Sustainable agriculture



A growing number of national initiatives are seeking to assess the environmental performance of agriculture, including in Canada (McRae et al., 2000), Denmark (Simonsen, 2000), France (IFEN, 1997, and 2000), New Zealand (New Zealand MAF, 1995), the Netherlands (Brouwer, 1995), Switzerland (OFAG, 2000) and the United States (USDA, 1997). For other countries the approach is to examine progress toward sustainable agriculture, including the balance between economic, environmental and social needs, for example, reports completed by Australia (Commonwealth of Australia, 1998), Finland (Aakkula, 2000) and the United Kingdom (MAFF, 2000).


Aakkula, J. (ed.) (2000), Sustainable Development in Agriculture: Indicators, Agri-environmental Programmes and Demonstrations, Final Report of the SUSAGRI-project, Agricultural Research Centre of Finland, Helsinki, Finland.

Brouwer, F.M. (1995) Indicators to Monitor Agri-environmental Policy in the Netherlands, Agricultural Economics Research Institute, The Hague, The Netherlands.

Commonwealth of Australia (1998), Sustainable Agriculture — Assessing Australia's Recent Performance, A Report to the Standing Committee on Agriculture and Resource Management (SCARM) of the National Collaborative Project on Indicators for Sustainable Agriculture, SCARM Technical Report No. 70, CSIRO Publishing, Victoria, Australia.

IFEN [Institut français de l'environnement] (1997), Agriculture et environnement: les indicateurs (only in French, "Agriculture and the Environment: Indicators"), édition 1997-1998, Orléans, France. Available at: [_#sup_62; Publications]

IFEN (2000), Amenagement du territoire et environnement: Politiques et indicateurs (Bilingual report "Spatial Planning and Environment: Policies and Indicators"), Paris, France. Available at: [_#sup_62; Publications]

MAFF [Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food] (2000), Towards Sustainable Agriculture — A Pilot Set of Indicators, London, United Kingdom. Available at: [Farming _#sup_62; Sustainable Agriculture]

McRae, T., C.A.S. Smith and L.J. Gregorich (eds.) (2000), Environmental Sustainability of Canadian Agriculture: Report of the Agri-Environmental Indicator Project, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC), Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Available at:

New Zealand MAF (1995) Proceedings of the Indicators for Sustainable Agriculture Seminar, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MAF), Policy Technical Paper 95/7, August, Wellington, New Zealand.

OFAG [Office fédéral de l'agriculture] (2000), Rapport Agricole 2000 (only in French, German and Italian "Agriculture Report 2000"), Berne, Switzerland.

Simonsen, B. (ed.) (2000), How Can Agricultural Statistics Meet Environmental Information Needs?, Proceedings of a Seminar hosted by Statistics Denmark, June/July, Copenhagen, Denmark. Available at:

USDA [United States Department of Agriculture] (1997), Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators, 1996-97, Agricultural Handbook No. 712, Natural Resources and Environment Division, Economic Research Service, Washington, D.C., United States. Available at: [Briefing Rooms _#sup_62; Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators]