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Identity related crime is a serious and increasing risk in many countries although its impact is variable. Some countries estimate that identity fraud overall costs their economies billions of dollars and is becoming more organised and more sophisticated. This report provides the results of a survey of 19 countries to assess the tax crime and money laundering vulnerabilities associated with identity fraud.
English, , 91kb
Articles of the OECD Model Convention with respect to taxes on income and on capital, as they read on 17 July 2008.
Real estate has long been the preferred choice of criminals for hiding ill-gotten gains, and manipulating property prices is one of the oldest known ways to transfer proceeds illegally between parties to a deal. Tax fraud schemes are often closely linked with these activities.
This overview paper examines the financial crisis in light of past country experience and economic theory and sets out some preliminary policy recommendations.
English, , 66kb
Exchange of information for tax purposes is effective when reliable and relevant information is available, and legal mechanisms enable the information to be obtained and exchanged. This paper concentrates on ensuring access to, and the availability of, reliable and foreseeably relevant information.
The fiscal deficit has been gradually brought down even in the midst of a deep recession, pro-cyclical fiscal tightening continued. Fiscal sustainability is aimed to be restored by the recent reforms.
In spite of improvements, on various measures of health outcomes the United States appears to rank relatively poorly among OECD countries. Health expenditures, in contrast, are significantly higher than in any other OECD country.
Euro area entry calls for more fiscal flexibility to absorb cyclical shocks that cannot be dealt with by the common monetary policy. At the same time fiscal consolidation must not be put at risk, especially given rising ageing related costs.
English, , 86kb
Agreement between the isle of man and australia for the exchange of information relating to tax matters
Traditionally, the Norwegian compulsory education system has focused strongly on the linked goals of equal opportunities to learn, comprehensive and inclusive education.