In a context of fiscal surpluses,the Canadian government has been: markedly reducing corporate income and capital taxes; providing more personal tax relief especially at lower incomes and above all for saving; and cutting the federal value added tax (GST).
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This report examines the use of indicator systems for measuring and monitoring the delivery of sub-central public services. Specifically, the report aims to assess if and how central governments use such systems, the critical choices they face when designing and implementing them, and the constraints under which the systems operate. Particular attention is given to the rationale for using indicators in the context of intergovernmental
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This paper compares and analyses the use of market mechanisms in core sub central policy areas, namely education, health care, transport, social protection, and environment. Arrangements like tendering, outsourcing, user choice and competition, user fees and performance-related funding can help to improve quality of service provision or lower its cost. With around 32% of total public expenditure and often wide-ranging spending powers,
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As part of its monitoring of the implementation of the 1995 Transfer Pricing Guidelines, Working Party No. 6 of the OECD Committee on Fiscal Affairs is examining the application of transactional profit methods.<
Italy has launched itself in the federalist direction by decentralising spending, regulatory and tax powers in the late 1990s and reinforcing growing lower level responsibilities with a constitutional reform in 2001, as discussed in this working paper.
Since 2004, the fiscal deficit has been brought down by over 5% of GDP to below the 3% limit in 2006. The government plans a more gradual reduction so that overall balance or surplus is reached no later than 2010. These and other points are discussed in this working paper.
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Fiscal equalisation is a transfer of resources across jurisdictions to offset disparities in revenue raising capacity or public service cost. It covers 2.5 percent of GDP or 5 percent of total government expenditure across OECD countries. Equalisation reduces fiscal disparities by two third on average and in some countries levels them virtually out. Strong equalisation comes at a price: on average, around 70 percent of a
The OECD Committee on Fiscal Affairs has today published a revised public discussion draft of Part IV (Insurance) of its Report on the Attribution of Profits to Permanent Establishments. The revised draft replaces the original draft of Part IV released in June 2005.
Despite France’s previously well deserved reputation as a highly centralised state, a significant number of responsibilities have been devolved to regional and local government over the past two decades. The process has not been easy, as is discussed in this working paper.
Reducing poverty and social exclusion is an important objective for all French governments. Even though conventionally measured poverty is in fact lower than in most other countries, it is still higher than can be easily accepted.