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Real estate has long been the preferred choice of criminals for hiding ill-gotten gains, and manipulating property prices is one of the oldest known ways to transfer proceeds illegally between parties to a deal. Tax fraud schemes are often closely linked with these activities.
Identity related crime is a serious and increasing risk in many countries although its impact is variable. Some countries estimate that identity fraud overall costs their economies billions of dollars and is becoming more organised and more sophisticated. This report provides the results of a survey of 19 countries to assess the tax crime and money laundering vulnerabilities associated with identity fraud.
The fiscal deficit has been gradually brought down even in the midst of a deep recession, pro-cyclical fiscal tightening continued. Fiscal sustainability is aimed to be restored by the recent reforms.
Euro area entry calls for more fiscal flexibility to absorb cyclical shocks that cannot be dealt with by the common monetary policy. At the same time fiscal consolidation must not be put at risk, especially given rising ageing related costs.
The economic downturn and the financial turmoil are intensifying fiscal pressures. In the longer-term, progress towards fiscal sustainability and improving the quality of the public finances remain priorities.
This publication presents information about VAT/GST and excise duty rates in OECD member countries. It provides information about indirect tax topics such as international aspects of VAT development and application of VAT to small and medium-size enterprises. It also describes a range of taxation provisions in OECD member countires, such as the taxation of motor vehicles, tobacco and alcoholic beverages. Finally, it presents the
On 17 July 2008, the OECD Council approved the release of the 2008 Report on the Attribution of Profits to Permanent Establishments.
Despite the current problems related to the global financial and economic crisis, ongoing macroeconomic adjustment continues to bear fruit. Attainment of the primary budget surplus targets has delivered falling public debt-to-GDP ratios since 2003. Prudent debt management has reduced refinancing risk and external vulnerabilities. The forward looking conduct of monetary policy within a framework combining inflation targeting with a
Despite considerable progress in many areas, there remains substantial scope for making government operations more cost-effective. Brazil spends a high share of GDP on selected government financed programmes in relation to many OECD countries and its emerging-market peers, but outcome indicators are often comparatively poor. As a result, in the absence of efficiency gains, further increases in spending would need to be financed
Brazil’s economic fundamentals have improved considerably in the ten years following the abandonment of exchange rate management in 1999 and adoption of a policy framework combining inflation targeting, rules based fiscal management and a flexible exchange rate. The economy is therefore weathering the effects of the unfolding global financial and economic crisis rather well, and an incipient recovery is getting under way. The policy