As part of continuing efforts to boost transparency by multinational enterprises (MNEs), Canada, Iceland, India, Israel, New Zealand and the People’s Republic of China signed today the Multilateral Competent Authority agreement for the automatic exchange of Country-by-Country reports (“CbC MCAA”), bringing the total number of signatories to 39 countries. The signing ceremony took place in Beijing, China.
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Canada has the 10th lowest tax wedge among the 34 OECD member countries. The country occupied the same position in 2014. The average single worker in Canada faced a tax wedge of 31.6% in 2015 compared with the OECD average of 35.9%.
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The tax burden in Canada increased by 0.3 percentage points from 30.5% to 30.8% in 2014. The corresponding figures for the OECD average were an increase of 0.2 percentage points from 34.2% to 34.4%.
In a boost for international efforts to strengthen co-operation against offshore tax evasion, seven new countries have joined the agreement to exchange information automatically under the OECD/G20 standard.
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The GST revenues in Canada (for central government and provinces) accounted for 13.7% of total tax revenue in 2012, well below the OECD average of 19.5%.
Although Canada remains in an advantageous fiscal position relative to many other OECD countries as the global economy recovers from the 2008/09 recession, the deterioration in the country’s public finances has been substantial.
This paper presents a simulation model of the main budget aggregates of federal, provincial and territorial governments in Canada. It also contains an analysis of the cyclicality of Canadian governments’ fiscal policies between 1984 and 2007.
The aim of this paper is to assess the consequences of banking crises for public debt. Using an unbalanced panel of 154 countries from 1980 to 2006, the paper shows that banking crises are associated with a significant and long-lasting increase in government debt.
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Agreement between Canada and Bermuda for the exchange of information relating to tax matters
Governments and central banks have implemented wide-ranging support packages in response to the global crisis. Discretionary fiscal measures, coupled with cyclical revenue losses and expenditure hikes, have resulted in a sharp increase in budget deficits, which are projected to peak at 8¼ per cent of GDP in the OECD area as a whole in 2010. How to get out of this dangerous spiral? How can we address this challenge while at the same