Agri-Environmental Indicators

BIBLIOGRAPHY

During the completion of the OECD (2001) publication Environmental Indicators for Agriculture Volume 3: Methods and Results, an extensive bibliography was established covering the main agri-environmental indicator themes.
This bibliography is provided below, which includes many internet links especially where reports are available free of charge. The bibliography is organised under the following AEI themes:

BACKGROUND TO INDICATORS

Aakkula, J. (ed.) (2000), Sustainable Development in Agriculture: Indicators, Agri-environmental Programmes and Demonstrations, Final Report of the SUSAGRI-project, Agricultural Research Centre of Finland, Helsinki, Finland.

Agricultural Council of Australia and New Zealand (1996), Indicators for Sustainable Agriculture: Evaluation of Pilot Testing. Report prepared for the Sustainable Land and Water Resources Management Committee, Standing Committee on Agriculture and Resource Management, CSIRO Publications, Victoria, Australia.

Brouwer, F.M. (1995) Indicators to Monitor Agri-environmental Policy in the Netherlands, Agricultural Economics Research Institute, The Hague, The Netherlands.

Brouwer, F.M. and B. Crabtree (eds.) (1999), Environmental Indicators and Agricultural Policy, CAB International, Wallingford, United Kingdom.

Brown, L.R., M. Renner and B. Halweil (1999), Vital Signs 1999: The Environmental Trends that are Shaping Our Future, Worldwatch Institute, Washington, D.C., United States.

CEC [Commission for Environmental Cooperation] (1999), "Environmental Impacts and Indicators", Chapter V of Issue Study 1, pp. 153-167, in CEC, Assessing Environmental Effects of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA): An Analytic Framework (Phase II) and Issue Studies, Montreal, Canada. Available at: www.cec.org [English > Publications and Information Resources > CEC Publications > Environment, Economy and Trade]

Commission of the European Union (2000), Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament — Indicators for the Integration of Environmental Concerns into the Common Agricultural Policy, COM(2000)20Final, 26 January, Brussels, Belgium.

Commonwealth of Australia (1998), Sustainable Agriculture — Assessing Australia’s Recent Performance, A Report to the Standing Committee on Agriculture and Resource Management (SCARM) of the National Collaborative Project on Indicators for Sustainable Agriculture, SCARM Technical Report No. 70, CSIRO Publishing, Victoria, Australia.

ECNC [European Centre for Nature Conservation] (2000), Agri-environmental Indicators for Sustainable Agriculture in Europe, Edited by D.M. Wascher, ECNC Publication Technical report series, Tilburg, The Netherlands. Available at: www.ecnc.nl/

EEA [European Environment Agency] (2000), Environmental Signals 2000, Environmental Assessment Report No. 6, Copenhagen, Denmark. Available at: themes.eea.eu.int [> all available reports]

European Commission (1999), Agriculture, Environment, Rural Development: Facts and Figures — A Challenge for Agriculture, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg. Available at: europa.eu.int/comm/dg06/envir/report/en/index.htm

EUROSTAT [Statistical Office of the European Communities] (1999), Towards Environmental Pressure Indicators for the EU, Environment and Energy Paper Theme 8, Luxembourg. The background documentation is available at: e-m-a-i-l.nu/tepi/ and esl.jrc.it/envind/

FAO [United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation ] (1996), Report on the State of the World’s Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, prepared for the International Technical Conference on Plant Genetic Resources, Leipzig, Germany, 17-23 June. Available at: 193.43.36.6/wrlmap_e.htm

FAO (1998), The State of the World’s Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, First Session, 8-10 September of the International Technical Working Group on Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, Rome, Italy. Available at: www.fao.org/ag/cgrfa/docs8.htm

Hampshire County Council (2000), Investigating Appropriate Indicators for Local Biodiversity, Winchester, Hampshire, United Kingdom. Available at: www.hants.gov.uk/TC/biodiversityindicators/

IFEN [Institut français de l’environnement] (1997), Agriculture et environnement: les indicateurs (only in French, "Agriculture and the Environment: Indicators"), édition 1997-1998, Orléans, France. Available at: www.ifen.fr [> Publications]

IFEN (2000), Amenagement du territoire et environnement: Politiques et indicateurs (Bilingual report "Spatial Planning and Environment: Policies and Indicators"), Paris, France. Available at: www.ifen.fr [> Publications]

MAFF [Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food] (2000), Towards Sustainable Agriculture — A Pilot Set of Indicators, London, United Kingdom. Available at: www.maff.gov.uk [Farming > Sustainable Agriculture]

McRae, T., C.A.S. Smith and L.J. Gregorich (eds.) (2000), Environmental Sustainability of Canadian Agriculture: Report of the Agri-Environmental Indicator Project, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC), Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Available at: www.agr.ca/policy/environment/publications/list.html

Moxey, A. (1999), "Cross-Cutting Issues in Developing Agri-Environmental Indicators", pp. 113–130, in OECD, Environmental Indicators for Agriculture, Volume 2: Issues and Design — The York Workshop, Paris, France.

New Zealand MAF (1995) Proceedings of the Indicators for Sustainable Agriculture Seminar, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MAF), Policy Technical Paper 95/7, August, Wellington, New Zealand.

OECD (1997), Environmental Indicators for Agriculture, Volume 1: Concepts and Framework, Paris, France.

OECD (1998a), Towards Sustainable Development: Environmental Indicators, Paris, France

OECD (1998b), Agriculture and the Environment: Issues and Policies, Paris, France.

OECD (1999a), Environmental Indicators for Agriculture, Volume 2: Issues and Design — The York Workshop, Paris, France.

OECD (1999b), OECD Environmental Data Compendium 1999, Paris, France.

OECD (1999c), Environmental Performance Reviews: Denmark, Paris, France.

OECD (1999d), Sustainable Economic Growth: Natural Resources and the Environment in Norway, Economics Department Working Papers No. 218, General Distribution paper [ECO/WKP(99)10], Paris France. Available at: www.oecd.org [Documentation > 1999 > Reference Components > ECO]

OECD (1999e), The Agricultural Outlook 1999-2004, Paris, France.

OECD (2000a), Frameworks to Measure Sustainable Development, Paris, France.

OECD (2000b), Agricultural Policies in OECD Countries: Monitoring and Evaluation 2000, Paris, France.

OECD (2000c), OECD National Soil Surface Nitrogen Balances: Preliminary Estimates 1985-1997, Paris, France. Available at: www.oecd.org/agr/

OECD (2000d), Review of Agricultural Policies: Romania, Paris, France.

OECD (2000e), Review of Agricultural Policies: Republic of Slovenia, Paris, France.

OECD (2000f), Enhancing Environmentally Sustainable Growth in Finland, Economics Department Working Papers No. 229, General Distribution document [ECO/WKP(2000)2], Paris, France. Available at: www.oecd.org [Documentation > 2000 > Reference Components > ECO]

OECD (2000g), "Agriculture/Environment Indicators — The Experience of the Netherlands, pp. 279-288, in OECD, Towards Sustainable Development — Indicators to Measure Progress, Paris, France.

OFAG [Office fédéral de l’agriculture] (2000), Rapport Agricole 2000 (only in French, German and Italian "Agriculture Report 2000"), Berne, Switzerland.

Pannell, D.J. and N.A. Glenn (2000), "A framework for the economic evaluation and selection of sustainability indicators in agriculture", Ecological Economics, Vol. 33, No. 1, pp. 135-149.

Rigby, D., P. Woodhouse, M. Burton and T. Young (2000), Constructing a Farm Level Indicator of Agricultural Sustainability, paper presented at the Agricultural Economics Society Annual Conference, Manchester, 14-17 April, United Kingdom.

Simonsen, B. (ed.) (2000), How Can Agricultural Statistics Meet Environmental Information Needs?, Proceedings of a Seminar hosted by Statistics Denmark, June/July, Copenhagen, Denmark. Available at: www.dst.dk/siab.asp?o_id=739

UNCSD [United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development] (1996), Indicators of Sustainable Development Framework and Methodologies, New York, United States.

USDA [United States Department of Agriculture] (1997), Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators, 1996-97, Agricultural Handbook No. 712, Natural Resources and Environment Division, Economic Research Service, Washington, D.C., United States. Available at: www.ers.usda.gov [Briefing Rooms > Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators]

World Bank (1997), Expanding the Measure of Wealth — Indicators of Environmentally Sustainable Development, Environmentally Sustainable Development Studies and Monographs Series, No. 17, Washington, D.C., United States.

World Bank (2000a), The Little Green Data Book, Development Data Group and Environmental Economics and Indicators Unit, Washington, D.C., United States.

World Bank (2000b), World Development Indicators 2000, Washington, D.C., United States. Text and samples of tables are available at: www.worldbank.org/data/wdi2000/

World Bank (2000c), Rural Development Indicators Handbook, Rural Development Department, Washington, D.C., United States.

World Resources Institute (1995), Environmental Indicators: A Systematic Approach to Measuring and Reporting on Environmental Policy Performance in the Context of Sustainable Development, Washington, D.C., United States.

World Wide Fund for Nature (1995), Measuring Progress Toward Bio-Intensive IPM: A Methodology to Track Pesticide Use, Risks and Reliance, WWF International, Gland, Switzerland.

CONTEXTUAL INFORMATION AND INDICATORS

Baldock, D., G. Beaufoy and J. Clark (1995), The Nature of Farming, Low Intensity Farming Systems in Nine European Countries, Institute for European Environmental Policy, London, United Kingdom.

Commission of the European Union (2000), From Land Cover to Landscape Diversity in the European Union. Available at: europa.eu.int/comm/dg06/publi/landscape/index.htm

Commonwealth of Australia (1998), Sustainable Agriculture — Assessing Australia’s Recent Performance, A Report to the Standing Committee on Agriculture and Resource Management (SCARM) of the National Collaborative Project on Indicators for Sustainable Agriculture, SCARM Technical Report No. 70, CSIRO Publishing, Victoria, Australia.

Darwin, R., M. Tsigas, J. Lewandrowski and A. Raneses (1996), "Land use and cover in ecological economics", Ecological Economics, Vol. 17, No. 3, pp. 157-181.

European Commission (1999), Agriculture, Environment, Rural Development: Facts and Figures — A Challenge for Agriculture, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg. Available at: europa.eu.int/comm/dg06/envir/report/en/index.htm

Hrubovcak, J., U. Vasavada and J.E. Aldy (1999), Green Technologies for a More Sustainable Agriculture, Resource Economics Division, Economic Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Information Bulletin No. 752, Washington, D.C., United States.

Huffman, W.E. (2000), "Human Capital: Education and Agricultural Productivity", Part 1, Volume 1, in B.L. Garnder and C. Rausser (eds.), Handbook of Agricultural Economics, Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

JIAC [Japan International Agriculture Council] (1997), "Let’s Support the Movement to Preserve Terraced Paddy Fields", Japan Agrinfo Newsletters, Vol. 14, No. 11, Tokyo, Japan.

Kilpatrick, S (1999), How social capital facilitates learning outcomes for small family businesses, Centre for Research and Learning in Regional Australia, University of Tasmania, Australia. Available at: www.crlra.utas.edu.au/discussion/d2-2000.shtml

Mac, M.J., P.A. Opler, C.E.P. Haecker and P.D. Doran (1998), Status and Trends of the Nation’s Biological Resources, Two Volumes, United States Department of the Interior, United States Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, United States. Available at: biology.usgs.gov/pubs/execsumm/page2.htm

MacGregor, R.J. and T. McRae (2000), "Driving Forces Affecting the Environmental Sustainability of Agriculture", Chapter 3, in T. McRae, C.A.S. Smith and L.J. Gregorich (eds.), Environmental Sustainability of Canadian Agriculture: Report of the Agri-Environmental Indicator Project, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC), Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Available at: www.agr.ca/policy/environment/publications/list.html

MAFF [Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food] (2000), Towards Sustainable Agriculture — A Pilot Set of Indicators, London, United Kingdom. Available at: www.maff.gov.uk [Farming > Sustainable Agriculture]

Moxey, A. (1999), "Cross-Cutting Issues in Developing Agri-Environmental Indicators", pp. 113-130, in OECD, Environmental Indicators for Agriculture, Volume 2: Issues and Design — The York Workshop, Paris, France.

Mues, C., L. Chapman and R. van Hilst (1998), Promoting Improved Land Management practices on Australian Farms: A Survey of Landcare and Land Management Related Programmes, Australian Bureau of Agriculture and Resource Economics, Research Report 98.4, Canberra, Australia.

Nieberg, H. and F. Isermeyer (1994), The Use of Agri-environmental Indicators in Agricultural Policy, unpublished paper presented to the OECD Meeting of Experts on Agri-environmental Indicators, Paris, 8-9 December 1994.

Norberg, J. (1999), "Linking nature’s services to ecosystems: some general ecological concepts", Ecological Economics, Vol. 29, No. 2, pp. 183-202.

OECD (1995), Technological Change and Structural Adjustment in OECD Agriculture, Paris, France.

OECD (1997), Environmental Indicators for Agriculture, Volume 1: Concepts and Framework, Paris, France.

OECD (1998a), Agricultural Policy Reform: Stocktaking of Achievements, A discussion paper for the meeting of the OECD Committee for Agriculture at Ministerial level, 5-6 March, Paris, France. Available at: www.oecd.org/agr/ministerial/ [Documentation > Discussion papers for the meeting]

OECD (1998b), Agricultural Policy Reform and the Rural Economy in OECD Countries, Paris, France.

OECD (1998c), The Environmental Effects of Reforming Agricultural Policies, Paris, France.

OECD (1999), Environmental Indicators for Agriculture, Volume 2: Issues and Design — The York Workshop, Paris, France.

OECD (2000), Agricultural Policies in OECD Countries: Monitoring and Evaluation 2000, Paris, France.

Pearce, D. (1999), "Measuring Sustainable Development: Implications for Agri-environmental Indicators", pp. 29-45, in OECD, Environmental Indicators for Agriculture, Volume 2: Issues and Design — The York Workshop, Paris, France.

Schuller, T. (2000), "Social Capital, Human Capital and Sustainable Development", pp. 51-64, in OECD, Frameworks to Measure Sustainable Development, Paris, France.

