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The aim of this paper is to assess the ability of social spending to smooth output shocks and to provide stabilization. The results show that overall social spending is able to smooth about 16 percent of a shock to GDP.
Korea has one of the lowest tax burdens in the OECD area, reflecting its small public sector. However, rapid population ageing will put upward pressure on government spending.
- Economic Survey of Korea 2008
Many countries recognize the important and significant role the voluntary sector plays in building a strong, caring and well-functioning society as well as in contributing to employment, welfare and economic growth. The vast majority of charities are legitimate, but some may be targeted by criminals to launder the proceeds of tax crimes and other serious offences.
An updated report on Access For Tax Authorities To Information Gathered By Anti- Money Laundering Authorities is now available.
Identity related crime is a serious and increasing risk in many countries although its impact is variable. Some countries estimate that identity fraud overall costs their economies billions of dollars and is becoming more organised and more sophisticated. This report provides the results of a survey of 19 countries to assess the tax crime and money laundering vulnerabilities associated with identity fraud.
English, , 91kb
Articles of the OECD Model Convention with respect to taxes on income and on capital, as they read on 17 July 2008.
Real estate has long been the preferred choice of criminals for hiding ill-gotten gains, and manipulating property prices is one of the oldest known ways to transfer proceeds illegally between parties to a deal. Tax fraud schemes are often closely linked with these activities.
This overview paper examines the financial crisis in light of past country experience and economic theory and sets out some preliminary policy recommendations.
English, , 66kb
Exchange of information for tax purposes is effective when reliable and relevant information is available, and legal mechanisms enable the information to be obtained and exchanged. This paper concentrates on ensuring access to, and the availability of, reliable and foreseeably relevant information.
The fiscal deficit has been gradually brought down even in the midst of a deep recession, pro-cyclical fiscal tightening continued. Fiscal sustainability is aimed to be restored by the recent reforms.