Brazil


6-July-2009

English

Price and volume elasticities of Brazilian foreign trade: A profit function approach

To investigate the possible impact of terms of trade gains on the real economy, this paper estimates normalised quadratic input demand and output supply functions for the Brazilian economy during 1997-2008.

6-July-2009

English

Current account sustainability in Brazil: A non linear approach

To shed further light on this issue in the context of emerging market economies, this paper uses Brazilian data to estimate the determinants of the current account in a smooth transition vector autoregressive (ST VAR) setting.

14-July-2008

English

Economic Survey of Brazil 2009: Looking beyond the global financial and economic crisis towards sustained growth

Brazil’s economic fundamentals have improved considerably in the ten years following the abandonment of exchange rate management in 1999 and adoption of a policy framework combining inflation targeting, rules based fiscal management and a flexible exchange rate. The economy is therefore weathering the effects of the unfolding global financial and economic crisis rather well, and an incipient recovery is getting under way. The policy

14-July-2008

English

Economic Survey of Brazil 2009: Reaping the benefits of macroeconomic consolidation

Despite the current problems related to the global financial and economic crisis, ongoing macroeconomic adjustment continues to bear fruit. Attainment of the primary budget surplus targets has delivered falling public debt-to-GDP ratios since 2003. Prudent debt management has reduced refinancing risk and external vulnerabilities. The forward looking conduct of monetary policy within a framework combining inflation targeting with a

14-July-2008

English

Economic Survey of Brazil 2009: Making government operations more cost-effective

Despite considerable progress in many areas, there remains substantial scope for making government operations more cost-effective. Brazil spends a high share of GDP on selected government financed programmes in relation to many OECD countries and its emerging-market peers, but outcome indicators are often comparatively poor. As a result, in the absence of efficiency gains, further increases in spending would need to be financed

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