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This country note provides an environmental tax and carbon pricing profile for Turkey. It shows environmentally related tax revenues, taxes on energy use and effective carbon rates.
This database provides information on environmentally related taxes, fees and charges, tradable permit systems, deposit refund systems, environmentally motivated subsidies and voluntary approaches used in environmental policy in OECD member countries and a number of other countries. Developed in co-operation between the OECD and the European Environment Agency.
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Turkey has the 16th highest tax wedge among the 34 OECD member countries in 2015. The country occupied the same position in 2014. The average single worker in Turkey faced a tax wedge of 38.3% in 2015 compared with the OECD average of 35.9%.
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The tax burden in Turkey declined by 0.6 percentage points from 29.3% to 28.7% in 2014. The corresponding figures for the OECD average were an increase of 0.2 percentage points from 34.2% to 34.4%.
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The VAT revenues in Turkey accounted for 20.8% of total tax revenue in 2012, slightly above the OECD average of 19.5%.
The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes (referred to as "the Global Forum"), has released its peer review reports for Belize, Finland, Iceland, Nauru, Poland, Portugal, Sweden and Turkey.
Tax reform is an on-going process, with tax systems continuously adopting to reflect changing economic, social and political circumstances. Over the last two decades, almost all OECD countries have undertaken structural changes in their tax system which have altered the way these systems function and their economic and social impacts. In some countries – as, for instance, many of the Eastern European economies in transition - the