Working Papers


8-November-2011

English

Trade and Employment: The Case of Denmark and Spain

Greater trade openness does not necessarily have an adverse effect on employment, and labour market mobility and flexibility can help countries gain from globalisation, according to this comparison of Denmark and Spain.

8-November-2011

English

Openness, Wage Gaps and Unions in Chile: A Micro Econometric Analysis

The most open sectors of the Chilean economy show higher wages relative to the other sectors, according to this analysis of the relationship between wages and levels of trade and foreign direct investment (FDI) openness in twenty-nine sectors in Chile.

6-October-2011

English

Comparative Advantage and Trade Performance: Policy Implications

Physical and human capital (especially second- and third-level education), financial development and some aspects of labour market institutions are important policy and institutional areas that determine comparative advantage today, according to this paper.

5-July-2011

English

Estimating the Constraints to Trade of Developing Countries

Tariffs, government policies and availability of credit and electricity are among the factors that restrict the trade expansion of developing countries. This report identifies and quantifies these constraints, and includes case studies of Azerbaijan and Uganda.

1-October-2010

English

Policy Responses in Emerging Economies to International Agricultural Commodity Price Surges

Commodity prices surged in 2006-08 in Argentina, Brazil, China, Chile, India, Indonesia, Russia, South Africa, Ukraine and Vietnam. Government policy responses to these price surges were not always successful in minimising the impact on consumers and producers, this report finds.

16-September-2010

English

China’s Intellectual Property Environment: A Firm-Level Perspective

Momentum for intellectual property (IP) reform in China is related to economic potential there, involving privatization policies, trade and FDI policies, and the government's role in innovation strategy. This study looks at IP issues facing firms operating in China.

Related Documents

14-September-2010

English

Policy Complements to the Strengthening of Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) in Developing Countries

Reforms in policy on intellectual property rights (IPRs) such as copyrights, trademarks and patent protection deliver positive economic results for developing countries, according to this OECD study.

9-July-2010

English

Increasing the Impact of Trade Expansion on Growth: Lessons from Trade Reforms for the Design of Aid for Trade

Aid for Trade has the potential to boost economic growth in developing countries. However, while most trade reforms have been successful, some proved unsustainable and others had little impact on growth. This paper shows the reasons why and the lessons learned.

18-January-2010

English, , 595kb

Economic Importance of Agriculture for Poverty Reduction

The Millennium Declaration set 2015 as the target date for halving the number of people living in extreme poverty. This paper examines the role of the agricultural sector and looks at 25 developing countries who have posted extraordinary success in reducing extreme poverty.

21-August-2009

English, , 2,045kb

Economic Impacts of the Phase-Out in 2005 of Quantitative Restrictions Under The Agreement on Textiles and Clothing

This paper discusses the economic impacts of the phase-out of the Multi-Fibre Arrangement (MFA), which was provided for under the 1994 Agreement on Textiles and Clothing (ATC).

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