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Metals and minerals such as copper, titanium and rare earths are used to produce high-tech and energy-efficient goods such as hybrid vehicles, computers and aircraft. This paper looks at the impacts of export restrictions often put on these raw materials.
English, , 739kb
Maritime transport costs have a significant impact on the trade in agricultural goods, representing on average 10% of the imported value of agricultural products. A doubling of shipping costs is linked to an average drop of 42% in agricultural trade, says this paper.
English, , 795kb
This study examines the extent and nature of informal cross-border trade in selected Sub-Saharan African countries and identifies which trade facilitation measures have the potential to encourage traders to switch from informal to formal trade.
Six studies that examine how border bottlenecks affect trade and investment flows, how these bottlenecks might be reduced, and whether the expense involved is worth it.
English, , 777kb
This paper analyses China’s trade policy environment following China's entry into the WTO. It examines China's role in international processing activities and the impact of China’s integration into world’s goods and services markets on selected OECD countries using a general equilibrium mode
English, , 1,003kb
This study analyses the People’s Republic of China’s trade policy environment with a focus on trade-related regulations and their role in supporting China’s market openness.
Recent research at OECD provides new evidence that customs and administrative procedures have substantial effects on trade flows.
This paper analyses the relation between time for exports and imports, logistics services and international trade.
The objective of this study is to offer reflections on how special and differential treatment for trade facilitation may be shaped by the cost implications of measures included in the future agreement.