Working Papers


  • 23-April-2013

    English

    Making the tax system less distortive in Switzerland

    The tax burden in Switzerland is low in international comparison, largely reflecting the substantial non-tax compulsory contributions towards the health and pension systems which are managed by private institutions. Taxation of personal income and labour earnings is relatively high, whereas the taxation of consumption is low.

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  • 19-September-2012

    English

    OECD Taxation Working Paper No. 13: Taxes and Investment in Skills

    This paper considers the influence of taxes on the financial incentive to invest in human capital and explores the tax treatment of private investment by individuals and employers in post-compulsory education and lifelong learning in 31 OECD countries, India and South Africa.

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  • 26-July-2012

    English

    Trends in Personal Income Tax and Employee Social Security Contribution Schedules

    To shed light on the determinants of average and marginal personal tax rates, this paper discusses historical and cross-country trends in statutory personal income tax rates, the income thresholds where personal income tax and employee social security contribution rates apply, and other statutory provisions that shape the tax burden on labour income in OECD countries.

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  • 26-July-2012

    English

    Shifting from Social Security Contributions to Consumption Taxes

    This paper investigates the merits of increasing work incentives for low-income workers by shifting part of the tax burden from social security contributions (SSC) to consumption taxes (specifically VAT) in 13 European OECD countries.

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  • 6-June-2012

    English

    OECD Working Party No. 6 releases a discussion draft on the Transfer Pricing Aspects of Intangibles

    OECD Working Party No. 6 releases a discussion draft on the Transfer Pricing Aspects of Intangibles

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  • 6-June-2012

    English

    OECD Working Party No. 6 releases a discussion draft on the revision of the Safe Harbours section of the Transfer Pricing Guidelines

    OECD releases a discussion draft on the revision of the Safe Harbours section of the Transfer Pricing Guidelines.

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  • 6-June-2012

    English

    OECD Working Party No. 6 invites comments on certain transfer pricing timing issues

    OECD invites comments on certain transfer pricing timing issues

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  • 3-November-2011

    English

    The Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Tax Expenditures - A Novel Approach

    This study evaluates the regional tax incentives for business investment in Italy and addresses the following questions: (i) how much additional investment was stimulated by the government intervention; (ii) has the public financing displaced (part of) the private financing; (iii) to what extent would the outcomes on firm performance have not been achieved without the public support?

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  • 3-November-2011

    English

    Non-Tax Compulsory Payments as an Additional Burden on Labour Income

    In 23 of the 34 OECD member countries, it is compulsory for employers and/ or employees to make additional payments, in addition to taxes and social security contributions, which increase the overall burden on labour income. These non-tax compulsory payments, which are typically paid to privatelymanaged funds, will either increase the employer’s labour costs or reduce the employee’s net take-home pay in a similar way to taxes,

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  • 3-November-2011

    English

    Corporate Taxation and SMEs: The Italian Experience

    This paper focuses on the tax impediments faced by small and medium-sized enterprises in Italy. The fact that small businesses are characterized by financing constraints and have less access to bank loans is often emphasized as an argument in favour of a special tax treatment for small enterprises. On the one hand, however, the evidence that SMEs suffer severe financing constraints is not overwhelming; on the other hand, tax relief

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