Working Papers


  • 27-February-2009

    English

    Fiscal Convergence, Business Cycle Volatility and Growth

    This paper analyzes the effects of fiscal convergence on business cycle volatility and growth. Our empirical results are economically and statistically significant, and robust.

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  • 27-February-2009

    English

    Stabilization Effects of Social Spending: Empirical Evidence from a Panel of OECD Countries

    The aim of this paper is to assess the ability of social spending to smooth output shocks and to provide stabilization. The results show that overall social spending is able to smooth about 16 percent of a shock to GDP.

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  • 24-February-2009

    English

    Reforming the tax system in Korea to promote economic growth and cope with rapid population ageing

    Korea has one of the lowest tax burdens in the OECD area, reflecting its small public sector. However, rapid population ageing will put upward pressure on government spending.

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  • 18-February-2009

    English

    Financial crises: past lessons and policy implications

    This overview paper examines the financial crisis in light of past country experience and economic theory and sets out some preliminary policy recommendations.

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  • 10-February-2009

    English

    Health Care Reform in the United States

    In spite of improvements, on various measures of health outcomes the United States appears to rank relatively poorly among OECD countries. Health expenditures, in contrast, are significantly higher than in any other OECD country.

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  • 27-January-2009

    English

    Making the most of Norwegian schools

    Traditionally, the Norwegian compulsory education system has focused strongly on the linked goals of equal opportunities to learn, comprehensive and inclusive education.

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  • 16-January-2009

    English

    Can the financial sector continue to be the main growth engine in Luxembourg?

    Luxembourg is today one of the main international centres for investment funds. Besides the sector’s direct and indirect employment effects, the most important effect is the large tax revenue generating capacity of the sector, accounting directly for over 20% of aggregate tax revenues.

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  • 12-August-2008

    English

    Tax reform for efficiency and fairness in Canada

    In a context of fiscal surpluses,the Canadian government has been: markedly reducing corporate income and capital taxes; providing more personal tax relief especially at lower incomes and above all for saving; and cutting the federal value added tax (GST).

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  • 13-June-2008

    English, , 791kb

    Working Paper 5: Promoting Performance: Using Indicators to Enhance the Effectiveness of Sub Central Spending

    This report examines the use of indicator systems for measuring and monitoring the delivery of sub-central public services. Specifically, the report aims to assess if and how central governments use such systems, the critical choices they face when designing and implementing them, and the constraints under which the systems operate. Particular attention is given to the rationale for using indicators in the context of intergovernmental

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  • 26-May-2008

    English, , 446kb

    Working Paper 6: Market Mechanisms in Sub-Central Public Service Provision

    This paper compares and analyses the use of market mechanisms in core sub central policy areas, namely education, health care, transport, social protection, and environment. Arrangements like tendering, outsourcing, user choice and competition, user fees and performance-related funding can help to improve quality of service provision or lower its cost. With around 32% of total public expenditure and often wide-ranging spending powers,

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