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  • 24-October-2018

    English

    Review of International Regulatory Co-operation of Mexico

    International regulatory co-operation (IRC) represents an important opportunity for countries, and in particular domestic regulators, to consider the impacts of their regulations beyond their borders, expand the evidence for decision-making, learn from the experience of their peers, and develop concerted approaches to challenges that transcend borders. This report provides the first OECD assessment of a country’s IRC framework and practices. Mexico’s active efforts to embrace globalisation are reflected in many aspects of its domestic policies, practices and institutions. On one hand, it has undertaken unilateral efforts to embed international considerations in its domestic rule-making through regulatory improvement disciplines and with the consideration of international standards in the drafting of technical regulations. On the other hand, the Mexican government and individual regulators also engage extensively in co-operative efforts on regulatory matters, at the bilateral, regional and multilateral level. Based on the overview of Mexico’s practices and comparison with other OECD countries, the review recommends three areas for improvement: designing a horizontal government-wide strategy for IRC, enhancing information about the tools and benefits of IRC, and offering the necessary tools to support systematic implementation of IRC.
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  • 23-October-2018

    English

    Australian Services Trade in the Global Economy

    This book presents an in depth analysis of the contribution of services to the Australian economy, the regulatory environment of the services sector and its performance in an international context. The analysis highlights the importance of co-ordinated domestic policy action, priorities for promoting behind-the-border regulatory reforms in strategic international markets, and the benefits of an ambitious bilateral, plurilateral and multilateral trade policy agenda that contributes to rules-based certainty and predictability in services trade globally.
  • 18-October-2018

    English

    The Economic Effects of Public Stockholding Policies for Rice in Asia

    This report examines how public stockholding policies related to rice in Asia can influence domestic and international markets. Following a review of the working of rice public stockholding programmes in eight Asian countries (Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, the Philippines and Thailand), the report examines the impacts of these programmes over the medium term (2018-2030) and analyses how these impacts would change should the selected countries collectively set their public stocks to either a low or high level. Results show that the strongest impacts would occur during the three-year transition period when countries adjust their public stocks to the new levels, but that there would also be structural impacts over the medium term, although at a lower intensity, on procurement, domestic and international prices, availability, private stock levels, and public expenditure. In the event of a global production shock, the model projects that the immediate impact on prices and availability would be less severe under the high public stock scenario, but that recovery would be faster and public expenditure lower when countries hold smaller public stocks.
  • 10-October-2018

    English

    How Global Trade Can Promote Growth for All

    I am delighted to join you in Bali for today’s high-level event on How Global Trade Can Promote Growth for All. I would like to thank our co-hosts – the WTO, IMF, and World Bank, as well as the Australian Government – for their support and commitment to addressing this important issue.

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  • 9-October-2018

    English

    Strengthening Governance and Reducing Corruption Risks to Tackle Illegal Wildlife Trade - Lessons from East and Southern Africa

    In countries affected by the illegal wildlife trade, corruption is a key enabler and facilitator. Failure to address this corruption, and the institutional and governance gaps that allow it to take place, make tackling the illegal wildlife trade a significant challenge. This report provides a structured analysis of how corruption facilitates wildlife crime based on research in four source and transit countries in East and Southern Africa. It offers a series of specific recommendations targeted at national governments, donors, and intergovernmental organisations to address the issues of corruption and the illegal wildlife trade.
  • 8-October-2018

    English, PDF, 1,929kb

    Trade Policy and the Global Economy: Reducing Tariffs

    This policy brief describes an illustrative scenario that highlights the expected gains from trade liberalisation and the accompanying adjustment process. Results are presented in terms of estimated changes in economic output, trade (including at the sector level), incomes, and jobs. Finally, overall policy considerations are summarised.

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  • 8-October-2018

    English, PDF, 6,814kb

    Trade Policy and the Global Economy: Increasing tariffs

    This brief describes an illustrative scenario of increased tariffs. Results are presented for G20 economies in terms of estimated changes in economic output, trade (including at the sector level), incomes and jobs. Finally, overall policy considerations are summarised.

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  • 1-October-2018

    English

    OECD Secretary-General Gurría welcomes announcement of new trade agreement between the US, Mexico and Canada

    OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has welcomed the announcement of a new, modernised United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement.

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  • 15-September-2018

    English

    The Mediterranean Middle East and North Africa 2018 - Interim Assessment of Key SME Reforms

    This report provides an in-depth analysis of major reforms undertaken between 2014 and 2018 to promote micro, small and medium-sized enterprise development in Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, the Palestinian Authority and Tunisia. The report focuses on five strategic areas for SME policy making: SME definitions, statistics and institutions; improving business environments for SMEs and entrepreneurs; fostering access to finance; nurturing start-ups and SME growth; and the development of entrepreneurial human capital.The report aims to showcase good practices and to point to areas where more efforts are needed. It provides valuable guidance for governments, private sector organisations, multilateral bodies and other stakeholders to intensify their efforts to support SMEs as essential vehicles for jobs and competitiveness. This is particularly relevant in a region striving to boost economic diversification, employment creation and the inclusion of youth and women in the economy.The report is the result of a process of close collaboration among governments, the OECD, the European Training Foundation and the European Commission.
  • 13-September-2018

    English

    Environment and Regional Trade Agreements

    The OECD is investigating the trends of environmental provisions in Regional Trade Agreements (RTAs) and their effects on the environment since 2005. Recent work focuses on how governments actually implement these environmental commitments and whether they have had an impact on environmental endpoints and on how to incorporate environmental objectives across these agreements for better policy coherence.

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