Working Papers


  • 9-September-2009

    English

    OECD releases a proposed revision of Chapters I-III of the Transfer Pricing Guidelines

    On 9 September, the OECD released for public comment a proposed revision of Chapters I-III of the Transfer Pricing Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises and Tax Administrations

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  • 17-June-2009

    English, , 97kb

    Working Paper 10: Finding the Dividing Line between Tax Sharing and Grants: A Statistical Investigation

    Tax sharing and intergovernmental grants are two sub-central funding arrangements that are often difficult to disentangle. The dividing line is not drawn uniformly across OECD countries or across time, and rules established in National Accounts, Revenue Statistics and others give incomplete guidance. Moreover, tax sharing arrangements may differ according to how tax revenue is distributed across individual jurisdictions. In order to

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  • 10-June-2009

    English, , 146kb

    Working Paper 9: The Fiscal Autonomy of Sub-Central Governments: An Update

    This paper describes the progress that has been made since 2006 in establishing statistical databases on tax autonomy and intergovernmental grants, aiming to better understand sub-central finance and intergovernmental fiscal relations. The paper is divided into two parts: a first part on taxing power of sub-central governments, and a second part on intergovernmental grants. Some of the work presented here is an update of earlier

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  • 18-May-2009

    English, , 369kb

    Working Paper 7: Taxes and Grants: On the Revenue Mix of Sub-Central Governments

    This paper analyses trends and driving forces in the revenue composition of sub-central government (SCG). Between 1995 and 2005 the share of SCG in total government spending increased significantly from 31 to 33 percent while the SCG tax share remained stable at around 17 percent, increasing SCG’s dependence on intergovernmental grants. While equal access to public services is the most common justification for such grants, the grant

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  • 18-May-2009

    English, , 201kb

    Working Paper 8: The Spending Power of Sub-Central Governments: A Pilot Study

    This pilot study presents indicators that assess sub-central government (SCG) spending power by policy area. Traditional indicators – such as the share of SCG in total government spending – are often misleading as they underestimate the impact of central government regulation on sub-central spending patterns. In order to gauge true spending power, a set of institutional indicators is established, based on a detailed assessment of

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  • 6-March-2009

    English

    Public comments on the Transfer Pricing Aspects of Business Restructurings

    On 19 September 2008, the OECD Committee on Fiscal Affairs released for comment a discussion draft on the Transfer Pricing Aspects of Business Restructurings<

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  • 13-June-2008

    English, , 791kb

    Working Paper 5: Promoting Performance: Using Indicators to Enhance the Effectiveness of Sub Central Spending

    This report examines the use of indicator systems for measuring and monitoring the delivery of sub-central public services. Specifically, the report aims to assess if and how central governments use such systems, the critical choices they face when designing and implementing them, and the constraints under which the systems operate. Particular attention is given to the rationale for using indicators in the context of intergovernmental

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  • 26-May-2008

    English, , 446kb

    Working Paper 6: Market Mechanisms in Sub-Central Public Service Provision

    This paper compares and analyses the use of market mechanisms in core sub central policy areas, namely education, health care, transport, social protection, and environment. Arrangements like tendering, outsourcing, user choice and competition, user fees and performance-related funding can help to improve quality of service provision or lower its cost. With around 32% of total public expenditure and often wide-ranging spending powers,

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  • 25-January-2008

    English, , 827kb

    Transactional profit methods : discussion draft for public comment

    As part of its monitoring of the implementation of the 1995 Transfer Pricing Guidelines, Working Party No. 6 of the OECD Committee on Fiscal Affairs is examining the application of transactional profit methods.<

  • 5-September-2007

    English, , 584kb

    Working Paper 4: Fiscal Equalisation in OECD Countries

    Fiscal equalisation is a transfer of resources across jurisdictions to offset disparities in revenue raising capacity or public service cost. It covers 2.5 percent of GDP or 5 percent of total government expenditure across OECD countries. Equalisation reduces fiscal disparities by two third on average and in some countries levels them virtually out. Strong equalisation comes at a price: on average, around 70 percent of a

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