Smith, C.A.S. and T. McRae (2000), "Understanding and Assessing the Environmental Sustainability of Agriculture", Chapter 2, in T. McRae, C.A.S. Smith and L.J. Gregorich (eds.), Environmental Sustainability of Canadian Agriculture: Report of the Agri-Environmental Indicator Project, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC), Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Available at: www.agr.ca/policy/environment/publications/list.html

Sumelius, J. (1997), Concerns Related to Possibly Effects of Trade Liberalisation on Landscape and Biodiversity in the Nordic Countries, Paper presented at the NJF-seminar on Agriculture, Trade and the Environment, Greve, Denmark, 22-24 May.

Swiss Federal Office of Agriculture (1997), "Switzerland: Government Policy to Stimulate Environmental Benefits", pp. 159-167, in OECD, Helsinki Seminar on Environmental Benefits from Agriculture, Country Case Studies, OECD General Distribution document [OCDE/GD(97)110], Paris, France. Available at: www.oecd.org [Documentation > 1997 > Reference Components > OCDE > OCDE/GD]

Tikof, M. (1997), "Greece: Policy Measures and Practices, and Environmental Benefits from Agriculture", pp. 95-112, in OECD, Helsinki Seminar on Environmental Benefits from Agriculture, Country Case Studies, OECD General Distribution document [OCDE/GD(97)110], Paris, France. Available at: www.oecd.org [Documentation > 1997 > Reference Components > OCDE > OCDE/GD]

Tweeten, L. (1997), Competing for Scarce Land: Food Security and Farmland Preservation, paper presented to the American Agricultural Law Association meeting 17 October at Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States.

USDA [United States Department of Agriculture] (1997), Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators, 1996-97, Agricultural Handbook No. 712, Natural Resources and Environment Division, Economic Research Service, Washington, D.C., United States. Available at: www.ers.usda.gov [Briefing Rooms > Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators]

Webster, P. (1999), "The Challenge of Sustainability at the Farm Level: Presidential Address", Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 50, No. 3, pp. 371-387.

FARM FINANCIAL RESOURCES

Agricultural Council of Australia and New Zealand (1993), Sustainable Agriculture: Tracking the Indicators for Australia and New Zealand, Standing Committee on Agriculture and Resource Management (SCARM), CSIRO Publications, Victoria, Australia.

Ball, E. and R. Nehring (1994), Building a Better Agricultural Productivity Index, Agricultural Outlook AO-205, pp. 2-12.

Beedell, J.D.C. and T. Rehman (1996), "A Meeting of Minds for Farmers and Conservationists? Some Initial Evidence on Attitudes towards Conservation from Bedfordshire", Farm Management, Vol. 9, No. 6, pp. 305-313.

Commonwealth of Australia (1995), Sustaining the Agricultural Resource Base, 12th Meeting of the Prime Minister’s Science and Engineering Council, Office of the Chief Scientist, Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Canberra, Australia.

Commonwealth of Australia (1998), Sustainable Agriculture — Assessing Australia’s Recent Performance, A Report to the Standing Committee on Agriculture and Resource Management (SCARM) of the National Collaborative Project on Indicators for Sustainable Agriculture, SCARM Technical Report No. 70, CSIRO Publishing, Victoria, Australia.

Culver, D. and R. Seecharan (1986), "Factors that influence the adoption of soil conservation technologies", Canadian Farm Economics, Vol. 20, No. 2, pp. 9-13.

EUROSTAT [Statistical Office of the European Communities] (1998), Income of the Agricultural Households Sector, 1997 Report, Luxembourg.

Featherstone, A.M. and T.G. Baker (1988), "Effects of Reduced Price and Income Supports on Farmland Rent and Value", North Central Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 10, pp. 177-190.

Gray, R. (1993), Accounting for the Environment: Green Accounting, Rob Gray with Jan Bebbington and Diane Walters, The Cromwell Press Ltd, Melksham, United Kingdom.

Herriges, J., N.E. Barickman and J.F. Shogren (1992), "The Implicit Value of Corn Base Acreage", American Journal of Agricultural Economics, February, pp. 50-58.

Hrubovcak, J., M.L. Blanc and B.K. Eakin (1995), Accounting for the Environment in Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environment Division, Economic Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Technical Bulletin No. 1847, Washington, D.C., United States.

Hrubovcak, J., U. Vasavada and J.E. Aldy (1999), Green Technologies for a More Sustainable Agriculture, Resource Economics Division, Economic Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Information Bulletin No. 752, Washington, D.C., United States.

Industry Commission (1996), Land Degradation and the Australian Agricultural Industry, Staff Information Paper, Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, Australia.

Lockie, S., A. Mead, F. Vanclay and B. Butler (1995), "Factors Encouraging the Adoption of More Sustainable Crop Rotations in South-East Australia: Profit, Sustainability, Risk and Stability", Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, Vol. 6, No. 1.

MAFF [Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food] (2000), Towards Sustainable Agriculture — A Pilot Set of Indicators, London, United Kingdom. Available at: www.maff.gov.uk [Farming > Sustainable Agriculture]

OECD (1995a), "A Review of Farm Household Incomes in OECD Countries", in OECD, Adjustment in OECD Agriculture: Issues and Policy Responses, Paris, France.

OECD (1995b), A Review of Farm Household Incomes in OECD Countries, General Distribution document [OCDE/GD(95)97], Paris, France. Available at: www.oecd.org [Documentation > 1995 > Reference Components > OCDE > OCDE/GD]

OECD (1997), Economic Accounts for Agriculture — 1997 Edition, Paris, France.

OECD (1998), Agricultural Policy Reform: Stocktaking of Achievements, A discussion paper for the meeting of the OECD Committee for Agriculture at Ministerial level, 5-6 March, Paris, France. Available at: www.oecd.org/agr/ministerial/ [Documentation > Discussion papers for the meeting]

OECD (1999), Distributional Effects of Agricultural Support in Selected OECD Countries, General Distribution document [AGR/CA(99)8/FINAL], Paris, France. Available at: www.oecd.org [Documentation > 1999 > Reference Components > AGR]

OECD (2000), Agricultural Policies in OECD Countries: Monitoring and Evaluation 2000, Paris, France.

Rauniyar, G.P. and W.J. Parker (1996), Constraints to farm level adoption of new sustainable technologies and management practices in New Zealand pastoral agriculture, Research Report by the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Wellington, New Zealand. Available at: www.maf.govt.nz/MAFnet/publications/susconst/constraints.htm

Shadbolt, N.M. (2000), Sustaining Business Growth, Brochure, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Wellington, New Zealand.

Shadbolt, N.M. and A. Stewart (1998), Indicators Of Sustainability For Farming Businesses And Families: An Examination Of The Issues Relating To Land Tenure And Their Effect On Sustainable Management Practices, Policy Publication, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Wellington, New Zealand.

Shadbolt, N.M., S.D. Morriss and T.C. Kelly (1997), Financial indicators of sustainability for farming businesses and families: a conceptual model to relate these indicators to those used for environmental and social sustainability, Policy Publication, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Wellington, New Zealand.

Supalla R.J., R.A. Selly, S. Bredeweg and D. Watts (1995), "Adoption of nitrogen and water management practices to improve water quality", Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, Vol. 50, No. 1, pp. 77-82.

USDA [United States Department of Agriculture] (1997), Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators, 1996-97, Agricultural Handbook No. 712, Natural Resources and Environment Division, Economic Research Service, Washington, D.C., United States. Available at: www.ers.usda.gov [Briefing Rooms > Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators]

FARM MANAGEMENT

Cobb, D., R. Feber, A. Hopkins and L. Stockdale (1998), Organic Farming Study, Global Environmental Change Programme Briefings No. 17, March, University of Sussex, United Kingdom. Available at: www.susx.ac.uk/Units/gec/pubs/briefing/briefs.htm

Commonwealth of Australia (1998), Sustainable Agriculture — Assessing Australia’s Recent Performance, A Report to the Standing Committee on Agriculture and Resource Management (SCARM) of the National Collaborative Project on Indicators for Sustainable Agriculture, SCARM Technical Report No. 70, CSIRO Publishing, Victoria, Australia.

Craik, W. (1998), "Sustainable Agriculture and Pesticide Reduction", in P. Rowland and D. Branford (eds.), Proceedings of the Australian National Pesticide Risk Reduction Workshop, Bureau of Rural Sciences, Department of Primary Industry, Canberra, Australia.

EEA [European Environment Agency] (1998), Europe’s Environment: The Second Assessment, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg. Available at: themes.eea.eu.int [> all available reports]

Fawcett, R.S., B.R. Christiansen and D.P. Tierney (1994), "The Impact of Conservation Tillage on Pesticide Run-off into Surface Water", Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, Vol. 49, No. 2, pp. 126-135.

Fay, F. (1999), "Impact of agri-environment measures", in European Commission, Agriculture, Environment, Rural Development: Facts and Figures — A Challenge for Agriculture, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg. Available at europa.eu.int/comm/dg06/envir/report/en/index.htm

Fernandez-Cornejo, J. and S. Jans (1999), Pest Management in U.S. Agriculture, Agricultural Handbook No. 717, Resource Economics Division, Economic Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Washington D.C., United States. Available at: www.ers.usda.gov [Publications > Inputs and Technology > Fertilizer and Pesticides]

Hau, P. and A. Joaris (1999), "Organic Farming", in European Commission, Agriculture, Environment, Rural Development: Facts and Figures — A Challenge for Agriculture, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg. Available at: europa.eu.int/comm/dg06/envir/report/en/index.htm

Higgins, E. (1998), Whole Farm Planning – A Survey of North American Experiments, Policy Studies Report No. 9, Henry A. Wallace Institute for Alternative Agriculture, Greenbelt, Maryland, United States. Available at: www.hawiaa.org/hawiaa.htm

Hrubovcak, J., U. Vasavada and J.E. Aldy (1999), Green Technologies for a More Sustainable Agriculture, Resource Economics Division, Economic Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Information Bulletin No. 752, Washington, D.C., United States.

Insensee A.R. and A.M. Sadeghi (1993), "Impact of Tillage Practice on Run-off and Pesticide Transport", Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, Vol. 48, No. 6, pp. 523-527.

Jones, A.J., R.A Selley and L.N. Mielke (1990), "Cropping and Tillage Options to Achieve Erosion Control Goals and Maximum Profit on Irregular Slopes", Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, Vol. 45, No. 6, pp. 648-653.

Kim, C.S., H. Taylor, and C. Sandretto (1999), Economic and Environmental Benefits of Soil/Water Nitrogen Testing: The Case of Central Nebraska, paper presented at the Western Agricultural Economics Association Annual Meeting, July 11-14, Fargo, North Dakota, United States.

Macey, A. (ed.) (1992), Organic Field Crop Handbook, Canadian Organic Growers Inc., Ottawa, Canada.

MAFF [Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food] (1991), Code of Good Agricultural Practice for the Protection of Water, London, United Kingdom.

MAFF (1992), Code of Good Agricultural Practice for the Protection of Air, London, United Kingdom.

MAFF (1993), Code of Good Agricultural Practice for the Protection of Soil, London, United Kingdom.

MAFF (2000), Towards Sustainable Agriculture — A Pilot Set of Indicators, London, United Kingdom. Available at: www.maff.gov.uk [Farming > Sustainable Agriculture]

McRae, T., C.A.S. Smith and L.J. Gregorich (eds.) (2000), Environmental Sustainability of Canadian Agriculture: Report of the Agri-Environmental Indicator Project, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC), Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Available at: www.agr.ca/policy/environment/publications/list.html

Mellerowics, K.T., H.W. Rees, T.L. Chow and I. Gnahem (1994), "Soil Conservation at the Watershed Level Using the Universal Soil Loss Equation with GIS and Microcomputer Technologies: A Case Study", Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, Vol. 49, No. 2, pp. 194-200.

Ministry for the Environment (1996), Sustainable Land Management: A Strategy for New Zealand, Wellington, New Zealand.

Mues, C., L. Chapman and R. van Hilst (1998), Promoting Improved Land Management practices on Australian Farms: A Survey of Landcare and Land Management Related Programmes, Australian Bureau of Agriculture and Resource Economics, Research Report 98.4, Canberra, Australia.

OECD (1997), Agriculture, Pesticides and the Environment: Policy Options, Paris, France. This document is accompanied by an OECD General Distribution document: Agriculture, Pesticides and the Environment: Policy Options — Annexes, [OCDE/GD(97)157]. Available at: www.oecd.org [Documentation > 1997 > Reference Components > OCDE > OCDE/GD]

OECD (2000a), Comparing the profitability of organic and conventional farming: The impact of support on arable farming in France, General Distribution document, [ENV/EPOC/GEEI(99)5/FINAL], Paris France. Available at: www.oecd.org [Documentation > 1999 > Reference Components > ENV > ENV/EPOC/GEEI]

OECD (2000b), The effects of support measures on the profitability of organic farming relative to conventional farming: A Case Study for the Netherlands, General Distribution document [ENV/EPOC/GEEI(99)4/FINAL], Paris, France. Available at: www.oecd.org [Documentation > 1999 > Reference Components > ENV > ENV/EPOC/GEEI]

Phillips, D.L., P.D. Harding, V.W. Benson and J.V. Baglio (1993), "Non-point Source Pollution Impacts of Alternative Agricultural Management Practices in Illinois: A Simulation Study", Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, Vol. 48, No. 5, pp. 449-457.

Poiret, M. (1999), Specialised Holdings And More Intensive Practices, in European Commission, Agriculture, Environment, Rural Development: Facts and Figures — A Challenge for Agriculture, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg. Available at: europa.eu.int/comm/dg06/envir/report/en/index.htm

Putman, J. and K. Alt (1987), "Erosion Control: How does it change farm Income?", Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, Vol. 42, No. 4, pp. 265-267.

Swinton, S.M. and E. Day (2000), Economics in the design, assessment, adoption, and policy analysis of I.P.M., Staff Paper 00-02, Department of Agricultural Economics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, United States. Available at: agecon.lib.umn.edu/msu/sp00-02.html

Topp, G.C., K.C. Wires, D.A. Angers, M.R. Carter, J.L.B. Culley, D.A. Holmstrom, B.D. Kay, G.P. Lafond, D.R. Langille, R.A. McBride, G.T. Patterson, E. Perfect, V. Rasiah, A.V. Rodd and K.T. Webb (1995), "Changes in Soil Structure", pp. 51-60, in D.F. Acton and L.J. Gregorich (eds.), The Health of our Soils — Toward sustainable agriculture in Canada, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC), Ottawa, Canada. Available at: www.agr.ca [English > Site Index > Environment and Resource Management]

Uri, N.D. (2000), "Perceptions on the use of no-till farming in production agriculture in the United States: an analysis of survey results", Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, Vol. 77, pp. 263-266.

