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Metals and minerals such as copper, titanium and rare earths are used to produce high-tech and energy-efficient goods such as hybrid vehicles, computers and aircraft. This paper looks at the impacts of export restrictions often put on these raw materials.
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The Millennium Declaration set 2015 as the target date for halving the number of people living in extreme poverty. This paper examines the role of the agricultural sector and looks at 25 developing countries who have posted extraordinary success in reducing extreme poverty.
This paper shows that the most common objectives of aid for trade projects have a strong economic underpinning and sets forth strategies to identify the most binding constraints to trade expansion.
English, , 739kb
Maritime transport costs have a significant impact on the trade in agricultural goods, representing on average 10% of the imported value of agricultural products. A doubling of shipping costs is linked to an average drop of 42% in agricultural trade, says this paper.
English, , 704kb
This report develops a conceptual framework for the assessment of costs and benefits associated with non-tariff measures in agro-food trade that allows an evidence-based comparative assessment of alternative regulatory approaches.
English, , 739kb
Maritime transport costs have a significant impact on the trade in agricultural goods. Maritime transport costs represent a high proportion of the imported value of agricultural products -- 10% on average, which is a similar level of magnitude as agricultural tariffs.
English, , 536kb
Societal concerns relating to agriculture play an important role in the development of national policies, with implications for trade and international relations. This study looks at how these concerns are addressed both at national level and in the context of WTO provisions.
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This paper discusses the economic impacts of the phase-out of the Multi-Fibre Arrangement (MFA), which was provided for under the 1994 Agreement on Textiles and Clothing (ATC).
English, , 1,979kb
This paper examines key trade and trade related issues facing South Africa and describes South Africa’s re-entry into the global trade architecture and its economic growth in the context of its trade performance.
English, , 732kb
This study examines economic implications of India’s trade and trade policy reforms during the period from 1990 to 2007. It first describes India’s economic growth and the composition and performance of its trade at the product and broad sector level.