English, PDF, 415kb
Policies to Manage Agricultural Groundwater Use - country profile Portugal
English, PDF, 337kb
Policies to Manage Agricultural Groundwater Use - country profile Slovak Republic
English, PDF, 326kb
Policies to Manage Agricultural Groundwater Use - country profile Australia
English, PDF, 406kb
Policies to Manage Agricultural Groundwater Use - country profile Italy
English, PDF, 477kb
Policies to Manage Agricultural Groundwater Use - country profile Japan
English, PDF, 460kb
Policies to Manage Agricultural Groundwater Use - country profile Netherlands
Groundwater has provided great benefits to agriculture irrigation in semi-arid OECD countries, but its intensive use beyond recharge in certain regions has depleted resources and generated significant negative environmental externalities. The report provides a characterisation of the diversity of groundwater systems, reviews policies in OECD countries, and proposes a package of recommendations to ensure that groundwater can sustain its services to agriculture and contribute to climate change adaptation.
English, PDF, 436kb
Policy recommendations on agriculture and climate change mitigation and adaptation from OECD, last updated September 2015.
Agriculture is a provider of commodities such as food, feed, fibre and fuel, and it can bring both positive and negative impacts on the environment. Yet most policy measures target farm systems, inputs and practices and agricultural infrastructure (driving forces) rather than the provision of agri-environmental public goods (environmental outcomes).
This report analyses how a handful of OECD countries (Australia, Canada, Japan, United Kingdom and the United States) defines agri-environmental public goods and sets agri-environmental targets and reference levels, and the policies they implement for targeting certain agri-environmental public goods.
Knowledge investment supporting the adoption of environmentally friendly farm practices is a key driver behind innovation processes in agriculture, yet impact evaluations and financial assessments of existing initiatives remain scarce despite dramatic changes in orientation, organisation and intervention. This report examines the role, performance and impact of farm advisory services, training and extension initiatives in the OECD area to foster green growth in agriculture. Based on a series of case studies, the report discusses a range of methodological issues and the merits of the different types of providers, and identifies best practices in sustainable agricultural management.