USDA [United States Department of Agriculture] (1997), Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators, 1996-97, Agricultural Handbook No. 712, Natural Resources and Environment Division, Economic Research Service, Washington, D.C., United States. Available at: www.ers.usda.gov [Briefing Rooms > Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators]

Vandeman, A., J. Fernandez-Cornejo, S. Jans and B. Lin (1994), Adoption of Integrated Pest Management in U.S. Agriculture, Agricultural Handbook No. 707, Economic Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C., United States.

Welsh, R. (1999), The Economics of Organic Grain and Soyabean Production in the Midwestern United States, Policy Studies Report No. 13, Henry A. Wallace Institute for Alternative Agriculture, Greenbelt, Maryland, United States. Available at: www.hawiaa.org/hawiaa.htm

NUTRIENT USE

Abrahams, N.A. and J.S. Shortle (1997), Uncertainty and the Regulation of Nitrate Pollution from Agriculture, Paper presented to the American Agricultural Economics Association Annual Meeting, August, 1997, Toronto, Canada.

ADEME [French Agency for the Environment and Energy Management] (1999), Situation du recyclage agricole des boues d’epuration urbaines en Europe, (only in French "Agricultural Recycling of Urban Sewage Waste in Europe"), October, Angers, France. Available at: www.ademe.fr/htdocs/publications/cataloguedeseditions/catalpha.htm

Agricultural Council of Australia and New Zealand (1993), Sustainable Agriculture: Tracking the Indicators for Australia and New Zealand, Standing Committee on Agriculture and Resource Management (SCARM), CSIRO Publications, Victoria, Australia.

Allanson, P., A. Moxey and B. White (1993), "Measuring Agricultural Non-Point Pollution for River Catchment Planning", Journal of Environmental Management, Vol. 38, pp. 219-232.

Antle, J.M., S.M. Capalbo and S. Mooney (1999), Optimal Spatial Scale for Evaluating Economic and Environmental Tradeoffs, Paper presented to the American Agricultural Economics Association Annual Meeting, August 8-11, 1999, Nashville, Tennessee. Available at: agecon.lib.umn.edu/aaea99/sp99an02.pdf

Bindraban, P.S., J.J. Stoorvogel, D.M. Jansen, J. Vlaming and J.J.R. Groot (1998), Land Quality Indicators for Sustainable Land Management: Yield Gap and Soil Nutrient Balance, paper presented to the 16th Congress of Soil Science, Montpellier France, 22 August, Satellite Symposium — Indicators of Land Quality and Sustainable Land Management, Sponsored by the World Bank.

Bomans, E., L. Vanongeval, H. Vandendriessche and M. Geypens (1996), Development of an Indicator for Agricultural Nutrient Balances for the OECD, Report No: 96/AC/010, prepared by the Soil Service of Belgium, for the Ministry of the Flemish Community; Environment and Infrastructure Department; Environment, Nature, Land and Water Management Administration; Brussels, Belgium.

Bonnieux, F. and P. Rainelli (1997), "Agricultural Use of Sewage Sludge and Municipal Waste and the Environment", Chapter 10, pp. 157-173, in E. Romstad, J.W. Simonsen and A. Vatn (eds.) (1997), Controlling Mineral Emissions in European Agriculture: Economics, Policies and the Environment, CAB International, Wallingford, United Kingdom.

Brouwer, F.M. and W. Kleinhanss (eds.) (1997), The Implementation of Nitrate Policies in Europe: Processes of Change in Environmental Policy and Agriculture, Landwirtschaft und Umwelt, Bd. 14, Wissenschaftsverlag Vauk Kiel KG, Kiel, Germany.

Brouwer, F.M., F.E. Godeschalk, P.J.G.J. Hellegers and H.J. Kelholt (1994), Mineral Balances of the European Union at Farm Level, Agricultural Economics Research Institute, The Hague, The Netherlands.

Brouwer, F.M., P. Hellegers, M. Hoogeveen and H. Luesink (1999), Managing Nitrogen Pollution from Intensive Livestock Production in the EU, Agricultural Economics Research Institute (LEI), The Hague.

Cameron, M. and C. Trenouth (1999), Resource Management Act Practice and Performance -- Are desired environmental outcomes being achieved at least cost? A case study of dairy effluent management, Ministry for the Environment, Wellington, New Zealand.

Cavigelli, M.A., S.R. Deming, L.K. Probyn and R.R. Harwood (eds.) (1998), Michigan Field Crop Ecology: Managing biological processes for productivity and environmental quality, Michigan State University Extension Bulletin E-2646, United States.

Chambers, P. (ed.) (2000), Nutrients and their Impact on the Canadian Environment, Environment Canada, Ottawa, Canada.

Commonwealth of Australia (1995), Sustaining the Agricultural Resource Base, 12th Meeting of the Prime Minister’s Science and Engineering Council, Office of the Chief Scientist, Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Canberra, Australia.

Commonwealth of Australia (1998), Sustainable Agriculture — Assessing Australia’s Recent Performance, A Report to the Standing Committee on Agriculture and Resource Management (SCARM) of the National Collaborative Project on Indicators for Sustainable Agriculture, SCARM Technical Report No. 70, CSIRO Publishing, Victoria, Australia.

Cook, H. and C. Norman (1996), "Targeting Agri-environmental Policy: Analysis relating to the use of Geographical Information Systems", Land Use Policy, Vol. 13, No. 3, pp. 217-228.

Drake, L. (1997), "Policy Implications of Conflict and Consistency Between Nitrogen Leaching and Other Environmental Impacts of Swedish Agriculture", Chapter 15, pp. 249-260, in E. Romstad, J.W. Simonsen and A. Batn (eds.), Controlling Mineral Emissions in European Agriculture: Economics, Policies and the Environment, CAB International, Wallingford, United Kingdom.

Eckert, H., G. Breitschuh and D. Sauerbeck (1999), "Criteria for an Environmentally Compatible Agriculture (KUL) — An Approach to Assessing the Ecological State of Farm Enterprises", Agribiological Research, Vol. 52, No. 1, pp. 57-76.

EEA [European Environment Agency] (1995), Europe’s Environment: The Dobris Assessment, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg. Available at: themes.eea.eu.int [> all available reports]

EEA (2000), Monitoring Progress Towards Integration — A contribution to the "Global Assessment" of the fifth Environmental Action Programme of the EU, 1992-1999, and to the Helsinki process on integration, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg.

Environmental Protection Agency (1999a), Water Quality in Ireland 1995-1997, Wexford, Ireland.

Environmental Protection Agency (1999b), Environment in Focus — A Discussion Document on Key National Environmental Indicators, Wexford, Ireland. Available at: www.epa.ie/pubs/default.htm

European Commission (1999), "Agriculture and Acidification", Chapter 15, in European Commission, Agriculture, Environment, Rural Development: Facts and Figures — A Challenge for Agriculture, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg. Available at: europa.eu.int/comm/dg06/envir/report/en/index.htm

EUROSTAT [Statistical Office of the European Communities] (1996), The Distribution of Nitrogen Inputs to Agriculture, Statistical Document, Luxembourg.

EUROSTAT (1999), Towards Environmental Pressure Indicators for the EU, Environment and Energy Paper Theme 8, Luxembourg. The background documentation is available at: e-m-a-i-l.nu/tepi/ and esl.jrc.it/envind/

Follett, R.F. (1995), Fate and Transport of Nutrients: Nitrogen, Resource Conservation Act (RCA) III, Working Paper No. 7, September, US Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C., United States.

Galloway, J.N. (1998), "The Global Nitrogen Cycle: Changes and Consequences", pp. 15-24, in K.W. van der Hoek, J.W. Erisman and S. Smeulders (eds.), Proceedings of the First International Nitrogen Conference, 23-27 March 1998, Noordwijkerhout, The Netherlands, Elsevier Press, Amsterdam.

Ghosh, B.C. and R. Bhat (1998), "Environmental Hazards of Nitrogen Loading in Wetland Rice Fields", pp. 123-132, in K.W. van der Hoek, J.W. Erisman and S. Smeulders (eds.), Proceedings of the First International Nitrogen Conference, 23-27 March 1998, Noordwijkerhout, The Netherlands, Elsevier Press, Amsterdam.

Hamblin, A. (1998), Environmental Indicators for National State of the Environment Reporting — The Land, Australia: State of the Environment (Environmental Indicator Reports), Department of the Environment, Canberra, Australia. Available at: www.environment.gov.au/soe/ [Environmental Indicators > Land under "Environmental Indicator Reports"]

Hooper, S., A. Heaney and S. Gordon (2000), "Phosphorus nutrition in Australian agriculture", Australian Commodities, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 341-347.

International Fertiliser Industry Association (1998), Mineral Fertiliser Use and the Environment, International Fertiliser Industry Association and the United Nations Environment Programme, Paris, France.

Lankoski, J. (1996), Controlling Agricultural Nonpoint Source Pollution: The Case of Mineral Balances, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Discussion Papers No. 116, June, Geneva, Switzerland.

Ledgard, S.F., P.H. Williams, F.D. Broom, B.S. Thorrold, D.M. Wheeler and V.J. Willis (1999), "OVERSEERTM — A nutrient budgeting model for pastoral farming: wheat, potatoes, apples and kiwifruit", pp. 143-152, in L.D. Currie, M. J. Hedley, D. J. Horne and P. Lognathan (eds.), Best soil management practices for production, Occasional report No. 12, FLRC, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand.

Lekkerkerk, L.J.A., G.J. Heij and M.J.M. Hootsmans (eds.) (1995), Dutch Priority Programme on Acidification. Ammonia: The Facts, Report No. 300-06, Informatie en Kennis Centrum Landbouw, The Hague, The Netherlands.

Lord, E. (1999), "A Modelling Framework for Evaluating Nitrate Losses at National and Catchment Scales", pp. 48-56, in MAFF [Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food], Tackling Nitrate from Agriculture — Strategy from Science, London, United Kingdom.

MacDonald, K.B. (2000), "Residual Nitrogen", Chapter 16, in T. McRae, C.A.S. Smith and L.J. Gregorich (eds.), Environmental Sustainability of Canadian Agriculture: Report of the Agri-Environmental Indicator Project, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC), Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Available at: www.agr.ca/policy/environment/publications/list.html

MAFF [Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food] (2000), Towards Sustainable Agriculture — A Pilot Set of Indicators, London, United Kingdom. Available at: www.maff.gov.uk [Farming > Sustainable Agriculture]

Meudt, M. (1999), "Implementation of Environmental Indicators in Policy Information Systems in Germany", Chapter 15, pp. 229-245, in F. Brouwer and B. Crabtree (eds.), Environmental Indicators and Agricultural Policy, CAB International, Wallingford, United Kingdom.

Ministry for the Environment (1997), Environmental Performance Indicators: Proposals for Air, Freshwater and Land, Ministry for the Environment, Wellington, New Zealand.

OECD (1998a), The Environmental Effects of Reforming Agricultural Policies, Paris, France.

OECD (1998b), Environmental Performance Reviews: Korea, Paris, France.

OECD (2000), OECD National Soil Surface Nitrogen Balances: Preliminary Estimates 1985-1997, Paris, France. Available at: www.oecd.org/agr/

Oppenshaw, S. (1984), The Modifiable Areal Unit Problem, Concepts And Techniques, in Modern Geography 38, Norwich, Geo Books, United Kingdom.

OSPARCOM [Oslo and Paris Conventions for the Prevention of Marine Pollution Commission] (1994), OSPARCOM Guidelines for Calculating Mineral Balances, Working Group on Nutrients, NUT 94/8/1-E, Berne, Switzerland. Details on the OSPARCOM are available at: www.ospar.org/eng/html/welcome.html

Pirttijarvi, R., S. Rekolainen and J. Gronroos (1999), "Nutrient Balances and the Implementation of Agricultural Policy Measures in Finland", Chapter 13, pp. 193-209, in F. Brouwer and B. Crabtree (eds.), Environmental Indicators and Agricultural Policy, CAB International, Wallingford, United Kingdom.

Reinhard, S. (1999), Econometric analysis of economic and environmental efficiency of Dutch dairy farms, Wageningen Agricultural University, Wageningen, The Netherlands. Available at: www2.lei.dlo.nl/LEI-home.html

Romstad, E, J.W. Simonsen and A. Vatn (eds.) (1997a), Controlling Mineral Emissions in European Agriculture: Economics, Policies and the Environment, CAB International, Wallingford, United Kingdom.

Romstad, E., A. Vatn, L. Bakken and P. Botterweg (1997b), "Economics-Ecology Modelling: the Case of Nitrogen", pp. 225-249, in E. Romstad, J.W. Simonsen and A. Vatn (eds.), Controlling Mineral Emissions in European Agriculture: Economics, Policies and the Environment, CAB International, Wallingford, United Kingdom.

Sapek, A. (ed.) (1999a), Nitrogen Cycle and Balance in Polish Agriculture, Conference Proceedings, Poland Agriculture and Water Quality Protection, Institute for Land Reclamation and Grassland Farming, Falenty IMUZ Publisher, Warsaw, Poland.

Sapek, A. (1999b), "Phosphorus cycle in Polish Agriculture", pp. 8-18, in A. Sapek (ed.), Phosphorus in Agriculture and Water Quality Protection, Conference Proceedings, Institute for Land Reclamation and Grassland Farming, Falenty IMUZ Publisher, Warsaw, Poland.

Schleef, K.H. and W. Kleinhanb (1994), Mineral Balances in Agriculture in the EU, Institute of Farm Economics, Federal Agricultural Research Centre, Braunschweig, Germany.

Shaffer, M.J. (1995), Fate and Transport of Nitrogen — What Models Can and Cannot Do, Resource Conservation Act (RCA) III, Working Paper No. 11, September, US Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C., United States.

Sharpley, A. (1995), Fate and Transport of Nutrients — Phosphorus, Resource Conservation Act (RCA) III, Working Paper No. 8, October, US Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C, United States.

Sharpley, A. (ed.) (2000), "Practical and Innovative Measures for the Control of Agricultural Phosphorus Losses to Water", Journal of Environmental Quality, Vol. 29, No. 1.

Simonsen, J.W. (ed.) (1996), Inventory on Mineral Pollution from Agriculture, EU concerted action "Policy measures to control environmental impacts from agriculture"(AIR3CT93-1164), Norwegian Agricultural Research Institute, Oslo, Norway.

