Introduction to Agri-Environmental Indicators
To help improve measurement of the environmental performance of agriculture, OECD has established a set of agri-environmental indicators, developed in co-operation with Eurostat and FAO. These indicators inform policy makers and society on the state and trends in agri-environmental conditions, and can provide a valuable aid to policy analysis.
Key points in OECD countries
- Agriculture uses on average 36% of land and 44% of water resources, with significant effects on the environment.
- Agricultural nutrient balance surpluses - nitrogen and phosphorous - have decreased since the early 1990s.
- Pesticides sales decreased by 1.1% per year in the 2000s.
- Agricultural water withdrawals decreased by 0.5% per year in the 2000s, more rapidly than the average 0.3% yearly reduction of total freshwater withdrawals, while the total irrigated area was reduced by 0.3% per year over the same period.
Indicators and data
The times series primary database used for the OECD Compendium of Agri-environmental Indicators provides cross-country coverage on an annual basis since 1990 (where available):
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Organised by theme
Organised by country
OECD Compendium of Agri-environmental Indicators
This report provides the latest and most comprehensive data and analysis on the environmental performance of agriculture in OECD countries since 1990. It covers key environmental themes including soil, water, air and biodiversity and looks at recent policy developments in 34 countries.
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If you have questions about the OECD work on agri-environmental indicators, please contact the OECD Trade & Agriculture Directorate.