Trade

Measuring Trade in Value Added: An OECD-WTO joint initiative

 

Introduction to Trade in Value Added (TiVA)

The goods and services we buy are composed of inputs from various countries around the world. However, the flows of goods and services within these global production chains are not always reflected in conventional measures of international trade.

The joint OECD – WTO Trade in Value-Added (TiVA) initiative addresses this issue by considering the value added by each country in the production of goods and services that are consumed worldwide. TiVA indicators are designed to better inform policy makers by providing new insights into the commercial relations between nations.

Learn more about Trade in Value Added

 

 

 

TiVA updates

 

Database access and content

The second release of the OECD-WTO TiVA database (May 2013) presents indicators for 57 economies (including all OECD countries, Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Russian Federation and South Africa) covering the years 1995, 2000, 2005, 2008 and 2009 and broken down by 18 industries.

Access the OECD-WTO TiVA indicators through OECD.stat or

Access the indicators through WTO's portal

 

 

TiVA indicators


More information


Indicators include: 

  • Decomposition of gross exports by industry into their domestic and foreign content
     
  • The services content of gross exports by exporting industry (broken down by foreign/domestic origin)
     
  • Bilateral trade balances based on flows of value added embodied in domestic final demand
     
  • Intermediate imports embodied in exports

Indicators of trade in value added are derived from the OECD Input-Output Tables, which were integrated into a global system using additional information on Bilateral Trade in goods by Industry and End-use (BTDIxE), International Trade in Services (TIS) and STAN industry databases.

Development of these TiVA indicators has greatly benefitted from other related work such as that carried out by the European Commission’s FP7 WIOD project and by researchers at  US ITC and IDE JETRO, Japan.

About the May 2013 TiVA statistics



What can the TiVA database tell us?



Trade policy implications



Statistical quality of TiVA indicators



OECD-WTO concept note



Frequently asked questions (FAQ)

 

Country notes

Access our guide to the country notes (pdf)

 

 

OECD member countries


Australia
 

Austria Belgium Canada Chile

Czech
Republic

Denmark Estonia Finland France

Germany

 

Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland

Israel

 

Italy

Japan

日本語

Korea Luxembourg

Mexico

 

Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland

Portugal

 

Slovak
Republic
Slovenia Spain Sweden
Switzerland Turkey United
Kingdom
United
States
  European Union 


Non-member economies


Brazil

 

China India  Indonesia Russian
Federation
 

South Africa   
 
       

 

Global value chains and going beyond trade in value added

Taking into account the origin of value added is only the beginning of the OECD's work in this area. A new book, Interconnected Economies: Benefiting from Global Value Chains was presented at the OECD Forum end May 2013, covering trade policy, investment policies and other domestic policies aimed at drawing the benefits from engagement in global value chains. Much of the evidence that feeds into this work draws on the underlying Statistical Information System (global input-output database) developed to produce the TIVA database, where further indicators can be expected in a number of areas in the coming years.

Two important areas in this respect concern 'trade in jobs and skills', where indicators will begin to be rolled out for some countries later this year and over the longer term; and how income (profits) generated from trade flows, in particular how income generated via knowledge based assets, is further distributed between affiliate companies will also be explored. The Statistical Information System also lends itself to the calculation of indicators in a number of other areas such as carbon footprints, where the OECD will look to update its earlier results, notably as part of the OECD Green Growth Indicators.

 

 

Contact

For any queries about the TiVA database, please write to tiva.contact@oecd.org

» Short addresses for this page: www.oecd.org/trade/valueadded or oe.cd/tiva

 

 

 

Countries list

  • Afghanistan
  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • Andorra
  • Angola
  • Anguilla
  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Argentina
  • Armenia
  • Aruba
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahamas
  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Barbados
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Belize
  • Benin
  • Bermuda
  • Bhutan
  • Bolivia
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Cape Verde
  • Cayman Islands
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • Chile
  • China (People’s Republic of)
  • Chinese Taipei
  • Colombia
  • Comoros
  • Congo
  • Cook Islands
  • Costa Rica
  • Croatia
  • Cuba
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Côte d'Ivoire
  • Democratic People's Republic of Korea
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Denmark
  • Djibouti
  • Dominica
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Eritrea
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • European Union
  • Faeroe Islands
  • Fiji
  • Finland
  • Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM)
  • France
  • French Guiana
  • Gabon
  • Gambia
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Gibraltar
  • Greece
  • Greenland
  • Grenada
  • Guatemala
  • Guernsey
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Guyana
  • Haiti
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong, China
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iraq
  • Ireland
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
  • Isle of Man
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Jamaica
  • Japan
  • Jersey
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kenya
  • Kiribati
  • Korea
  • Kuwait
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Lao People's Democratic Republic
  • Latvia
  • Lebanon
  • Lesotho
  • Liberia
  • Libya
  • Liechtenstein
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Macao (China)
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Maldives
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Marshall Islands
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Mayotte
  • Mexico
  • Micronesia (Federated States of)
  • Moldova
  • Monaco
  • Mongolia
  • Montenegro
  • Montserrat
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nauru
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • Netherlands Antilles
  • New Zealand
  • Nicaragua
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • Niue
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Palau
  • Palestinian Administered Areas
  • Panama
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Puerto Rico
  • Qatar
  • Romania
  • Russian Federation
  • Rwanda
  • Saint Helena
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Saint Lucia
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Samoa
  • San Marino
  • Sao Tome and Principe
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Serbia and Montenegro (pre-June 2006)
  • Seychelles
  • Sierra Leone
  • Singapore
  • Slovak Republic
  • Slovenia
  • Solomon Islands
  • Somalia
  • South Africa
  • South Sudan
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sudan
  • Suriname
  • Swaziland
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Tajikistan
  • Tanzania
  • Thailand
  • Timor-Leste
  • Togo
  • Tokelau
  • Tonga
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Turkmenistan
  • Turks and Caicos Islands
  • Tuvalu
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • United States Virgin Islands
  • Uruguay
  • Uzbekistan
  • Vanuatu
  • Venezuela
  • Vietnam
  • Virgin Islands (UK)
  • Wallis and Futuna Islands
  • Western Sahara
  • Yemen
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe