Executive Summary (pdf) | Table of Contents | How to obtain this publication | Related materials
15 Nov 2010
Many countries will likely face the need to increase tax revenues, as part of fiscal consolidation, during the next few years. But how is this best done? And what are the considerations when choosing between raising tax rates and broadening the tax base by scaling back or abolishing targeted tax provisions (such as allowances, exemptions and preferential rates)? This report aims to answer such questions by taking a close look at the economic and political factors that influence governments' tax decisions.
Although many countries have broadened their tax bases over the past 30 years, targeted tax provisions, notably tax expenditures, continue to be significant. Like public expenditure, targeted tax reliefs mean that (other) tax rates need to be higher in order to finance these reliefs. This report therefore discusses whether such tax provisions continue to be worthwhile. It includes an annex covering country-specific revenue forgone estimates of tax expenditures for selected OECD countries.
This report also identifies political factors, including the lobbying of influential interest groups, as the main obstacles to base-broadening reforms, and it considers how reforms can be best packaged and presented to overcome such obstacles.
Table of contents
Chapter 1. Broad Base – Low Rate Approach: Scope and
Chapter 2. Where is there Scope for Base-broadening
Chapter 3. Evaluating Tax Provisions: Some
Chapter 4. Base-Broadening and Targeted Tax Provisions: Political and Distributional
Annex A. Revenue Forgone Estimates of Main Tax Expenditures in OECD
How to obtain this publication
Readers can access the full version of Choosing a Broad Base – Low Rate Approach to Taxation choosing from the following options:
- OECD (2010), Tax Policy Reform and Fiscal Consolidation, Tax Policy Brief, December 2010.
- OECD (2010), Tax Policy Reform and Economic Growth, OECD Tax Policy Studies, No. 20, OECD Publishing.
- OECD (2010), Tax, Innovation and the Environment, OECD Publishing.
- OECD (2010), Tax Expenditures in OECD Countries, OECD Publishing.