Italy’s policy of fiscal consolidation and growth-friendly structural reforms has substantially improved its economic prospects, but the adverse sentiment that the country has faced in the sovereign bond market over the past years has deep roots.
Compulsory school education in Italy produces poor results in terms of 15-year-olds’ performance on PISA tests, compared with other OECD countries, despite a relatively high level of expenditure, as discussed in this working paper.
Italy has launched itself in the federalist direction by decentralising spending, regulatory and tax powers in the late 1990s and reinforcing growing lower level responsibilities with a constitutional reform in 2001, as discussed in this working paper.
Tax reform is an on-going process, with tax systems continuously adopting to reflect changing economic, social and political circumstances. Over the last two decades, almost all OECD countries have undertaken structural changes in their tax system which have altered the way these systems function and their economic and social impacts. In some countries – as, for instance, many of the Eastern European economies in transition - the
This working paper aims to identify structural reforms for better public spending management in Italy -in turn a critical need in view of the country's high debt and tax burdens, notwithstanding significant progress in the past decade.
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Using overlapping generations (OLG) models calibrated on 7 OECD countries - the United States, Japan, France, Canada, Italy, the United Kingdom and Sweden - the authors investigate the macroeconomic impact of possible pension reform strategies as populations age.