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Despite France’s previously well deserved reputation as a highly centralised state, a significant number of responsibilities have been devolved to regional and local government over the past two decades. The process has not been easy, as is discussed in this working paper.
Reducing poverty and social exclusion is an important objective for all French governments. Even though conventionally measured poverty is in fact lower than in most other countries, it is still higher than can be easily accepted.
This working paper describes the main characteristics and the developments of the French tax system and examines some of its economic distortions and complexities.
Since the early 1990s, when France's general government deficit reached a disturbing 6% of GDP, the country's public finances have progressed substantially, even though significantly further improvement is required. This paper examines the tools available to policy makers to meet this challenge.
English, , 324kb
Using overlapping generations (OLG) models calibrated on 7 OECD countries - the United States, Japan, France, Canada, Italy, the United Kingdom and Sweden - the authors investigate the macroeconomic impact of possible pension reform strategies as populations age.