This book analyses key elements of the trade performance of the BRIICS in relation to the rest of the world, focusing on trade and other policies influencing that performance. Developments in global trade policy are reviewed, notably the impact of preferential trade agreements on the multilateral system and patterns of world trade are described using both indices that reveal networks of trading relations and more standard modeling results.
As well as the global analysis, the book also presents a separate chapter for each of the BRIICS, examining the key development and trade issues in each of the six countries over the past few years.
Resisting protectionism and reviving stalled trade reforms would help the major emerging economies build on the progress achieved over the past two decades and emerge from the crisis with their trade performance strengthened, says a new OECD report.
As the global economic slowdown threatens to increase food insecurity among the world’s poor, a new OECD report calls on the major emerging economies to ensure their agricultural policies are focussed on long-term sustainability rather than short-term fixes..
OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has warned of a “crisis of globalisation” if governments succumb to protectionist pressures. Speaking to the International Chamber of Commerce in Paris, he said emergency stimulus measures taken by governments during the crisis needed to be carefully conceived and monitored to preserve the long-term strength of the economy.
OECD is preparing a two-pillar action plan for governments, as part of a global response to the world financial crisis, calling for tighter regulation and oversight of financial markets and improved national policies to promote economic growth.
Donors should honour their aid for trade pledges to developing countries despite the economic crisis, said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría as he opened the OECD Policy Dialogue on Aid for Trade, held in Paris on 3 November 2008.
According to the OECD Secretary-General, the current international food crisis is a global challenge and agricultural commodity prices should remain high and grow more volatile in the next decade.
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Adapting to change is vital for success in the modern global economy, for individuals, companies, industries and regions. New technologies breed new industries, and freer trade leads to new markets as well as global competition. “Structural adjustment” or adaptation to structural change is necessary for economies to reap the benefits of new technologies and emerging market opportunities. But such structural change can create losers as
OECD Member Countries have agreed to adopt a set of principles and guidelines designed to ensure that loans supported by their Export Credit Agencies (ECAs) are in line with sustainable development objectives.