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Against the background of a stronger need for reform in the wake of the crisis, this chapter assesses the progress that each country has made over the past five years in a broad range of structural policy areas where government action could boost long-term growth.
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OECD countries have taken a wide range of measures in response to the crisis, notably in the areas of infrastructure investment, taxes, the labour market, regulatory reforms and trade policy. This chapter assesses the expected effects of these measures on long-run income levels.
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Chapter 1 from Going for Growth 2009 reviews how the current recession affects the prospect for structural reform and then explores which of the policy priorities identified in the current volume to boost long-term growth are most likely to stimulate demand in the near term.
An updated report on Access For Tax Authorities To Information Gathered By Anti- Money Laundering Authorities is now available.
Many countries recognize the important and significant role the voluntary sector plays in building a strong, caring and well-functioning society as well as in contributing to employment, welfare and economic growth. The vast majority of charities are legitimate, but some may be targeted by criminals to launder the proceeds of tax crimes and other serious offences.
Real estate has long been the preferred choice of criminals for hiding ill-gotten gains, and manipulating property prices is one of the oldest known ways to transfer proceeds illegally between parties to a deal. Tax fraud schemes are often closely linked with these activities.
Identity related crime is a serious and increasing risk in many countries although its impact is variable. Some countries estimate that identity fraud overall costs their economies billions of dollars and is becoming more organised and more sophisticated. This report provides the results of a survey of 19 countries to assess the tax crime and money laundering vulnerabilities associated with identity fraud.
The fiscal deficit has been gradually brought down even in the midst of a deep recession, pro-cyclical fiscal tightening continued. Fiscal sustainability is aimed to be restored by the recent reforms.
Euro area entry calls for more fiscal flexibility to absorb cyclical shocks that cannot be dealt with by the common monetary policy. At the same time fiscal consolidation must not be put at risk, especially given rising ageing related costs.
The economic downturn and the financial turmoil are intensifying fiscal pressures. In the longer-term, progress towards fiscal sustainability and improving the quality of the public finances remain priorities.