Slak, M.F., L. Commagnac and S. Lucas (1998), "Feasibility of National Nitrogen Balances", pp. 235-240, in K.W. van der Hoek, J.W. Erisman and S. Smeulders (eds.), Proceedings of the First International Nitrogen Conference, 23-27 March 1998, Noordwijkerhout, The Netherlands, Elsevier Press, Amsterdam.

Statistics Finland (1999), Finland’s Natural Resources and the Environment 1999, Ministry of the Environment, Helsinki, Finland.

UK Department of the Environment (1996), Indicators of Sustainable Development for the United Kingdom, London, United Kingdom. Available at: www.environment.detr.gov.uk [> Indicators of Sustainable Development for the UK]

United States Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry (1997), Animal Waste Pollution in America: An Emerging National Problem — Environmental Risks of Livestock and Poultry Production, Report compiled by the Minority Staff of the US Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry for Senator Tom Harkin, Washington, D.C., United States. Available at: www.senate.gov/~agriculture/animalw.htm

USDA [United States Department of Agriculture] (1994), Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators, Agricultural Handbook No. 705, Natural Resources and Environment Division, Economic Research Service, Washington, D.C., United States. Available at: www.ers.usda.gov [Briefing Rooms > Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators]

USDA (1997), Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators, 1996-97, Agricultural Handbook No. 712, Natural Resources and Environment Division, Economic Research Service, Washington, D.C, United States. Available at: www.ers.usda.gov [Briefing Rooms > Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators]

van der Hoek, K.W., J.W. Erisman and S. Smeulders (eds.) (1998), Proceedings of the First International Nitrogen Conference, 23-27 March 1998, Noordwijkerhout, The Netherlands, Elsevier Press, Amsterdam.

van Eerdt, M.M. and P.K.N. Fong (1998), "The Monitoring of Nitrogen Surpluses from Agriculture", pp. 227-233, in K.W. van der Hoek, J.W. Erisman and S. Smeulders (eds.), Proceedings of the First International Nitrogen Conference, 23-27 March 1998, Noordwijkerhout, The Netherlands, Elsevier Press, Amsterdam.

World Bank (1997), Expanding the Measure of Wealth — Indicators of Environmentally Sustainable Development, Environmentally Sustainable Development Studies and Monographs Series, No. 17, Washington, D.C., United States.

PESTICIDE USE AND RISKS

Avery, D.T. (1995), Saving the Planet with Pesticides and Plastic, Hudson Institute, Indianapolis, Indiana, United States.

Barnard, C., S. Daberkow, M. Padgitt, M.E. Smith and N.D. Uri (1997), "Alternative measures of pesticide use", The Science of the Total Environment, No. 203, pp. 229-244.

British Agrochemicals Association (1994), Annual Review and Handbook 1994, Peterborough, United Kingdom.

Brouwer, F.M., I.J. Terluin and F.E. Godeschalk (1994), Pesticides in the EC, Agricultural Economics Research Institute, The Hague, The Netherlands.

Centre for Agriculture and the Environment (1999), Comparing Environmental Risk Indicators for Pesticides, Results of the European Concerted Action on Pesticide Environmental Risk (CAPER) Project, Centre for Agriculture and Environment (CLM) Report No. 426, Utrecht, The Netherlands. A summary is available at: www.clm.nl/index_uk2.html

Clausen, H. (1998), Ændringer i bekæmpelesmidlernes egenskaber fra 1981-1985 frem til 1996 (only in Danish "Changes in the properties of pesticides from 1981-1985 to 1996"), Faglig rapport fra DMU, nr. 223, Miljø- og Energiministeriet, Danmarks Miljøundersøgelser.

Commonwealth of Australia (1995), Sustaining the Agricultural Resource Base, 12th Meeting of the Prime Minister’s Science and Engineering Council, Office of the Chief Scientist, Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Canberra, Australia.

Commonwealth of Australia (1998), Sustainable Agriculture — Assessing Australia’s Recent Performance, A Report to the Standing Committee on Agriculture and Resource Management (SCARM) of the National Collaborative Project on Indicators for Sustainable Agriculture, SCARM Technical Report No. 70, CSIRO Publishing, Victoria, Australia.

ECNC [European Centre for Nature Conservation] (2000), Agri-environmental Indicators for Sustainable Agriculture in Europe, Final Project Report, Tilburg, The Netherlands. Available at: www.ecnc.nl/doc/projects/elisa.html

EEA [European Environment Agency] (1995), Europe’s Environment: The Dobris Assessment, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg. Available at: themes.eea.eu.int [> all available reports]

EEA (1998), Europe’s Environment: The Second Assessment, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg. Available at: themes.eea.eu.int [> all available reports]

European Commission (1999a), Agriculture, Environment, Rural Development: Facts and Figures — A Challenge for Agriculture, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg. Available at: europa.eu.int/comm/dg06/envir/report/en/index.htm

European Commission (1999b), Monitoring for Pesticide Residues in Products of Plant Origin, in the European Union and Norway — Report 1997, Report of the EU Standing Committee on Plant Health. Available at: europa.eu.int/comm/dg24/ [Food of non-animal origin > Pesticides > Monitoring reports > 1997]

EUROSTAT [Statistical Office of the European Communities] (1998), Pesticide Use in the EU, Statistics in Focus Environment, No. 3, Luxembourg.

EUROSTAT (1999), Towards Environmental Pressure Indicators for the EU, Environment and Energy Paper Theme 8, Luxembourg. The background documentation is available at: e-m-a-i-l.nu/tepi/ and esl.jrc.it/envind/

Falconer, C. (1998), Classification of Pesticides According to Environmental Impact, Final Report to the UK Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, RSPB, Centre for Rural Economy, Department of Agricultural Economics and Food Marketing, University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, United Kingdom.

Fernandez-Cornejo, J. and S. Jans (1999), Pest Management in U.S. Agriculture, Agricultural Handbook No. 717, Resource Economics Division, Economic Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Washington D.C., United States. Available at: www.ers.usda.gov [Publications > Inputs and Technology > Fertilizer and Pesticides]

Gebbie, D. (1998), "Chemical Issues in International Trade", pp. 11-19, in P. Rowland and D. Bradford (eds.), Proceedings of the Australian National Pesticide Risk Reduction Workshop, Bureau of Rural Sciences, Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Canberra, Australia.

Gutsche, V. and D. Rossberg (1997a), "SYNOPS 1.1: a model to assess and to compare the environmental risk potential of active ingredients in plant protection products", Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, Vol. 64, No. 2, pp. 181-188.

Gutsche, V. and D. Rossberg (1997b), "Die Anwendung des Modells SYNOPS 1.2 zur synoptischen Bewertung des Risikopotentials von Pflanzenschutzmittelwirkstoffgruppen für den Naturhaushalt" (only in German "The use of the SYNOPS 1.2 model for the evaluation of the environmental risk potential of the active ingredients of pesticides"), Nachrichtenbl, Deut, Pflanzenschutzd, Vol. 49, No. 11, pp. 273-285.

Gutsche, V. and D. Rossberg (2000), "Bewertung von Pflanzenschutz — Strategien mittels Riskoindikatoren", (only in German "Evaluation of pesticides — strategies with risk indicators), Mittelungen Biologishe Bundesanst Land-Forstwirtsch, Berlin-Dahlem (in print).

Gyldenkærne, S. (1997), Udvikling i den direkte toksikologiske belastning fra pesticider overfor pattedyr, fugle, bier og vandlevende organismer i perioden 1982/85-1995 (only in Danish "Trends in direct toxicity load from pesticides to mammals, birds, bees and aquatic organisms from 1982/85 to 1995"), Statens Planteavlsforsøg Rapport 11: pp. 63-65, Danmarks.

Hamblin, A. (1998), Environmental Indicators for National State of the Environment Reporting — The Land, Australia: State of the Environment (Environmental Indicator Reports), Department of the Environment, Canberra, Australia. Available at: www.environment.gov.au/soe/ [Environmental Indicators > Land under "Environmental Indicator Reports"]

Holland, P and A. Rahman (1999), Review of Trends in Agricultural Pesticide Use in New Zealand, MAF Policy Technical Paper 99/11, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Wellington, New Zealand. Available at: 203.97.170.4/MAFnet/index.htm [Site A-Z > T > Technical Papers]

IFEN [Institut français de l’environnement] (1998), Les pesticides dans les eaux (only in French "Pesticides in Water"), Etudes et Travaux nº 19, IFEN, Orléans, France. Available at: www.ifen.fr/pestic/pestic.htm

Kellogg, R.L., R. Nehring, A. Grube, S. Plotkin, D.W. Goss and S. Wallace (1999), Trends in the Potential for Environmental Risk from Pesticide Loss from Farm Fields, poster presentation for the State of North America’s Private Land, January, 19-21, Chicago, Illinois, United States.

MAFF [Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food] (1998), Developing a Set of Indicators for Sustainable Agriculture in the United Kingdom, Consultation Document, London, United Kingdom.

MAFF (2000), Towards Sustainable Agriculture — A Pilot Set of Indicators, London, United Kingdom. Available at: www.maff.gov.uk [Farming > Sustainable Agriculture]

Mano, S. and M.O. Andreae (1994), "Emission of Methyl Bromide from Biomass Burning", Science, Vol. 263, pp. 1255-56, 4 March.

Oberthur, S. (1997), Production and Consumption of Ozone Depleting Substances 1986-1995, Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit, Berlin, Germany.

OECD (1997), Agriculture, Pesticides and the Environment: Policy Options, Paris, France. This document is accompanied by an OECD General Distribution document: Agriculture, Pesticides and the Environment: Policy Options — Annexes [OCDE/GD(97)157]. Available at: www.oecd.org [Documentation > 1997 > Reference Components > OCDE > OCDE/GD]

OECD (1998), The Environmental Effects of Reforming Agricultural Policies, Paris, France.

OECD (1999), OECD Survey on the Collection and Use of Agricultural Pesticide Sales Data: Survey Results, General Distribution document [ENV/JM/MONO(99)1], Paris, France. Available at: www.oecd.org/ehs/ [Publication > Pesticides]

OECD (2000), Report of the OECD Pesticide Aquatic Risk Indicators Expert Group, Paris, France. Available at: www.oecd.org/ehs/ [Publication > Pesticides]

Oskam, A. and R. Vijftigschild (1999), "Towards Environmental Pressure Indicators for Pesticide Impacts", Chapter 11, pp. 157-176, in F. Brouwer and B. Crabtree (eds.), Environmental Indicators and Agricultural Policy, CAB International, Wallingford, United Kingdom.

Pearce, D. and R. Tinch (1998), "The True Price of Pesticides", Chapter 3, pp. 50-93, in W. Vorley and D. Keeney (eds.) Bugs in the System — Redesigning the Pesticide Industry for Sustainable Agriculture, Earthscan Publications Ltd, London, United Kingdom.

Rayment, M., H. Bartram and J. Curtoys (1998), Pesticide Taxes — A Discussion Paper, Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, Sandy, United Kingdom.

UK Department of the Environment (1996), Indicators of Sustainable Development for the United Kingdom, London, United Kingdom. Available at: www.environment.detr.gov.uk [> Indicators of Sustainable Development for the UK]

UNEP [United Nations Environment Programme] (1999), Methyl Bromide Phase-out Strategies: A Global Compilation of Laws and Regulations, Nairobi, Kenya. Available at: www.uneptie.org/ozonaction.html [Sector-specific Information > Methyl Bromide > Policy Information]

USDA [United States Department of Agriculture] (1994), Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators, Agricultural Handbook No. 705, Natural Resources and Environment Division, Economic Research Service, Washington, D.C., United States. Available at: www.ers.usda.gov [Briefing Rooms > Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators]

USDA (1997), Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators, 1996-97, Agricultural Handbook No. 712, Natural Resources and Environment Division, Economic Research Service, Washington, D.C., United States. Available at: www.ers.usda.gov [Briefing Rooms > Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators]

USGS [United States Geological Survey] (1999), The Quality of Our Nation’s Waters — Nutrients and Pesticides, USGS Circular 1225, Washington, D.C., United States. Available at: water.usgs.gov/pubs/circ/circ1225/

WWF [World Wildlife Fund] (1992), Pesticide Reduction Programmes in Denmark, the Netherlands, and Sweden, International Research Report, November, Gland, Switzerland.

WATER USE

Blue Plan Regional Activity Centre (1997), Water in the Mediterranean Region, Situations, Perspectives and Strategies for Sustainable Water Resources Management, prepared for the Euro-Mediterranean Conference on Local Water Management held in Marseilles on 25-26 November 1996, Sophia-Antipolis, France.

Commonwealth of Australia (1998), Sustainable Agriculture — Assessing Australia’s Recent Performance, A Report to the Standing Committee on Agriculture and Resource Management (SCARM) of the National Collaborative Project on Indicators for Sustainable Agriculture, SCARM Technical Report No. 70, CSIRO Publishing, Victoria, Australia.

Coote, D.R. and L.J. Gregorich (eds.) (2000), The Health of our water — Toward sustainable agriculture in Canada, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC), Ottawa, Canada. Available at: www.agr.ca [English > Site Index > Environment and Resource Management]

EEA [European Environment Agency] (1995), Europe’s Environment: The Dobris Assessment, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg. Available at: themes.eea.eu.int [> all available reports]

FAO [United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation] (1994), Water for Life, World Food Day, Rome, Italy.

Gleick, P.H. (2000), "The Changing Water Paradigm: A look at twenty-first century water resources development", Water International, Vol. 25, No. 1, pp. 127-138. Available at: www.iwra.siu.edu/win/ [> Archives of Contents]

Hearn, A.B. (1998), Summer Rains on Vertisol Plains: a Review of Cotton Irrigation Research in Australia, paper given to "Water is Gold" Conference, National Conference and Exhibition Centre, Irrigation Association, Brisbane, Australia.

INAG [Instituto Nacional da Água] (1995), Water Resources in Mainland Portugal and its Use (only in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal.

MAFF [Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food] (2000), Towards Sustainable Agriculture — A Pilot Set of Indicators, London, United Kingdom. Available at: www.maff.gov.uk [Farming > Sustainable Agriculture]

OECD (1973), Guide to the Economic Evaluation of Irrigation Projects, Paris, France.

