in Agro-Food Trade

    This report develops a conceptual framework for the assessment of costs and benefits associated with non-tariff measures in agro-food trade that allows an evidence-based comparative assessment of alternative regulatory approaches.

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  • 9-October-2009

    English, , 739kb

    Clarifying Trade Costs: Maritime Transport and its Effect on Agricultural Trade

    Maritime transport costs have a significant impact on the trade in agricultural goods. Maritime transport costs represent a high proportion of the imported value of agricultural products -- 10% on average, which is a similar level of magnitude as agricultural tariffs.

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  • 24-August-2009

    English, , 536kb

    The trade and trade policy implications of different policy responses to societal concerns

    Societal concerns relating to agriculture play an important role in the development of national policies, with implications for trade and international relations. This study looks at how these concerns are addressed both at national level and in the context of WTO provisions.

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  • 21-August-2009

    English, , 2,045kb

    Economic Impacts of the Phase-Out in 2005 of Quantitative Restrictions Under The Agreement on Textiles and Clothing

    This paper discusses the economic impacts of the phase-out of the Multi-Fibre Arrangement (MFA), which was provided for under the 1994 Agreement on Textiles and Clothing (ATC).

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  • 21-August-2009

    English, , 1,979kb

    South Africa's Trade and Growth

    This paper examines key trade and trade related issues facing South Africa and describes South Africa’s re-entry into the global trade architecture and its economic growth in the context of its trade performance.

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  • 21-August-2009

    English, , 732kb

    India’s Trade Integration, Realising the Potential

    This study examines economic implications of India’s trade and trade policy reforms during the period from 1990 to 2007. It first describes India’s economic growth and the composition and performance of its trade at the product and broad sector level.

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  • 28-July-2009

    English, , 591kb

    Vertical Trade, Trade Costs and FDI

    Firms find advantages in sourcing inputs from abroad and in fragmenting their production process. This report describes and illustrates new firm strategies of vertical specialisation and explores the trade policy implications of new patterns of trade and investment.

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  • 1-July-2009

    English, , 1,051kb

    Development Dimensions of High Food Prices

    Many developing countries took measures in the face of high international agricultural commodity prices from 2006 to 2008, while an international response focused on emergency relief and renewed investment in agricultural development. This paper examines these two approaches.

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  • 15-May-2009

    English, , 268kb

    Environment and Regional Trade Agreements: Developments in 2008

    A second update on developments in the field of regional tradeagreements and environment covering the period late 2007 to December 2008. It complements the 2007 publication “Environment and Regional Trade Agreements”, and the first update presented to the JWPTE in December 2007

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