As part of the OECD accession process, Chile, Estonia, Israel and Slovenia participated in Reviews of Market Openness with the OECD Trade Committee. These country reviews examine to what extent domestic regulations directly or indirectly distort or facilitate international competition.
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An analysis of Estonia’s trade policy-related institutions and regulations and their influence on market openness, covering transparency, non-discrimination, trade restrictiveness, harmonisation towards international standards, conformity assessment procedures and intellectual property rights.
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Over the last two decades, Israel has opened its economy to international trade and investment by lowering tariffs and improving the domestic regulatory environment for business. This review describes progress on regulatory reform in Israel, which suggests these overall trends will continue.
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This review highlights Chile’s well developed regulatory framework for trade, including recent regulatory reforms considered here in light of market openness principles. It shows that transparency is well supported in Chile’s regulatory system.
Over the coming decade, higher food prices and volatility in commodity markets are here to stay. This raises concerns for economic stability and food security in some developing countries, with poor consumers most at risk of malnutrition, said OECD Secretary-General.
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Report to the G20, coordinated by the FAO and the OECD and undertaken in a collaborative manner by FAO, IFAD, IMF, OECD, UNCTAD,WFP, the World Bank, the WTO, IFPRI and the UN HLTF.
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Challenges with respect to trade and jobs – and the interface between the two issue areas – remain near the top of policy agendas for OECD members and partner countries around the world. Globalisation has been a critical force driving increased economic integration and structural change, resulting in greater employment opportunities and welfare, but also creating adjustment difficulties including in the labour market. Through its deep
Trade in processed agricultural products, such as chocolates, steaks or wines, has increased between emerging economies, as have exports from emerging to high-income countries. However, trade in these products is still dominated by high-income countries.
How will emerging economies influence global trade and investment? Journalist Narayan Lakshman (The Hindu, India) moderates this OECD Forum 2011 session featuring EU Trade Commissioner Karel De Gucht, UK trade minister Lord Green, and others.
The deployment of greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation technologies depends on international trade in services such as business, telecommunications and construction and related engineering, typically through cross-border Internet trade and temporary movement of personnel.