OECD (1997a), Environmental Performance Reviews: Spain, Paris, France.

OECD (1997b), Water Subsidies and the Environment, General Distribution document [OCDE/GD(97)220], Paris, France. Available at: www.oecd.org [Documentation > 1997 > Reference Components > OCDE > OCDE/GD]

OECD (1998a), The Sustainable Management of Water in Agriculture: Issues and Policies — The Athens Workshop, Paris, France.

OECD (1998b), OECD Workshop on the Sustainable Management of Water in Agriculture: Issues and Policies — The Athens Workshop: Case Studies, General Distribution document [COM/AGR/CA/ENV/EPOC(98)87], Paris, France. Available at: www.oecd.org [Documentation > 1998 > Reference Components > COM]

OECD (1998c), Water Management: Performance and Challenges in OECD Countries, Paris, France.

OECD (1998d), Towards Sustainable Development: Environmental Indicators, Paris, France.

OECD (1999a), The Price of Water — Trends in OECD Countries, Paris, France.

OECD (1999b), Agricultural Water Pricing in OECD Countries, General Distribution document [ENV/EPOC/GEEI(98)11/FINAL], Paris, France. Available at: www.oecd.org [Documentation > 1998 > Reference Components > ENV > ENV/EPOC/GEEI]

OECD (1999c), Industrial Water Pricing in OECD Countries, General Distribution document [ENV/EPOC/GEEI(98)10/FINAL], Paris, France. Available at: www.oecd.org [Documentation > 1998 > Reference Components > ENV > ENV/EPOC/GEEI]

OECD (1999d), Household Water Pricing in OECD Countries, General Distribution document [ENV/EPOC/GEEI(98)12/FINAL], Paris, France. Available at: www.oecd.org [Documentation > 1998 > Reference Components > ENV > ENV/EPOC/GEEI]

OECD (2000), Environmental Performance Reviews: Hungary, Paris, France.

Pimentel, D., J. Houwer, E. Preiss, O. White, H. Fang, L. Mesnick, T. Barsky, S. Tariche, J. Schreck and S. Alpert (1997), "Water Resources: Agriculture, the Environment, and Society — An Assessment of the Status of Water Resources", BioScience, Vol. 47, No. 2, pp. 97-106.

Postel, S. (1999), "When the World’s Wells Run Dry", pp. 30-38, World Watch Magazine, September/October, Worldwatch Institute, Washington, D.C., United States. Available at: www.worldwatch.org/mag/1999/99-5.html

Redaud, J. L. (1998), "Indicators to Measure the Impact of Agriculture on Water Use: Pricing and Cost of Water Services", pp. 81-109, in OECD, The Sustainable Management of Water in Agriculture: Issues and Policies — The Athens Workshop, Paris, France.

UN [United Nations] (1997), Comprehensive Assessment of the Freshwater Resources of the World, Department for Policy Coordination and Sustainable Development, New York, United States.

USDA [United States Department of Agriculture] (1997), Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators, 1996-97, Agricultural Handbook No. 712, Natural Resources and Environment Division, Economic Research Service, Washington, D.C., United States. Available at: www.ers.usda.gov [Briefing Rooms > Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators]

SOIL QUALITY

Abler, D.G. (1996), The Environmental Impacts of Agro-environmental Policies: An International Comparison, Report, prepared for the Natural Resources and Environment Division, Economic Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, March, Washington, D.C., United States.

Acton, D.F. and L.J. Gregorich (eds.) (1995), The Health of our soils — Toward Sustainable Agriculture in Canada, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa, Canada. Available at: www.agr.ca [English > Research and Technology > Scientists > Achievements and Highlights]

Bomans, E., L. Vanongeval, H. Vandendriessche and M. Geypens (1996), Development of an Agricultural Soil Quality Indicator, Ministry of The Flemish Community, Environment and Infrastructure Department, Environment, Nature, Land and Water Management Administration, Brussels, Belgium.

Cameron, K.C., M.H. Beare, R.G. McLaren and H. Di (1998), Selecting physical, chemical, and biological indicators of soil quality for degraded or polluted soils, Symposium at the 16th World Congress of Soil Science Montpellier, August 1998.

Cameron, K.C., I.S. Comforth, R.G. McLaren, M.H. Beare, L.R. Basher, A.K. Metherell and L.E. Kerr (1996), Soil Quality Indicators for Sustainable Agriculture in New Zealand: Proceedings of a Workshop, Lincoln Soil Quality Research Centre, Lincoln University, New Zealand.

Campbell, A. (2000), "A Future Australian Landscape Without Sheep", in A. Hamblin (ed.), Visions of Future Landscapes, Proceedings of the Australian Academy of Science Fenner Conference on the Environment 2-5 May 1999, Canberra, Bureau of Rural Sciences, Canberra, Australia (in press). Details on the Conference are available at: www.brs.gov.au [Resources > Publications > Conference Proceedings]

Castro, J. and F. Reckendorf (1995), Effects of Sediment on the Aquatic Environment, Resource Conservation Act (RCA) III, Working Paper No. 6, Natural Resources Conservation Service, US Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C., United States.

Cavigelli, M.A., S.R. Deming, L.K. Probyn and R.R. Harwood (eds.) (1998), Michigan Field Crop Ecology: Managing biological processes for productivity and environmental quality, Michigan State University Extension Bulletin E-2646, United States.

Commonwealth of Australia (1995), Sustaining the Agricultural Resource Base, 12th Meeting of the Prime Minister’s Science and Engineering Council, Office of the Chief Scientist, Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Canberra, Australia.

Commonwealth of Australia (1998), Sustainable Agriculture — Assessing Australia’s Recent Performance, A Report to the Standing Committee on Agriculture and Resource Management (SCARM) of the National Collaborative Project on Indicators for Sustainable Agriculture, SCARM Technical Report No. 70, CSIRO Publishing, Victoria, Australia.

Council on Environmental Quality (1997), Environmental Quality 1994-95 Report, 25th Report of the United States Council on Environmental Quality, Washington, D.C., United States. Available at: www.whitehouse.gov/CEQ/ [News & Information > Publications]

Dick, R.P. (1997), "Soil enzyme activities as integrative indicators of soil health", pp. 121-156, in C. Pankhurst and V.V.S.R. Gupta (eds.), Biological Indicators of Soil Health, CAB International, New York, United States.

Doran, J. (1996), "The International Situation and Criteria for Indicators", Chapter 7, pp. 20-39, in K.C. Cameron, I.S. Comforth, R.G. McLaren, M.H. Beare, L.R. Basher, A.K. Metherell and L.E. Kerr, Soil Quality Indicators for Sustainable Agriculture in New Zealand: Proceedings of a Workshop, Lincoln Soil Quality Research Centre, Lincoln University, New Zealand.

EEA [European Environment Agency] (1995), Europe’s Environment: The Dobris Assessment, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg. Available at: themes.eea.eu.int [> all available reports]

EEA (1998), Europe’s Environment: The Second Assessment, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg. Available at: themes.eea.eu.int [> all available reports]

FAO [United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation] (1996), Land Quality Indicators and Their Use in Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Development, FAO Land Water Bulletin No. 5, Rome, Italy. Available at: www.fao.org/docrep/W4745E/W4745E00.htm

Frielinghaus, M., H. Petelkau, D. Deumlich, R. Funk, L. Muller and B. Winnige (1999), Soil indicator system to minimise the risk of soil degradation in Northeastern Germany. Proceedings of the 10th International Soil Conservation Conference — "Sustaining the Global Farm", West Lafayette, Indiana, United States.

Frielinghaus, M and H.R. Bork (2000), "Soil and Water Conservation in the Former East Germany", Chapter 22, pp. 343-362 in T.L. Napier, S.M. Hapier and J. Tvrdon (eds.), Soil and Water Conservation Policies and Programs — Successes and Failures, Soil and Water Conservation Society, CRC Press, London, United Kingdom.

Goebel, J.J., M.J. Mausbach and D.L. Karlen (1997), Using the National Resources Inventory as a framework to assess soil erosion, soil conservation and soil quality, paper presented to the 23rd Study Group on Food and Agricultural Statistics in Europe, UNECE/FAO/EUROSTAT/OECD, 2-3 July, Geneva, Switzerland.

Gretton, P. and U. Salma (1997), "Land degradation: links to agricultural output and profitability", The Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Vol. 41, No. 2, pp. 209-225.

Hamblin, A. (1998), Environmental Indicators for National State of the Environment Reporting — The Land, Australia: State of the Environment (Environmental Indicator Reports), Department of the Environment, Canberra, Australia. Available at: www.environment.gov.au/soe/ [Environmental Indicators > Land under "Environmental Indicator Reports"]

Hungarian Ministry of Agriculture (1994), Soil Conservation in Hungary, Department of Agro-environmental Management in the Ministry of Agriculture, Budapest, Hungary.

IFEN [Institut français de l’environnement] (1997), Agriculture et environnement: les indicateurs (only in French, "Agriculture and the Environment: Indicators"), édition 1997-1998, Orléans, France. Available at: www.ifen.fr [> Publications]

Industry Commission (1996), Land Degradation and the Australian Agricultural Industry, Staff Information Paper, Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, Australia.

Italian Ministry of Environment (1993), Report on the State of the Environment in Italy, Istituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato, Rome, Italy.

Jaenicke, E.C. (1998), From the Ground Up : Exploring Soil Quality's Contribution to Environmental Health, Policy Studies Report No. 10, Henry A. Wallace Institute for Alternative Agriculture, Greenbelt, Maryland, United States.

Kennedy, A.C. and K.L. Smith (1995), "Soil microbial diversity and the sustainability of agricultural soils", Plant and Soil, No. 170, pp. 75-86.

Kim, K., B.L. Barham and I. Coxhead (1998), The Evolution of Agricultural Soil Quality: A Methodology for measurement and some land market implications, paper presented at the American Agricultural Economics Association Annual Meeting, Salt Lake City, Utah, United States. Available at: agecon.lib.umn.edu/aaea98/spkimk01.pdf

Lobb, D.A. and M.J. Lindstrom (1999), Tillage Translocation and Tillage Erosion, Manitoba Soil Science Meetings, Poster Presentation, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, February 2-3.

MAFF [Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food] (2000), Towards Sustainable Agriculture — A Pilot Set of Indicators, London, United Kingdom. Available at: www.maff.gov.uk [Farming > Sustainable Agriculture]

McRae, T., C.A.S. Smith and L.J. Gregorich (eds.) (2000), Environmental Sustainability of Canadian Agriculture: Report of the Agri-Environmental Indicator Project, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC), Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Available at: www.agr.ca/policy/environment/publications/list.html

Ministry for the Environment (1997), Environmental Performance Indicators: Proposals for Air, Freshwater and Land, Wellington, New Zealand.

Mitchell, P.D., P.G. Lakshminarayan, T. Otake and B.A. Babcock (1996), The Impact of Soil Conservation Policies on Carbon Sequestration in Agricultural Soils of the Central United States, Working Paper 96-WP 170, Center for Agriculture and Rural Development (CARD), Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, United States.

OECD (1992), Environmental Policies in Turkey, Paris, France.

OECD (1993a), Environmental Performance Reviews: Iceland, Paris, France.

OECD (1993b), Environmental Performance Reviews: Portugal, Paris, France.

OECD (1996), Environmental Performance Reviews: New Zealand, Paris, France.

OECD (1997), Environmental Performance Reviews: Spain, Paris, France.

OFEFP [Office fédéral de l’environnement, des forêts et du paysage] (1994), The State of the Environment in Switzerland, Report on the Environment 1993, Berne, Switzerland.

Puustinen, M. (1999), Viljelymenetelmien vaikutus pintaeroosioon ja ravinteiden huuhtoutumiseen (Effect of soil tillage on surface erosion and nutrient transport: in Finnish with English abstract), Suomen ympäristö 285, Suomen ympäristökeskus (The Finnish Environment 285, Finnish Environment Institute), Helsinki, Finland.

Rekolainen, S. and R. Leek (eds.) (1996), Regionalisation of erosion and nitrate losses from agricultural land in Nordic countries, Nordic Council of Ministers, Stockholm, Sweden.

Ridley, A.M. and R. Joffre (2000), "The Iberian dehesa: Unrealistic parkland or practical solution?", in A. Hamblin (ed.), Visions of Future Landscapes, Proceedings of the Australian Academy of Science Fenner Conference on the Environment 2-5 May 1999, Canberra, Bureau of Rural Sciences, Canberra, Australia (in press). Available at: www.brs.gov.au [Resources > Publications > Conference Proceedings]

Rubio, J.L. and E. Bochet (1998), "Desertification indicators as diagnosis criteria for desertification risk assessment in Europe", Journal of Arid Environments, Vol. 39, pp. 113-120.

Schouten, A.J., L. Brussaard, P.C. de Ruiter, H. Siepel and N.M. van Straalen (1997), Een indicatorsysteem voor life support functies van de bodem in reatie tot biodiversiteit (An indicator system for the life support functions of the soil in relation to biodiversity: in Dutch with English Summary), RIVM Report 712910005, the Netherlands Institute of Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, The Netherlands.

Schouten, A.J., A.M. Breure, J. Bloem, W. Didden, P.C. de Ruiter and H. Siepel (1999), Life support functies van de bodem: operationalisering t.b.v. het biodiversiteitsbeleid (Life support functions of the soil: Operationalisation for biodiversity policy: in Dutch with English Summary), RIVM Report 607601003, the Netherlands Institute of Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, The Netherlands.

UK Department of the Environment (1996), Indicators of Sustainable Development for the United Kingdom, London, United Kingdom. Available at: www.environment.detr.gov.uk [> Indicators of Sustainable Development for the UK]

USDA [United States Department of Agriculture] (1994), Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators, Agricultural Handbook No. 705, Natural Resources and Environment Division, Economic Research Service, Washington, D.C., United States. Available at: www.ers.usda.gov [Briefing Rooms > Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators]

USDA (1995), National Resources Inventory, A Summary of Natural Resource Trends in the U.S. Between 1982 and 1992, Natural Resources Conservation Service, Washington, D.C., United States.

USDA (1996), America’s Private Land — A Geography of Hope, Natural Resources Conservation Service, Washington, D.C., United States. Available at: www.nrcs.usda.gov [> Geography of Hope under "Features"]

USDA (1997), Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators, 1996-97, Agricultural Handbook No. 712, Natural Resources and Environment Division, Economic Research Service, Washington, D.C., United States. Available at: www.ers.usda.gov [Briefing Rooms > Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators]

Valpasvuo-Jaatinen, P., S. Rekolainen and H. Latostenmaa (1997), "Finnish Agriculture and its Sustainability: Environmental Impacts", Ambio, Vol. 26, No. 7, pp. 448-455.

