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Despite considerable progress in many areas, there remains substantial scope for making government operations more cost-effective. Brazil spends a high share of GDP on selected government financed programmes in relation to many OECD countries and its emerging-market peers, but outcome indicators are often comparatively poor. As a result, in the absence of efficiency gains, further increases in spending would need to be financed
Brazil’s economic fundamentals have improved considerably in the ten years following the abandonment of exchange rate management in 1999 and adoption of a policy framework combining inflation targeting, rules based fiscal management and a flexible exchange rate. The economy is therefore weathering the effects of the unfolding global financial and economic crisis rather well, and an incipient recovery is getting under way. The policy
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National revenue bodies play a critical role in the workings of Government, responsible for collecting the vast bulk of revenue required to fund the services Governments are expected to deliver. Achieving high and improved levels of compliance with tax laws is central to meeting Government revenue targets, and in turn the level of services that can be provided. This guidance note provides practical guidance to national revenue bodies
Significant fiscal consolidation will be needed after the recession. The authorities should improve the spending and tax structure, efficiency of public spending and continue with fiscal federalism reforms
Slovenia achieved strong economic growth leading to a marked catch up with the EU15 during the last decade. This dynamic growth has been interrupted by the global recession, adversely affecting Slovenian exports and banks’ refinancing possibilities. As the economy recovers, efforts to achieve real convergence need to be renewed.
Slovenia belongs to the group of new EU member countries, which have given a high priority to fiscal prudence. This both stabilised the economy and paved the way for entry to the EU in 2004 and adoption of the euro in 2007. It also created room to counteract the current weakening of the economy. But fiscal policy has to cope with four main challenges: i) ensuring a return to fiscal consolidation after the current economic downturn;
The financial crisis did not spare the French economy, which is facing a deep recession in 2009, even if the situation is less severe than elsewhere. Once the recovery begins, a priority will be to phase out the general government budget deficit but, given the already very heavy burden of taxes and compulsory contributions, public finance consolidation will require strict control over expenditures.
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This paper proposes a framework for projecting public health and long-term care expenditures. It considers demographic and other (non-demographic) drivers of expenditures. The paper extends demographic drivers by incorporating death-related costs and the health status of the population. Concerning health care, the projections incorporate income and the effects of technology cum relative prices. For long-term care, the effects of
The key challenge is to develop gradually its counter-cyclical role without jeopardizing sustainability.
In today’s globalised economy, mutual assistance in tax matters and in particular effective exchange of information, are essential for countries to maintain sovereignty over the application and enforcement of their tax laws and to ensure the correct application of tax conventions.