Trade and Agriculture Directorate

Trade and Economic Effects of Responses to the Economic Crisis

In series:OECD Trade Policy Studiesview more titles

Published on August 26, 2010

book

The dramatic collapse in world trade in 2009 is, this report shows, mainly due to: the drop in demand for highly traded products; the drying up of trade finance; and the vertically integrated nature of global supply chains. Contrary to expectations, protectionist measures were relatively muted and did not play a significant part. In fact, because of their sheer size, stimulus measures may have had more impact on trade than direct trade policy measures Nevertheless, dollar for dollar, direct trade restricting measures have the most strongly negative impacts on growth and employment: a one dollar increase in tariff revenues results in a USD 2.16 drop in world exports and a USD 0.73 drop in world income. 

The analyses presented here suggest that exit strategies from measures to deal with the crisis will be most effective in boosting growth and jobs if they first roll back measures that discriminate between domestic and foreign firms and those that target specific sectors. General demand stimulus measures and active labour market policies are preferable under current conditions. 

SUMMARIESavailable in 1 language

English Trade and Economic Effects of Responses to the Economic Crisis (Summary in English)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Foreword
Executive summary
Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations
Explaining the 2008-09 “Trade Collapse”
Policy Responses to the Economic Crisis
The Trade and Economic Effects of Crisis Response Measures
Conclusions: Towards a roadmap for policy design
Annex A. Quantitative Analysis in Support of Chapter 2
Annex B. Additional Tables and Figures in Support of Chapter 2
Annex C. Short-term trade finance and its impact on trade: Evidence from panel data and time series
Annex D. Additional Tables in Support of Chapter 3
Annex E. Statistical Decomposition of Policy Effectiveness Indicators
References
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