Wischmeier, W.H. and D.D. Smith (1978), Predicting rainfall erosion losses — A guide to conservation planning, Agricultural Handbook No. 537, US Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C., United States.

WATER QUALITY

Black, P.E. (1995), "The critical role of ‘unused’ resources", Water Resources Bulletin, Vol. 31, No. 4, pp. 589-592, American Water Resources Association.

Bonnieux, F. and P. Rainelli (1996), "Mineral emissions from agriculture: the French case", pp. 101-118, in J.W. Simonsen (ed.), Inventory on Mineral Pollution from Agriculture, EU concerted action "Policy measures to control environmental impacts from agriculture"(AIR3CT93-1164), Norwegian Agricultural Research Institute, Oslo, Norway.

Castro, J. and F. Reckendorf (1995), Effects of Sediment on the Aquatic Environment, Resource Conservation Act (RCA) III, Working Paper No. 6, Natural Resources Conservation Service, US Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C., United States.

CEC [Commission for Environmental Cooperation] (1999), "Feedlot Production of Cattle in the United States and Canada: Some Environmental Implications of the North American Free Trade Agreement", Issue Study 2, pp. 183-259, in CEC, Assessing Environmental Effects of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA): An Analytic Framework (Phase II) and Issue Studies, Montreal, Canada. Available at: www.cec.org [English > Publications and Information Resources > CEC Publications > Environment, Economy and Trade]

Christensen, N., H. Paaby and J. Holten-Andersen (1994), Environment and Society — A Review of Environmental Development in Denmark, National Environmental Research Institute, Technical Report No. 108, Ministry of the Environment, Roskilde, Denmark.

Commonwealth of Australia (1995), Sustaining the Agricultural Resource Base, 12th Meeting of the Prime Minister’s Science and Engineering Council, Office of the Chief Scientist, Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Canberra, Australia.

Commonwealth of Australia (1998), Sustainable Agriculture — Assessing Australia’s Recent Performance, A Report to the Standing Committee on Agriculture and Resource Management (SCARM) of the National Collaborative Project on Indicators for Sustainable Agriculture, SCARM Technical Report No. 70, CSIRO Publishing, Victoria, Australia.

Coote, D.R. and L.J. Gregorich (eds.) (2000), The Health of our water — Toward sustainable agriculture in Canada, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC), Ottawa, Canada. Available at: www.agr.ca [English > Site Index > Environment and Resource Management]

Cori, L. (1997), "Policy Case Study of Italy", Annex 4, in OECD, Agricultural Policy, Pesticide Policy and the Environment: Annexes, General Distribution document [OCDE/GD(97)157], Paris France. Available at: www.oecd.org [Documentation > 1997 > Reference Components > OCDE > OCDE/GD]

EEA [European Environment Agency] (1996), Water Quality of Large Rivers, European Topic Centre on Inland Waters, Topic Report 4, Copenhagen, Denmark.

EEA (1998), Europe’s Environment: The Second Assessment, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg. Available at: themes.eea.eu.int [> all available reports]

EPA [Environmental Protection Agency] (1998), Clean Water Action Plan: Restoring and Protecting America’s Water, Washington, D.C, United States. Available at: www.cleanwater.gov

Erwin, M.L. and A.J. Tesoriero (1997), Predicting Ground-Water Vulnerability to Nitrate in the Puget Sound Basin, Fact Sheet FS-061-97, US Geological Survey, Washington, D.C. Available at: wwwdwatcm.wr.usgs.gov/fs.061-97/index.html

Fairweather, P. and G. Napier (1998), Environmental Indicators for National State of the Environment Reporting — Inland Waters, Australia: State of the Environment (Environmental Indicators Reports), Department of the Environment, Canberra, Australia.

Falconer, K.E. (1997), "Policy case Study of the United Kingdom", Annex 7, in OECD, Agricultural Policy, Pesticide Policy and the Environment: Annexes, OECD General Distribution document [OCDE/GD(97)157], Paris France. Available at: www.oecd.org/ [Documentation > 1997 > Reference Components > OCDE > OCDE/GD]

FAO [United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation] (1999), Central and Eastern European Sustainable Agriculture Network, First Workshop Proceedings, REU Technical Series 61, FAO Subregional Office for Central and Eastern Europe, Rome, Italy. Available at: www.fao.org/regional/europe/public-e.htm

Frederiksen, B.S. and J.S. Schou (1996), "Mineral emissions from agriculture: Denmark", pp. 181- 198, in J.W. Simonsen (ed.), Inventory on Mineral Pollution from Agriculture, EU concerted action "Policy measures to control environmental impacts from agriculture"(AIR3CT93-1164), Norwegian Agricultural Research Institute, Oslo, Norway.

French Ministry of Regional Planning and the Environment (2000), Rapport d’Evaluation sur la Gestion et le bilan du Programme de Maitrise des Pollutions d’Origine Agricole (only in French "An Evaluation of the Agricultural Pollution Control Programme"), Report No. 99-M-018-01, Paris, France. Available at: www.environnement.gouv.fr/actua/com2000/mars/10-pmpoa.htm

Goodchild, R.G. (1998), "EU Policies for the Reduction of Nitrogen in Water: The Example of the Nitrates Directive", pp. 737-740, in K.W. van der Hoek, J.W. Erisman and S. Smeulders (eds.), Proceedings of the First International Nitrogen Conference, 23-27 March 1998, Noordwijkerhout, The Netherlands, Elsevier Press, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Harker, B. (1998), "The Impact of Agriculture on Water Quality: Indicators and Policy Measures", pp. 151-172, in OECD, The Sustainable Management of Water in Agriculture: Issues and Policies — The Athens Workshop, Paris, France.

Harker, D.B., B.D. Hill and H.H. McDuffie (1998), The Risk Agriculture Poses to Water Quality — Factors Affecting Our Interpretation of Findings, paper presented at the 1st International Conference on Children’s Health and Environment, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, August 11-13.

IFEN [Institut français de l’environnement] (1997), Agriculture et environnement: les indicateurs (only in French, "Agriculture and the Environment: Indicators"), édition 1997-1998, Orléans, France. Available at: www.ifen.fr [> Publications]

IFEN (1998), Les pesticides dans les eaux (only in French "Pesticides in Water"), Etudes et Travaux nº 19, Orléans, France. Available at: www.ifen.fr/pestic/pestic.htm

Iglesias, E. and J.M. Sumpsi (1996), "Mineral Emissions from Agriculture: Spain", pp. 33-48, in J.W. Simonsen (ed.), Inventory on Mineral Pollution from Agriculture, EU concerted action "Policy measures to control environmental impacts from agriculture"(AIR3CT93-1164), Norwegian Agricultural Research Institute, Oslo, Norway.

Johnsen, F.H. (1993), "Economic analysis of measures to control phosphorus run-off from non-point agricultural sources", European Review of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 20, No. 4, pp. 399-418.

Lucey, J., J.J. Bowman, K.J. Clabby, P. Cunningham, M. Lehane, M. MacCarthaigh, M.L. McGarrigic and P.F. Toner (1999), Water Quality in Ireland 1995-1997, Environmental Protection Agency, Wexford, Ireland.

MacDonald, K.B. (2000), "Risk of Water Contamination by Nitrogen", Chapter 12, in T. McRae, C.A.S. Smith and L.J. Gregorich (eds.), Environmental Sustainability of Canadian Agriculture: Report of the Agri-Environmental Indicator Project, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC), Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Available at: www.agr.ca/policy/environment/publications/list.html

MAFF [Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food] (1994), Consultation Document — Designation of Vulnerable Zones in England and Wales Under the EC Nitrate Directive (91/676), London, United Kingdom.

MAFF (2000), Towards Sustainable Agriculture — A Pilot Set of Indicators, London, United Kingdom. Available at: www.maff.gov.uk [Farming > Sustainable Agriculture]

McGinn, A.P. (1999), "Harmful Algae Blooming Worldwide", pp. 126-127, in L.R. Brown, M. Renner and B. Halweil, Vital Signs 1999: The Environmental Trends that are Shaping Our Future, Worldwatch Institute, Washington, D.C., United States.

McRae, T., C.A.S. Smith and L.J. Gregorich (eds.) (2000), Environmental Sustainability of Canadian Agriculture: Report of the Agri-Environmental Indicator Project, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC), Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Available at: www.agr.ca/policy/environment/publications/list.html

Ministry of Agriculture, Nature Management and Fisheries (1995), Policy Document on Manure and Ammonia, The Hague, The Netherlands.

New Zealand MAF [Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries] (1993), Sustainable Agriculture, MAF Policy Position Paper 1, Wellington, New Zealand.

Nolan, B.T. and B.C. Ruddy (1996), Nitrate in the Ground Waters of the United States--Assessing the Risk, Fact Sheet FS-092-96, US Geological Service, Washington, D.C., United States. Available at: wwwrvares.er.usgs.gov/nawqa/FS-092-96.html

Norwegian Institute for Water Research (1998), Auditing the agricultural sector, 1998: Effects of pollution measures, Oslo, Norway.

OECD (1993a), Environmental Performance Reviews: Germany, Paris, France.

OECD (1993b), Environmental Performance Reviews: Norway, Paris, France.

OECD (1994), Environmental Performance Reviews: Japan, Paris, France.

OECD (1995), Environmental Performance Reviews: The Netherlands, Paris, France.

OECD (1996a), Environmental Performance Reviews: New Zealand, Paris, France.

OECD (1996b), Environmental Performance Reviews: Sweden, Paris, France

OECD (1996c), Environmental Performance Reviews: United States, Paris, France.

OECD (1997a), Environmental Performance Reviews: France, Paris, France.

OECD (1997b), OECD Environmental Data: Compendium 1997, Paris, France.

OECD (1998a), The Sustainable Management of Water in Agriculture: Issues and Policies — The Athens Workshop, Paris, France.

OECD (1998b), OECD Workshop on the Sustainable Management of Water in Agriculture: Issues and Policies — The Athens Workshop: Case Studies, General Distribution document [COM/AGR/CA/ENV/EPOC(98)87], Paris, France. Available at: www.oecd.org [Documentation > 1998 > Reference Components > COM]

OECD (1998c), Environmental Performance Reviews: Korea, Paris, France.

OECD (1999), Sustainable Economic Growth: Natural Resources and the Environment in Norway, Economics Department Working Papers No. 218, General Distribution document [ECO/WKP(99)10], Paris France. Available at: www.oecd.org [Documentation > 1999 > Reference Components > ECO]

OECD (2000), Enhancing Environmentally Sustainable Growth in Finland, Economics Department Working Papers No. 229, General Distribution document [ECO/WKP(2000)2], Paris, France. Available at: www.oecd.org [Documentation > 2000 > Reference Components > ECO]

OFEFP-OFAG [Office fédéral de l’environnement, des forêts et du paysage — Office fédéral de l’agriculture] (1998), Strategie pour réeduire les emissions d’azote, (only in French "Strategy to reduce emissions of nitrates"), Schriftenreihe Umwelt Nr 273, Berne, Switzerland.

Parsisson, D. (1996), "United Kingdom Country Report on Mineral Emissions from Agriculture", pp. 145- 164, in J.W. Simonsen (ed.), Inventory on Mineral Pollution from Agriculture, EU concerted action "Policy measures to control environmental impacts from agriculture"(AIR3CT93-1164), Norwegian Agricultural Research Institute, Oslo, Norway.

PFRA [Prairie Farm Rehabilitation Administration] (1997), Nonpoint Agricultural Effects on Water Quality: A Review of Documented Evidence and Expert Opinion, Sustainable Development Service, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Regina, Canada.

Rayment, M., H. Bartram and J. Curtoys (1998), Pesticide Taxes — A Discussion Paper, Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, Sandy, United Kingdom.

Ribaudo, M.O., R.D. Horan and M.E. Smith (1999), Economics of Water Quality Protection From Nonpoint Sources — Theory and Practice, Resource Economics Division, Economic Research Service, Agricultural Economic Report No. 782, US Department of Agriculture, Washington D.C., United States. Available at: www.econ.ag.gov/epubs/pdf/aer782/

Romstad, E., J.W. Simonsen and A. Vatn (eds.) (1997), Controlling Mineral Emissions in European Agriculture: Economics, Policies and the Environment, CAB International, Wallingford, United Kingdom.

Sapek, A. (1999), "Nitrogen balance and cycling in Polish agriculture", pp. 7-24, in A. Sapek (ed.), Nitrogen Cycle and Balance in Polish Agriculture, Conference Proceedings, Poland Agriculture and Water Quality Protection, Institute for Land Reclamation and Grassland Farming, Falenty IMUZ Publisher, Warsaw, Poland.

Scheierling, S.M. (1995), Overcoming Agricultural Pollution of Water: The Challenge of Integrating Agricultural and Environmental Policies in the European Union, World Bank Technical Paper No. 269, World Bank, Washington D.C., United States.

Schou, J.S. and A. Kyllingsbæk (1999), An Indicator of Water Contamination Risk with Nitrogen in Agriculture, Danish Institute of Agricultural and Fisheries Economics and Danish Institute of Agricultural Science, Personal communication with the OECD Secretariat.

Sharpley, A. (ed.) (2000), "Practical and Innovative Measures for the Control of Agricultural Phosphorus Losses to Water", Journal of Environmental Quality, Vol. 29, No. 1.

Simonsen, J.W. (ed.) (1996), Inventory on Mineral Pollution from Agriculture, EU concerted action "Policy measures to control environmental impacts from agriculture"(AIR3CT93-1164), Norwegian Agricultural Research Institute, Oslo, Norway.

Statistics Finland (1999), Finland’s Natural Resources and the Environment 1999, Ministry of the Environment, Helsinki, Finland.

UK Department of the Environment (1996), Indicators of Sustainable Development for the United Kingdom, London, United Kingdom. Available at: www.environment.detr.gov.uk [> Indicators of Sustainable Development for the UK]

UNEP [United Nations Environment Programme] (1999), Global Environment Outlook 2000, Nairobi, Kenya. Available at: www.grid.unep.ch/geo2000/english/index.htm

USDA [United States Department of Agriculture] (1996a), Water Quality, Natural Resources Conservation Service, Resource Conservation Act (RCA) Issue Brief 9, Washington, D.C., United States.

