Agriculture is the major user of water in most countries. It also faces the enormous
challenge of producing almost 50% more food by 2030 and doubling production by 2050.
This will likely need to be achieved with less water, mainly because of growing pressures
from urbanisation, industrialisation and climate change. In this context, it will
be important in future for farmers to receive the right signals to increase water
use efficiency and improve agricultural water management, while preserving aquatic
ecosystems. This report calls on policy makers to recognise the complexity and diversity
of water resource management in agriculture and the wide range of issues at stake.
And it gives them the tools to do so, offering a wealth of information on recent trends
and the outlook for water resource use in agriculture, including the impacts of climate
change. It examines the policy experiences of OECD countries in managing their water
resources for agriculture, with focus on: the extent to which countries subsidise
the supply of water to farmers; flood and drought risk policies; and institutional
organisation and governance as it relates to water and the agricultural sector. The
report offers concrete recommendations on what countries should be doing and why.