Working Papers


  • 29-March-2012

    English

    Trade, Employment and Structural Change: The Australian Experience

    International trade produces income gains, but increased trade exposure also creates some challenges that require complementary policies to maximise the benefits of trade. This paper looks at how Australia has dealt with these issues in recent years.

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  • 30-November-2011

    English

    Global Imbalances: Trade Effects and Policy Challenges

    Trade policy reforms have a role to play in reducing large current account imbalances, this paper finds. A multilateral and co-ordinated approach to reducing imbalances, involving macroeconomic, exchange rate and structural reforms, is essential for achieving maximum benefits for all countries.<

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  • 8-November-2011

    English

    Trade and Employment: The Case of Denmark and Spain

    Greater trade openness does not necessarily have an adverse effect on employment, and labour market mobility and flexibility can help countries gain from globalisation, according to this comparison of Denmark and Spain.

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  • 8-November-2011

    English

    Openness, Wage Gaps and Unions in Chile: A Micro Econometric Analysis

    The most open sectors of the Chilean economy show higher wages relative to the other sectors, according to this analysis of the relationship between wages and levels of trade and foreign direct investment (FDI) openness in twenty-nine sectors in Chile.

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  • 6-October-2011

    English

    Comparative Advantage and Trade Performance: Policy Implications

    Physical and human capital (especially second- and third-level education), financial development and some aspects of labour market institutions are important policy and institutional areas that determine comparative advantage today, according to this paper.

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  • 5-July-2011

    English

    Estimating the Constraints to Trade of Developing Countries

    Tariffs, government policies and availability of credit and electricity are among the factors that restrict the trade expansion of developing countries. This report identifies and quantifies these constraints, and includes case studies of Azerbaijan and Uganda.

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  • 1-October-2010

    English

    Policy Responses in Emerging Economies to International Agricultural Commodity Price Surges

    Commodity prices surged in 2006-08 in Argentina, Brazil, China, Chile, India, Indonesia, Russia, South Africa, Ukraine and Vietnam. Government policy responses to these price surges were not always successful in minimising the impact on consumers and producers, this report finds.

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  • 16-September-2010

    English

    China’s Intellectual Property Environment: A Firm-Level Perspective

    Momentum for intellectual property (IP) reform in China is related to economic potential there, involving privatization policies, trade and FDI policies, and the government's role in innovation strategy. This study looks at IP issues facing firms operating in China.

  • 14-September-2010

    English

    Policy Complements to the Strengthening of Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) in Developing Countries

    Reforms in policy on intellectual property rights (IPRs) such as copyrights, trademarks and patent protection deliver positive economic results for developing countries, according to this OECD study.

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  • 9-July-2010

    English

    Increasing the Impact of Trade Expansion on Growth: Lessons from Trade Reforms for the Design of Aid for Trade

    Aid for Trade has the potential to boost economic growth in developing countries. However, while most trade reforms have been successful, some proved unsustainable and others had little impact on growth. This paper shows the reasons why and the lessons learned.

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