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This paper analyses trends and driving forces in the revenue composition of sub-central government (SCG). Between 1995 and 2005 the share of SCG in total government spending increased significantly from 31 to 33 percent while the SCG tax share remained stable at around 17 percent, increasing SCG’s dependence on intergovernmental grants. While equal access to public services is the most common justification for such grants, the grant
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This pilot study presents indicators that assess sub-central government (SCG) spending power by policy area. Traditional indicators – such as the share of SCG in total government spending – are often misleading as they underestimate the impact of central government regulation on sub-central spending patterns. In order to gauge true spending power, a set of institutional indicators is established, based on a detailed assessment of
On 19 September 2008, the OECD Committee on Fiscal Affairs released for comment a discussion draft on the Transfer Pricing Aspects of Business Restructurings<
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This report examines the use of indicator systems for measuring and monitoring the delivery of sub-central public services. Specifically, the report aims to assess if and how central governments use such systems, the critical choices they face when designing and implementing them, and the constraints under which the systems operate. Particular attention is given to the rationale for using indicators in the context of intergovernmental
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This paper compares and analyses the use of market mechanisms in core sub central policy areas, namely education, health care, transport, social protection, and environment. Arrangements like tendering, outsourcing, user choice and competition, user fees and performance-related funding can help to improve quality of service provision or lower its cost. With around 32% of total public expenditure and often wide-ranging spending powers,
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As part of its monitoring of the implementation of the 1995 Transfer Pricing Guidelines, Working Party No. 6 of the OECD Committee on Fiscal Affairs is examining the application of transactional profit methods.<
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Fiscal equalisation is a transfer of resources across jurisdictions to offset disparities in revenue raising capacity or public service cost. It covers 2.5 percent of GDP or 5 percent of total government expenditure across OECD countries. Equalisation reduces fiscal disparities by two third on average and in some countries levels them virtually out. Strong equalisation comes at a price: on average, around 70 percent of a
The OECD Committee on Fiscal Affairs has today published a revised public discussion draft of Part IV (Insurance) of its Report on the Attribution of Profits to Permanent Establishments. The revised draft replaces the original draft of Part IV released in June 2005.
The study into the role of tax intermediaries, set up by the Forum on Tax Administration (FTA) under the Seoul Declaration (and see also the terms of reference ), has made three additional draft working papers available.
On 10 May 2006, the OECD released a series of draft issues notes on comparability that was developed by the Committee on Fiscal Affairs' Working Party No. 6, building on experience acquired by countries since the adoption of the Transfer Pricing Guidelines in 1995 and on comments received from the business community in response to an open questionnaire release in 2003.