USDA (1996b), America’s Private Land — A Geography of Hope, Natural Resources Conservation Service, Washington, D.C., United States. Available at: www.nrcs.usda.gov [> Geography of Hope under "Features"]

USDA (1997), Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators, 1996-97, Agricultural Handbook No. 712, Natural Resources and Environment Division, Economic Research Service, Washington, D.C., United States. Available at: www.ers.usda.gov [Briefing Rooms > Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators]

USGS [United States Geological Survey] (1999), The Quality of Our Nation’s Waters — Nutrients and Pesticides, USGS Circular 1225, Washington, D.C., United States. Available at: water.usgs.gov/pubs/circ/circ1225/

van Gijseghem, D. and L. van Holder (1996), "Mineral Emissions from Agriculture", pp. 119-130, in J.W. Simonsen (ed.), Inventory on Mineral Pollution from Agriculture, EU concerted action "Policy measures to control environmental impacts from agriculture"(AIR3CT93-1164), Norwegian Agricultural Research Institute, Oslo, Norway.

Werner, W. (1997), "Implementation and Efficiency of Counter-measures against Diffuse Nitrogen and Phosphorus Input Groundwater and Surface Waters from Agriculture", pp. 73-88, in E. Romstad, J.W. Simonsen and A. Vatn (eds.), Controlling Mineral Emissions in European Agriculture: Economics, Policies and the Environment, CAB International, Wallingford, United Kingdom.

Zilberman, D. (1998), "The Impact of Agriculture on Water Quality", pp. 133-149, in OECD, The Sustainable Management of Water in Agriculture: Issues and Policies — The Athens Workshop, Paris, France.

LAND CONSERVATION

Baldassarre, G., B. Radina, P. Bazzoffi and S. Pellegrini (1993), "Evaluation of erosion in the Cmastra basin (Southern Appennines, Italy)", in A. Anagnostopoulos (ed.), Proceedings of an International Symposium on Geotechnical Engineering of Hard Soil — Soft Rocks, Athens, Greece, 20-23 September 1993.

Baldock, D., G. Beaufoy and J. Clark (1995), The Nature of Farming, Low Intensity Farming Systems in Nine European Countries, Institute for European Environmental Policy, London, United Kingdom.

Clark, E.H., J.A. Haverkamp and W. Chapman (1985), Eroding Soils: The Off-Farm Impacts, The Conservation Foundation, Washington, D.C., United States.

Feather, P. and D. Hellerstein (1997), "Calibrating Benefit Function Transfer to Assess the Conservation Reserve Program", American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 79, pp.  151-162.

Hayase, Y. and T. Masumoto (1998), Overseas Investigation Report 1998 of the Project "Trade and the Environment", Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Research Council, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF), Tokyo, Japan.

Ishihara, A. (1990), "Evaluation of soil erosion prevention function", Project Research Report, No. 242, pp. 65-67, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Research Council, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF), Tokyo, Japan.

Jager, A. (1994), "Modeling regional soil erosion susceptibility using the universal soil loss equation and GIS", pp. 167-177, in R.J. Rickson (ed.), Conserving Soil Resources: European Perspectives, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

Kato, Y., M. Yokohari and R.D. Brown (1997), "Integration and visualization of the ecological value of rural landscapes in maintaining the physical environment of Japan", Landscape and Urban Planning, Vol. 39, No. 1, pp. 69-82.

Naka, T. and H. Fujii (1998), "Water management and flood control in Sacrament river basin in USA", Journal of Japanese Society of Irrigation Drainage and Reclamation Engineering, Vol. 66, pp. 171-176.

Norberg, J. (1999), "Linking nature’s services to ecosystems: some general ecological concepts", Ecological Economics, Vol. 29, No. 2, pp. 183-202.

OECD (1997), OECD Environmental Data: Compendium 1997, Paris, France.

Ohnishi, R. (1997), "Water conservation function of agricultural land and future farm management", pp. 55-61, in Agriculture, Rural Communities and the Environment, Yokendo Publisher, Tokyo, Japan.

Potter, K.W. (1991), "Hydrological Impacts of Changing Land Management Practices in a Moderate-Sized Agricultural Catchment", Water Resource Research, Vol. 27, No. 5, pp. 845-855.

Ribaudo, M. (1986), Reducing Soil Erosion: Offsite Benefits, Agricultural Economic Report No. 561, US Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Washington, D.C., United States.

Schaub, D.M. and V. Prasuhn (1996), "A soil erosion map of Switzerland as a planning tool for sustainable land use", in Towards sustainable land use, Proceedings of 9th International Soil Conservation Organisation (ISCO), 26-30 August 1996, Bonn, Germany, pp. 34.

Seino, H. (1997), Located characteristic of local government which take a measure to prevent flood, NIAES Symposium Report No. 17, National Institute of Agro-Environmental Sciences, pp. 39-46, Tsukuba, Japan.

Smith, R.A., R.B. Alexander and K.J. Lanfear (1993), "Stream water quality in the conterminous United States — Status and trends of selected indicators during the 1980’s", in United States Geological Survey (USGS), National Water Summary 1990-91: Hydrologic Events and Stream Water Quality, Water-Supply Paper 2400, Washington, D.C., United States.

Suga, K. (1995), Flood of Tone river, Sankaido Publisher, Tokyo, Japan.

Sumelius, J. (1997), Concerns Related to Possibly Effects of Trade Liberalisation on Landscape and Biodiversity in the Nordic Countries, Paper presented at the NJF-seminar on Agriculture, Trade and the Environment, Greve, Denmark, 22-24 May.

Swiss Federal Office of Agriculture (1997), "Switzerland: Government Policy to Stimulate Environmental Benefits", pp. 159-167, in OECD, Helsinki Seminar on Environmental Benefits from Agriculture, Country Case Studies, OECD General Distribution document [OCDE/GD(97)110], Paris, France. Available at: www.oecd.org [Documentation > 1997 > Reference Components > OCDE > OCDE/GD]

Tikof, M. (1997), "Greece: Policy Measures and Practices, and Environmental Benefits from Agriculture", pp. 95-112, in OECD, Helsinki Seminar on Environmental Benefits from Agriculture, Country Case Studies, OECD General Distribution document [OCDE/GD(97)110], Paris, France. Available at: www.oecd.org [Documentation > 1997 > Reference Components > OCDE > OCDE/GD]

UK Environment Agency (1998), Sedimentation and Salmonids in England and Wales, Research and Development Technical Report P194, Bristol, United Kingdom.

USDA [United States Department of Agriculture] (1997), Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators, 1996-97, Agricultural Handbook No. 712, Natural Resources and Environment Division, Economic Research Service, Washington, D.C., United States. Available at: www.ers.usda.gov [Briefing Rooms > Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators]

GREENHOUSE GASES

Adams, R.M., B.H. Hurd and J. Reilly (1999), Agriculture and global climate changes, A review of impacts to U.S. agricultural resources, Pew Center on Global Climate Change, Arlington, United States. Available at: www.pewclimate.org [> Projects and Reports]

Antle, J.M, S.M. Capalbo, S. Mooney, E. Elliot and K. Paustian (2000), Economics of Agricultural Soil Carbon Sequestration in the Northern Plains, Research Discussion Paper No. 38, Trade Research Center, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana, United States. Available at: www.trc.montana.edu [Publications > Research Discussion Papers]

Brown, L.R. (2000), U.S. farmers double cropping corn and wind energy, Worldwatch Issue Alerts, Worldwatch Institute, Washington, D.C., United States. Available at: www.worldwatch.org/chairman/ [> Issue Alerts]

Council on Environmental Quality (1997), Environmental Quality 1994-95 Report, 25th Report of the United States Council on Environmental Quality, Washington, D.C., United States. Available at: www.whitehouse.gov/CEQ/ [News & Information > Publications]

Desjardins, R.L. and R. Riznek (2000), Agricultural Greenhouse Gas Budget, pp. 133-140, in T. McRae, C.A.S. Smith and L.J. Gregorich (eds.), Environmental Sustainability of Canadian Agriculture: Report of the Agri-Environmental Indicator Project, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC), Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Available at: www.agr.ca/policy/environment/publications/list.html

Enquete Commission (1995), "Protecting Our Green Earth: How to manage global warming through environmentally sound farming and preservation of the world’s forests", in Enquete Commission, Protecting the Earth’s Atmosphere, Bundestag, Verlag, Bonn, Germany.

EPA [Environmental Protection Agency] (1993), Options for Reducing Methane Emissions Internationally Volume II: International Opportunity for Reducing Methane Emissions, Report to Congress, EPA 430-R-93-006B, October 1993, Washington, D.C., United States. Available at: www.epa.gov/ghginfo/ [> Reports]

European Parliament (1993), Energy and Biomass, Scientific and Technical Options Assessment, Project paper No. 1, revised version, Stuttgart, Germany.

EUROSTAT [Statistical Office of the European Communities] (1997), Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Fossil Fuels, Luxembourg.

Hedger, M.M. (1996), Agriculture and Forestry, Identification of Options for Net GHG Reduction, "Policies and Measures for Common Action", Working Paper 7, Annex I Expert Group on the UNFCCC, edited by the OECD, OECD General Distribution document [OCDE/GD(97)74], Paris, France. Available at: www.oecd.org [Documentation > 1997 > Reference Components > OCDE > OCDE/GD]

IEA [International Energy Agency] (1998), Renewable Energy Policy in IEA Countries, Volume II: Country Reports, Paris, France. Available at: www.iea.org [Publications > Studies published 1998 and before]

IFEN [Institut français de l’environnement] (1997), Agriculture et environnement: les indicateurs (only in French, "Agriculture and the Environment: Indicators"), édition 1997-1998, Orléans, France. Available at: www.ifen.fr [> Publications]

IPCC [Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change] (1996a), Climate Change 1995: IPCC Second Assessment Synthesis of Scientific-technical Information Related to Interpreting Article 2 of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change 1995, Bracknell, United Kingdom. Available at: www.ipcc.ch [Publications > Reports]

IPCC (1996b), Climate Change 1995: Impacts, Adaptations and Mitigation of Climate Change: Scientific-Technical Analyses. Contribution of Working Group II to the Second Assessment report of the IPCC, R.T. Watson, M.C. Zinyowera and R.H. Moss (eds.), Cambridge University Press, United Kingdom. Available at: www.ipcc.ch [Publications > Reports]

IPCC (1996c), Climate Change 1995: The Science of Climate Change, Contribution of Working Group I to the Second Assessment of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, J.T. Houghton, L.G. Meira Filho, B.A. Callender, N. Harris, A. Kattenberg and K. Maskell (eds.), Cambridge University Press, United Kingdom. Available at: www.ipcc.ch [Publications > Reports]

IPCC (1997), Revised 1996 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories, Reporting Instructions, Workbook and Reference Manual, Bracknell, United Kingdom. Available at: www.ipcc.ch [Publications > Guidelines & Methodologies]

IPCC (2000a), Good Practice Guidance and Uncertainty Management in National Greenhouse Gas Inventories, Bracknell, United Kingdom. Available at: www.ipcc.ch

IPCC (2000b), Land Use, Land-Use Change, and Forestry, Special Report of the IPCC, R.T. Watson, I.R. Noble, B. Bolin, N.H. Ravindranath, D.J. Verardo and D.J. Dokken (eds.), Cambridge University Press, United Kingdom. Available at: www.ipcc.ch [Publications > Reports]

Janzen, H.H., R.L. Desjardins, J.M.R. Asselin and B. Grace (eds.) (1999), The Health of Our Air — Toward sustainable agriculture in Canada, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC), Ottawa, Canada. Available at: www.agr.ca [English > Site Index > Environment and Resource Management]

Johnson, M.G. (1995), "The Role of Soil Management in Sequestering Soil Carbon", pp. 351-363, in R. Lal, J. Kimble, E. Levine and B.A. Stewart (eds.), Advances in Soil Science: Soil Management and Greenhouse Effect, Lewis Publishers, London, United Kingdom.

Lal, R., J. Kimble and B.A. Stewart (1995a), "World Soil as a Source or Sink for Radiatively-Active Gases", pp. 1-7, in R. Lal, J. Kimble, E. Levine and B.A. Stewart (eds.), Advances in Soil Science: Soil Management and Greenhouse Effect, Lewis Publishers, London, United Kingdom.

Lal, R., J. Kimble, E. Levine and B.A. Stewart (eds.) (1995b), Advances in Soil Science: Soil Management and Greenhouse Effect, Lewis Publishers, London, United Kingdom.

Lal, R., N.R. Fausey and D.J. Eckert (1995c), "Land Use and Soil Management Effects on Emissions of Radiatively Active Gases from Two Soils in Ohio", pp. 41-59, in R. Lal J. Kimble, E. Levine and B.A. Stewart (eds.), Advances in Soil Science: Soil Management and Greenhouse Effect, Lewis Publishers, London, United Kingdom.

Li, C. (1995), "Modelling Impact of Agricultural Practices on Soil C and N2O Emissions", pp. 101-112, in R. Lal, J. Kimble, E. Levine and B.A. Stewart (eds.), Advances in Soil Science: Soil Management and Greenhouse Effect, Lewis Publishers, London, United Kingdom.

MacGregor, R.J., R. Lindenbach, S. Weseen and A. Lefebvre (2000), "Energy Use", Chapter 17, pp. 171-177, in T. McRae, C.A.S. Smith and L.J. Gregorich (eds.), Environmental Sustainability of Canadian Agriculture: Report of the Agri-Environmental Indicator Project, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC), Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Available at: www.agr.ca/policy/environment/publications/list.html

MAFF [Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food] (1998), Developing a Set of Indicators for Sustainable Agriculture in the United Kingdom, Consultation Document, London, United Kingdom.

MAFF (2000), Towards Sustainable Agriculture — A Pilot Set of Indicators, London, United Kingdom. Available at: www.maff.gov.uk [Farming > Sustainable Agriculture]

Mitchell, P.D., P.G. Lakshminarayan, T. Otake and B.A. Babcock (1996), The Impact of Soil Conservation Policies on Carbon Sequestration in Agricultural Soils of the Central United States, Working Paper 96-WP 170, Center for Agriculture and Rural Development (CARD), Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, United States.

