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This report examines the use of indicator systems for measuring and monitoring the delivery of sub-central public services. Specifically, the report aims to assess if and how central governments use such systems, the critical choices they face when designing and implementing them, and the constraints under which the systems operate. Particular attention is given to the rationale for using indicators in the context of intergovernmental
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This paper compares and analyses the use of market mechanisms in core sub central policy areas, namely education, health care, transport, social protection, and environment. Arrangements like tendering, outsourcing, user choice and competition, user fees and performance-related funding can help to improve quality of service provision or lower its cost. With around 32% of total public expenditure and often wide-ranging spending powers,
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This paper proposes a framework for projecting public health and long-term care expenditures. It considers demographic and other (non-demographic) drivers of expenditures. The paper extends demographic drivers by incorporating death-related costs and the health status of the population. Concerning health care, the projections incorporate income and the effects of technology cum relative prices. For long-term care, the effects of
Germany has joined 15 other countries in signing the OECD-Council of Europe Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, in a step that will help it to combat cross-border tax evasion more effectively in today’s open global economy.
In today’s globalised economy, mutual assistance in tax matters and in particular effective exchange of information, are essential for countries to maintain sovereignty over the application and enforcement of their tax laws and to ensure the correct application of tax conventions.
This report examines the role tax intermediaries play in the operation of tax systems and specifically to understand their role in “unacceptable tax minimisation arrangements” as well as to identify strategies for strengthening the relationship betweeen tax intermediaries and revenue bodies.
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As part of its monitoring of the implementation of the 1995 Transfer Pricing Guidelines, Working Party No. 6 of the OECD Committee on Fiscal Affairs is examining the application of transactional profit methods.<
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This information note prepared by the Forum on Tax Administration provides further information on the systems of pre-filling personal tax returns operating successfully in Denmark and Sweden. (The Forum’s initial note on this topic was published in March 2006.) ‘Pre-filling’ is a concept that has come into prominence over the last 5-10 years following major advances in Nordic region countries and its adoption (to varying degrees) by
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At the opening of the Fourth Meeting of the OECD Forum on Tax Admininstration, Mr. Pier Carlo Padoan introduces the three areas that the meeting in Cape Town focuses on and emphasises how tax administrations have a key role to play in helping governments meet these challenges.
Italy has launched itself in the federalist direction by decentralising spending, regulatory and tax powers in the late 1990s and reinforcing growing lower level responsibilities with a constitutional reform in 2001, as discussed in this working paper.