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Following the financial crisis in 2008, millions of citizens faced hardship as they set about repairing the damage done to their economies and to public finances. For most people, the necessary sacrifice was bearable as long as it was shared fairly by everyone in society. Unfortunately, the evidence shows that this was not the case when it came to some large global companies.
This OECD Skills Strategy Spotlight sets out how the tax code affects skills development decisions, individuals’ and companies' skills decisions.
Being effective in government depends on navigating a complex multi-layered edifice, with different hierarchies, committees, and reporting structures within departments and ministries, and between national and local authorities. Explaining exactly how intergovernmental relations work is particularly problematic where taxation and public spending is concerned.
"It is estimated that air pollution from diesel-fuelled road transport kills 10 times more people each year in France than those who die in road accidents": OECD Insights Blog's post by Simon Upton, head of the OECD Environment Directorate, founder and Chair of the Round Table on Sustainable Development, and former New Zealand environment minister.
All of the world’s financial centres, under the impetus of the G20, and adopting the standards developed by the OECD, made a commitment in 2009 to putting an end to tax-motivated bank secrecy. Most of the countries have kept their word but major progress must still be made, said OECD Secretary-General.
Kein Land der Welt ist in der Lage, Steuerhinterziehung alleine beizukommen. Gemeinsames Handeln ist unabdingbar. Es geht um das Vertrauen der Steuerzahler in die Wirksamkeit und Gerechtigkeit ihrer Steuersysteme - und wir müssen diesen Kampf gewinnen.
“Recently more and more enterprises organised abroad by American firms have arranged their corporate structures aided by artificial arrangements between parent and subsidiary regarding intercompany pricing, the transfer of patent licensing rights, the shifting of management fees, and similar practices[...] in order to reduce sharply or eliminate completely their tax liabilities both at home and abroad.”
Taxes affect incentives on both sides of the labour market. They can discourage employers from hiring, would-be employees from taking up work, and current employees from working longer and harder. Alastair Thomas explains in the OECD Observer.
Social media is being exploited by advertisers, politicians and headhunters. Government tax offices are also weighing in.
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Article by Caroline Silberztein, Head of the Transfer Pricing Unit, OECD Centre for Tax Policy and Administration, published in the January 2011 issue of BNA Transfer Pricing International Journal.