Company cars form a large proportion of the car fleet in many countries and are influential in determining the composition of the wider vehicle fleet. When employees provided with a company car use it for personal purposes, personal income tax rules value the benefit in a number of different ways. How accurate these rules are in valuing the benefit has important implications for tax revenue, the environment and other social impacts.
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The September 2014 update on the BEPS Action Plan, including the delivery of the first set of measures from the BEPS Project as well as enhanced engagement with developing countries.
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BEPS strategies often take advantage of the interaction between the tax rules of different jurisdictions, so only an internationally co-ordinated effort can effectively respond to this issue. The BEPS Action Plan is based on three core principles: coherence, substance and transparency, and sets forth 15 actions to fundamentally change the rules for the taxation of cross-border profits.
This report brings together lessons learned from OECD analysis on carbon pricing and climate policies. A key component of this approach is putting an explicit price on every tonne of CO2 emitted. Explicit pricing instruments, however, may not cover all sources of emissions and will often need to be complemented by other policies that effectively put an implicit price on emissions.
"Tax Policy Landscape Five Years after the Crisis" discusses how tax policies have responded to fiscal and macroeconomic developments over the past five years and these longer-term structural economic developments on. "Tax Reform in the People's Republic of China" compares the tax system in China with the tax system in OECD countries and the tax reforms China and OECD countries have implemented in the past.
This study proposes a structured approach to selecting instruments of fiscal consolidation that are consistent with growth, equity and global-rebalancing objectives, which is then illustrated with a particular application.
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This publication provides the first systematic statistics of such effective tax rates - on a comparable basis - for each OECD country, together with ‘maps’ that illustrate graphically the wide variations in tax rates per unit of energy or per tonne of CO2 emissions.
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Large fiscal challenges will pre-occupy OECD governments for some time to come. The economic crisis that began in 2008 caused deficits to surge, and fiscal imbalances were swollen further by stimulus measures and bank rescue operations.
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Fiscal consolidation: How much, how fast and by what means? OECD Economic Policy Papers, No. 1
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Fiscal consolidation: How much is needed to reduce debt to a prudent level? OECD Economics Department Policy Notes, No. 11