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This information note describes the findings from a survey to member countries and studies of scientific literature on taxpayer compliance behaviour. The purpose is to describe current knowledge on taxpayer compliance behaviour in order to assist countries in their effort to cost effectively influence taxpayer behaviour to improve compliance.
Vast amounts of tax are lost to offshore tax evasion every year. Certain estimates put the number at 100 billion $ for the United States alone. This publication shows how 39 countries (all OECD members as well as Argentina, China, India, Russia, and South Africa) deal with offshore tax evasion.
Transnational bribery enforcement under the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) has increased significantly since the last OECD evaluation of the implementation of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention by the United States, according to a new OECD report.
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Speech by Jeffrey Owens delivered at the Meeting of the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes that was held on 29-30 September 2010 in Singapore. Jeffrey Owens talks about the impact of the crisis and governments’ attitudes towards tax compliance, cooperation between tax and other law enforcement agencies, the role of taxation in development and a renewed emphasis on confidentiality and taxpayers’
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The OECD Council adopted on 14 October 2010 a new Recommendation to strengthen the role of tax authorities in the combat against bribery that succeeds to the 2009 Recommendation.
Solving the world’s environmental problems could take a significant toll on economic growth if only today’s technologies are available. We know that innovation – the creation and adoption of new cleaner technologies and know-how – provides a means to achieve local and global environmental goals at significantly lower costs. Innovation is also a major driver of economic growth.
OECD governments are increasingly using environmentally related taxes because they are typically one of the most effective policy tools available. Exploring the relationship between environmentally related taxation and innovation is critical to understanding the full impacts of this policy instrument as well as one potential facet of “green growth.” By putting a price on pollution, do environmentally related taxes spur innovation? What types of innovation result? Does the design of the tax play a critical role? What is the effect of this innovation?
In analysing these questions, this report draws on case studies that cover Japan, Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, Israel and others. It covers a wide set of environmental issues and technologies, as well as the economic and policy contexts. The research methods range from econometric analysis to interviews with business owners and executives. The report also explores the use of environmentally related taxes in OECD countries and outlines considerations for policymakers when implementing these taxes.
Green growth policies can stimulate economic growth while preventing environmental degradation, biodiversity loss and unsustainable natural resource use. The results from this publication will contribute to the Green Growth Strategy being developed by the OECD as a practical policy package for governments to harness the potential of greener growth.
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Taxation, Innovation and the Environment (Chinese version)
The Global Forum has been publishing its annual assessment of the legal and regulatory systems for the exchange of information in tax matters since 2006. This year’s update now covers more than 90 jurisdictions, including all OECD and G20 countries as well as all of the world’s major financial centres. New additions this year are Botswana, Brazil, Jamaica, Indonesia, Liberia and Qatar.
Equitable and efficient tax systems and administrations have an important role to play in securing domestic funding for development, according to Angel Gurría. He added that African policy makers need to reform tax systems and generate revenues, to complement external sources of financing, such as official development assistance, remittances and foreign direct investment.
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Offshore Voluntary Disclosure: Comparative Analysis, Guidance and Policy Advice, September 2010