Solving the world’s environmental problems could take a significant toll on economic growth if only today’s technologies are available. We know that innovation – the creation and adoption of new cleaner technologies and know-how – provides a means to achieve local and global environmental goals at significantly lower costs. Innovation is also a major driver of economic growth.
OECD governments are increasingly using environmentally related taxes because they are typically one of the most effective policy tools available. Exploring the relationship between environmentally related taxation and innovation is critical to understanding the full impacts of this policy instrument as well as one potential facet of “green growth.” By putting a price on pollution, do environmentally related taxes spur innovation? What types of innovation result? Does the design of the tax play a critical role? What is the effect of this innovation?
In analysing these questions, this report draws on case studies that cover Japan, Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, Israel and others. It covers a wide set of environmental issues and technologies, as well as the economic and policy contexts. The research methods range from econometric analysis to interviews with business owners and executives. The report also explores the use of environmentally related taxes in OECD countries and outlines considerations for policymakers when implementing these taxes.
Green growth policies can stimulate economic growth while preventing environmental degradation, biodiversity loss and unsustainable natural resource use. The results from this publication will contribute to the Green Growth Strategy being developed by the OECD as a practical policy package for governments to harness the potential of greener growth.
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Taxation, Innovation and the Environment (Chinese version)
The Global Forum has been publishing its annual assessment of the legal and regulatory systems for the exchange of information in tax matters since 2006. This year’s update now covers more than 90 jurisdictions, including all OECD and G20 countries as well as all of the world’s major financial centres. New additions this year are Botswana, Brazil, Jamaica, Indonesia, Liberia and Qatar.
Equitable and efficient tax systems and administrations have an important role to play in securing domestic funding for development, according to Angel Gurría. He added that African policy makers need to reform tax systems and generate revenues, to complement external sources of financing, such as official development assistance, remittances and foreign direct investment.
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Offshore Voluntary Disclosure: Comparative Analysis, Guidance and Policy Advice, September 2010
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This report examines how, in the light of the increase in cross-border activities and investments of business entities and individuals, international co-ordination and collaboration could be advanced through the use of joint audits.
Turkey hosted the sixth meeting of the OECD’s Forum on Tax Administration in Istanbul, on 15-16 September 2010, bringing together more than 130 delegates from 43 countries. Tax Commissioners from OECD and non-OECD countries met to discuss a range of issues associated with administering tax systems in the current economic climate. The meeting, chaired by Douglas H. Shulman, Commissioner IRS USA and FTA Chair, focused in particular on
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This report provides a framework for a voluntary code of conduct for revenue bodies and banks. This is based upon the concepts developed, and proposals set out in the report Building Transparent Tax Compliance by Banks (2009) and the earlier report Study into the Role of Tax Intermediaries (2008).
The financial and economic crisis had a devastating impact on bank profits, with loss-making banks reporting global commercial losses of around USD 400 billion in 2008. This comprehensive report sets the market context for bank losses and provides an overview of the tax treatment of such losses in 17 OECD countries; describes the tax risks that arise in relation to bank losses from the perspective of both banks and revenue bodies; outlines the incentives that give rise to those risks; and describes the tools revenue bodies have to manage these potential compliance risks. It concludes with recommendations for revenue bodies and for banks on how risks involving bank losses can best be managed and reduced.
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Addressing Tax Risks Involving Bank Losses