Working Papers


  • 21-August-2015

    English

    Improving public sector efficiency for more inclusive growth in Latvia

    This working paper explores avenues to improve public sector efficiency in Latvia, a catching-up and ageing economy where spending needs are large.

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  • 23-July-2015

    English

    Fiscal constitutions: an empirical assessment

    Fiscal constitutions comprise the set of rules and frameworks guiding fiscal policy that are enshrined in a country’s fundamental laws.

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  • 22-July-2015

    English

    Sustaining the economic expansion in New Zealand

    Ensuring that permanent spending or tax cuts are implemented in a sustainable manner would encourage the strong fiscal position that New Zealand needs to meet potentially large macroeconomic shocks and long-run ageing-related costs.

  • 2-July-2015

    English

    Impacts of Carbon Prices on Indicators of Competitiveness

    Concerns around potential losses of competitiveness as a result of unilateral action on carbon pricing are often central for policy makers contemplating the introduction of such instruments. This paper is a review of literature on ex post empirical evaluations of the impacts of carbon prices on indicators of competitiveness as employed in the literature, including employment, output or exports, at different levels of aggregation.

  • 2-July-2015

    English

    Competitiveness Impacts of the German Electricity Tax

    Proposals to increase environmentally related taxes are often challenged on competitiveness grounds. The concern is that value creation in certain sectors might decline domestically if a country introduces environmentally related taxes unilaterally. This paper provides evidence on the short-term competitiveness impacts of the German electricity tax introduced unilaterally in 1999.

  • 22-June-2015

    English

    Competitiveness Impacts of the German Electricity Tax - Environment Working Paper

    Proposals to increase environmentally related taxes are often challenged on competitiveness grounds. The concern is that value creation in certain sectors might decline domestically if a country introduces environmentally related taxes unilaterally. This paper provides evidence on the short-term competitiveness impacts of the German electricity tax introduced unilaterally in 1999.

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  • 29-May-2015

    English

    The stabilisation properties of immovable property taxation: evidence from OECD countries

    This paper contributes to the scarce literature on the macroeconomic effects of property taxes, in particular on the relationships between property taxes, house prices and the wider economy.

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  • 29-May-2015

    English

    Making Colombia’s tax policy more efficient, fair and green

    Colombia needs a comprehensive tax reform that boosts revenues and shifts the tax burden to support more inclusive and green growth. Tax loopholes and exemptions that reduce the tax base and favour mainly the rich should be reduced significantly.

  • 30-April-2015

    English

    Reforming the Slovak public sector

    Improving public sector efficiency can help to meet two conflicting objectives: ensuring fiscal consolidation and maintaining room for growth-friendly spending.

  • 29-April-2015

    English

    Reforming the tax on immovable property: taking care of the unloved

    The tax on immovable property recently started to regain its former significance, but the tax yield still remains low, with slightly more than 1% of GDP and wide variation across countries.

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