The G20 needs to go structural, social, and green! With fiscal and monetary policy room nearly exhausted, structural reforms are the best choices, sometimes the only choice. The OECD battle cry in this regard has been unchanged since 2008: “go structural!”.
ITC, OECD, UNCTAD, UNECE on behalf of the UN Regional Commissions of ECE, ECLAC, ESCAP and ESCWA, WBG and WCO reaffirm their support in a comprehensive and coordinated manner to such economies in implementing the TFA - in close collaboration with the WTO and the donor community.
Trade policies need to be embodied in effective structural policies to turn potential opportunities into real gains. This is why the OECD so strongly supports the Australian G20 Presidency efforts to better reflect trade and investment as essential elements of a strong, balanced and sustainable framework for growth, jobs, and development, said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría.
A good produced in the European Union and exported to the United States may include raw materials from China, Australia, and Malaysia, and it may use services from Japan, Canada, and India. Goods and services are no longer produced in one country and sold to consumers in a second country; production is fragmented around the world and components are traded across borders multiple times.
Mr Gurría said the trade facilitation agreement at the core of the new package would cut red tape and speed border crossings worldwide, offering an important boost to world trade and the global economy. "As OECD work has highlighted, the benefits of lowering costs for traders are significant, and are particularly welcome today, given the slow growth seen in so many countries," Mr Gurría said.
As the OECD's latest global economic forecast has confirmed, world trade is now growing at an extremely low rate. This brings into stark focus the need for trade negotiators at the WTO to cut a deal to bring a much-needed boost to world trade and the global economy.
Trade and investment are a key source of growth and an area where the G20 can be credited with important achievements, such as the standstill and the rejection of protectionism. Further trade liberalisation can be a powerful, timely, non-debt stimulus to the world economy, said OECD Secretary-General.
We have come a long way since 2005, when we launched the Aid for Trade initiative in Hong Kong at the 6th WTO Ministerial Conference. Each successive global review has deepened our analysis and broadened our understanding of the dynamics of aid, trade, development and their interaction. In parallel, more and more partner countries and donors have come on board as the tangible results of our efforts become apparent.
To better integrate their economies into Global Value Chains, governments need a fine-tuned understanding of their dynamics and policies, and we have made considerable progress on this front. For example, we have learned that success in international markets depends as much on the capacity to import high-quality inputs as on the capacity to export: intermediate inputs account for over 2/3 of the goods and 70% of the services we trade.
Globalisation is largely about participation in global value chains. But making the most of globalisation and successfully integrating these value-chains requires that enterprises enhance their competitiveness and raise their productivity, said Angel Gurría