The OECD fiscal decentralisation database provides comparative information on indicators analysed by level of government sector, [Federal or Central (including Social Security), State/regions and Local] for OECD member countries between 1995 and 2010.
Comparative information on a range of tax statistics that are levied in the 34 OECD member countries. Tax revenues, personal income taxes, corporate and capital income taxes, social security contributions, VAT and excise duties.
Trends in Indonesia and Malaysia provides for the first time cross-country comparisons between Asian economies and between Asian and OECD economies. Tax revenues are currently rising as a proportion of national incomes in Indonesia and Malaysia but continue to be substantially lower than for Korea, Japan and other OECD countries, according to a new OECD report.
Many governments are facing historic high levels of deficit and debt. Public spending has risen and they are taking in less money as tax revenues fall. Governments are attempting to consolidate their budgets, looking for the appropriate balance between expenditure cuts and revenue increases.
In the wake of the recent financial and economic crisis, how OECD countries can face the challenge of restoring public finances without jeopardising economic growth?
Given the current high levels of budget deficits and government debt, Governments recognize that they need to consolidate their budgets. Taxes can give rise to a multitude of disincentives to work, invest and innovate, with adverse effects on economic growth and welfare. But how can such distortions be minimised?
Tax reform is an on-going process, with tax systems continuously adopting to reflect changing economic, social and political circumstances. Over the last two decades, almost all OECD countries have undertaken structural changes in their tax system which have altered the way these systems function and their economic and social impacts. In some countries – as, for instance, many of the Eastern European economies in transition - the