Nicholls, N. (1997), "Have recent climate trends increased Australian crop yield and value?", Climate Change News Letter, Vol. 9, No. 3, pp. 11-13, Bureau of Resource Science, Kingston, Australia. Available at: www.brs.gov.au [Greenhouse & Climate Change > Climate Change Newsletter]

OECD (1994), Energy and the Environment: Biofuel, Paris, France.

OECD (1998), OECD Economic Outlook, No. 63, Paris, France.

Orthofer, R (1999), "An Integrative Carbon Balance for Austrian Agriculture", pp. 121-136, in A. Freibauer and M. Kaltschmitt (eds.), Approaches to Greenhouse Gas Inventories of Biogenic Sources in Agriculture, Proceedings of the Workshop at Lökeberg, Sweden, 9-10 July 1998.

Parry, M.L. and M.S. Swaminathan (1992), "Effects of Climate Change on Food Production", in I.M. Mintzer (ed.), Confronting Climate Change, Risk, Implications and Responses, Cambridge University Press, United Kingdom.

Phipps, S. and N. Hall (1994), Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Australian Agriculture — A Regional Analysis, Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Research Report 94.5, Canberra, Australia.

Schipmann, R. (1999), "A European Model for Carbon-Turnover in Agricultural Soils (SOMMS 1.0)", pp. 183-186, in A. Freibauer and M. Kaltschmitt (eds.), Approaches to Greenhouse Gas Inventories of Biogenic Sources in Agriculture, Proceedings of the Workshop at Lökeberg, Sweden, 9-10 July 1998.

Smith, P., J.U. Smith, D.S. Powlson, W.B. McGill, J.R.M. Arah, O.G. Chertov, K. Coleman, U. Franko, S. Frolking, D.S. Jenkinson, L.S. Jensen, R.H. Kelly, H. Klein-Gunnewiek, A.S. Komarov, C. Li, J.A.E. Molina, T. Mueller, W. J. Parton, J.H.M. Thornley and A.P. Whitmore (1997), "A comparison of the performance of nine soil organic matter models using data sets from seven long term experiments", Geoderma, Vol. 81, pp. 153-225.

Sneath, R.W., D.R. Chadwick, V.R. Phillips and B.F. Pain (1997a), A U.K. Inventory of Methane Emissions from Farmland Livestock, Silsoe Research Institute, Devon, United Kingdom.

Sneath, R.W., D.R. Chadwick, V.R. Phillips and B.F. Pain (1997b), A U.K. Inventory of Nitrous Oxide Emissions from Farmland Livestock, Silsoe Research Institute, Devon, United Kingdom.

Symbiotics Environmental Research and Consulting (1996), Inventory of Technologies to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Agriculture, Ottawa, Canada.

Turkish Ministry of Environment (1998), National Report on Climate Change, Ankara, Turkey.

UNFCCC [United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change] (1998), Review of the Implementation of Commitments and of Other Provisions of the Convention, National Communications from Parties Included in Annex I to the Convention, Second Compilation and Synthesis of Second National Communications, [FCCC/CP/1998/11/Add.1], General distribution paper presented at the Fourth Session of the Conference of the Parties, 2-13 November, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Available at: cop4.unfccc.de [Official Documents > COP4]

UNFCCC (1999), Report on National Greenhouse Gas Inventory Data from Annex I Parties for 1990 to 1997, National Communications from Parties Included in Annex I to the Convention, Greenhouse Gas Inventory Data, 1990-1997, [FCCC/SBI/1999/12], General distribution paper presented at the Eleventh Session of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation, 25 October - 5 November, Bonn. Available at: cop5.unfccc.de [Official Documents > SBI Reports 1999] Also related searchable database is available at: www.unfccc.de

USDA [United States Department of Agriculture] (1996), Agricultural Adaptation to Climate Change, Issues of Longrun Sustainability, Agricultural Economic Report No. 740, Washington, D.C., United States. Available at: www.ers.usda.gov/epubs/pdf/aer740/

USDA (1997), "Global Climate Change: Could U.S. Agriculture Adapt?", Agricultural Outlook, January-February 1997, Economic Research Service, Washington, D.C., United States.

Yagi, K. (1997), "Methane Emissions from Paddy Fields", Bulletin of the National Institute of Agro-Environmental Sciences, No. 14, pp. 96-207, Tsukuba, Japan.

BIODIVERSITY

Ahn, W.S., J.H. Kang and M.S. Yoon (1996), "Genetic Erosion of Crop Plants in Korea", pp. 41-55, in Y.G. Park and S. Sakamoto (eds.), Biodiversity and Conservation of Plant Genetic Resources in Asia, Japan Scientific Societies Press, Tokyo, Japan.

ANZECC [Australia and New Zealand Environment and Conservation Council] (1998), Core Environmental Indicators for Reporting on the State of the Environment, State of the Environment Reporting Task Force, ANZECC Secretariat, Canberra, Australia.

Barbier, E.B. (1997), "Ecological Economic, Uncertainty and Implications for Policy Setting Priorities for Biodiversity Conservation", pp. 115-140, in OECD, Investing in Biological Diversity: The Cairns Conference, Paris, France.

Brown, L.R., M. Renner and B. Halweil (1999), Vital Signs 1999: The Environmental Trends that are Shaping Our Future, Worldwatch Institute, Washington, D.C., United States.

Burns, W. (2000), Bibliography: Impacts of Climate Change on Flora & Fauna Species and Associated Ecosystems, Pacific Institute for Studies in Development, Environmental Security, Oakland, California, United States. Available at: www.pacinst.org/ccbio.pdf

CEC [Commission for Environmental Cooperation] (1999), "Maize in Mexico: Some Environmental Implications of the North American Free Trade Agreement", Issue Study 1, pp. 65-182, in CEC, Assessing Environmental Effects of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA): An Analytic Framework (Phase II) and Issue Studies, Montreal, Canada. Available at: www.cec.org [English > Publications and Information Resources > CEC Publications > Environment, Economy and Trade]

CEC (2000), Securing the Continent’s Biological Wealth: Towards Effective Biodiversity Conservation in North America, Commission for Environmental Cooperation, Montreal, Canada. Available at: www.cec.org/programs_projects/conserv_biodiv/baseline.cfm?varlan=english

Commission of the European Communities (1999), Directions Towards Sustainable Agriculture, Communication from the Commission to the Council, The European Parliament, The Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, COM(1999)22Final, Brussels. Available at: europa.eu.int/comm/dg06/envir/index_en.htm

Commonwealth of Australia (1995), Sustaining the Agricultural Resource Base, 12th Meeting of the Prime Minister’s Science and Engineering Council, Office of the Chief Scientist, Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Canberra, Australia.

Commonwealth of Australia (1996), Australia State of the Environment 1996 Executive Summary, State of the Environment Advisory Council, Canberra, Australia.

Commonwealth of Australia (1998), Sustainable Agriculture — Assessing Australia’s Recent Performance, A Report to the Standing Committee on Agriculture and Resource Management (SCARM) of the National Collaborative Project on Indicators for Sustainable Agriculture, SCARM Technical Report No. 70, CSIRO Publishing, Victoria, Australia.

Cooper, J.C. (1999), The Sharing of Benefits Derived from the Utilisation of Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, Internal Memorandum, US Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C., United States.

Cunningham, E.P. (1999), Recent Developments in Biotechnology as they Relate to Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, Background Study Paper No. 10, FAO Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, Eighth Session, 19-23 April, Rome, Italy. Available at: www.fao.org/ag/cgrfa/docs8.htm

Day, K. (1996), "Agriculture’s Links to Biodiversity", Agricultural Outlook, December, 1996, Economic Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C., United States.

Debailleul, G. (1997), "Economic Incentives for Biodiversity Conservation in the Agricultural Sector", pp. 235-52, in OECD (1997), Investing in Biological Diversity: The Cairns Conference, Paris, France.

Dennis, R.L.H. (ed.) (1992), The Ecology of Butterflies in Britain, Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom.

ECNC [European Centre for Nature Conservation] (2000), Stimulating Positive Linkages between Agriculture and Biodiversity: Recommendations for the EC Agricultural Action Plan on Biodiversity, Tilburg, The Netherlands. Available at: www.ecnc.nl

EEA [European Environment Agency] (1998), Europe’s Environment: The Second Assessment, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg. Available at: themes.eea.eu.int [> all available reports]

Environmental Protection Agency (1999), Environment in Focus — A Discussion Document on Key National Environmental Indicators, Wexford, Ireland. Available at: www.epa.ie/pubs/default.htm

Erhardt, A. (1985), "Diurnal Lepidoptera: sensitive indicators of cultivated and abandoned grassland", Journal of Applied Ecology, Vol. 22, pp. 849-861.

European Commission (1998), First Report on the implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity by the European Community, Brussels, Belgium.

European Commission (1999), Agriculture, Environment, Rural Development: Facts and Figures — A Challenge for Agriculture, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg. Available at: europa.eu.int/comm/dg06/envir/report/en/index.htm

FAO [United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation ] (1996), Report on the State of the World’s Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, prepared for the International Technical Conference on Plant Genetic Resources, Leipzig, Germany, 17-23 June. Available at: 193.43.36.6/wrlmap_e.htm

FAO (1998), The State of the World’s Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, First Session, 8-10 September of the International Technical Working Group on Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, Rome, Italy. Available at: www.fao.org/ag/cgrfa/docs8.htm

Fjellstad, W.J. and W.E. Dramstad (1999), "Patterns of change in two contrasting Norwegian agricultural landscapes", Landscape and Urban Planning, Vol. 45, No. 4, pp. 177-191.

Haberl, H. (1997), "Human appropriation of net primary production as an environmental indicator: Implications for sustainable development", Ambio, Vol. 26, No. 3, pp. 143-146.

Hamblin, A. (1998), Environmental Indicators for National State of the Environment Reporting — The Land, Australia: State of the Environment (Environmental Indicator Reports), Department of the Environment, Canberra, Australia. Available at: www.environment.gov.au/soe/ [Environmental Indicators > Land under "Environmental Indicator Reports"]

Holmes, B. (1998), "Life Support — Why bother to save every last species on the planet?", New Scientist, 15 August, pp. 30-34.

Hunziker, M. (1995), "The spontaneous reafforestation in abandoned agricultural lands: perception and aesthetic assessment by locals and tourists", Landscape and Urban Planning, Vol. 31, No. 3, pp. 399-410.

Ihse, M. (1995), "Swedish agricultural landscapes — patterns and changes during the last 50 years, studies by aerial photos", Landscape and Urban Planning, Vol. 31, No. 1, pp. 21-37.

Industry Commission (1996), Land Degradation and the Australian Agricultural Industry, Staff Information Paper, Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, Australia.

IUCN [World Conservation Union] (1999), Background study for the development of an IUCN Policy on Agriculture and Biodiversity, Report prepared by P. Nowicki, C. Potter and T. Reed, Wye College, University of London, United Kingdom. Available at: www.iucn.org/places/europe/eu/docs/Agriculture_Biodiversity.pdf

James, C. (1997-1999), "Global Review of Transgenic Crops", ISAAA Briefs, 1997-1999, The International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications (ISAAA), Ithaca, United States. Available at: www.isaaa.org

Kate, K. ten and S.A. Laird (1999), The Commercial Use of Biodiversity — Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit Sharing, Earthscan Publications Ltd., London, United Kingdom.

Lewandrowski, J., R.F. Darwin, M. Tsigas and A. Raneses (1999), "Estimating costs of protecting global ecosystem diversity", Ecological Economics, Vol. 29, No. 1, pp. 111-125.

Mac, M.J., P.A. Opler, C.E.P. Haecker and P.D. Doran (1998), Status and Trends of the Nation’s Biological Resources, Two Volumes, United States Department of the Interior, United States Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, United States. Available at: biology.usgs.gov/pubs/execsumm/page2.htm

MAF Finland (1996), Renewable Natural Resources and Biological Diversity, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MAF), Helsinki, Finland.

MAFF [Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food] (2000), Towards Sustainable Agriculture — A Pilot Set of Indicators, London, United Kingdom. Available at: www.maff.gov.uk [Farming > Sustainable Agriculture]

Montgomery, C.A., R.A. Pollak, K. Freemark and D. White (1999), "Pricing Biodiversity", Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Vol. 38, No. 1, pp. 1-19.

Neave, P., E. Neave, T. Weins and T. Riche (2000), "Availability of Wildlife Habitat on Farmland", Chapter 15, in T. McRae, C.A.S. Smith and L.J. Gregorich (eds.), Environmental Sustainability of Canadian Agriculture: Report of the Agri-Environmental Indicator Project, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC), Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Available at: www.agr.ca/policy/environment/publications/list.html

New Zealand Ministry for the Environment (1998), Environmental Performance Indicators: Proposals for Terrestrial and Freshwater Biodiversity, Wellington, New Zealand.

Norderhaug, A. (1987), "De urterike slåtteengene" (only in Norwegian "Hay meadows rich in herbal plants"), Fortidsvern, Vol. 3, pp. 12-13.

OECD (1996), Saving Biological Diversity, Paris, France.

OECD (1997), Investing in Biological Diversity: The Cairns Conference, Paris, France.

OECD (1998), Towards Sustainable Development: Environmental Indicators, Paris, France.

OECD (1999), Handbook of Incentive Measures for Biodiversity — Design and Implementation, Paris, France.

OECD (2000a), OECD Agricultural Outlook 2000-2005, Paris, France.

OECD (2000b), Environmental Performance Reviews: Luxembourg, Paris, France.

OECD (2001), Handbook on the Applied Evaluation of Biodiversity, Paris, France, forthcoming.

Office of Technology Assessment (1993), Harmful nonindigenous species in the United States, United States Congress, OTA-F-565, US Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., United States. Available at: www.ota.nap.edu/pdf/1993idx.html

Pagiola, S. and J. Kellenberg (1997), Mainstreaming Biodiversity in Agricultural Development — Toward Good Practice, World Bank Environment Paper No. 15, World Bank, Washington, D.C., United States.

Paulsen, J. (1995), Der Biologische Kohlenstoffvorrat der Schweiz, (only in German "Biological Carbon Sinks in Switzerland"), Verlag Ruegger, Zurich, Switzerland.

Perrings, C. (1998), The Economics of Biodiversity Loss and Agricultural Development in Low Income Countries, paper prepared for the American Association of Agricultural Economists International Conference, "Agricultural Intensification, Economic Development and the Environment", 31 July- 1 August, Salt Lake City, Utah, United States.

Reid, W.V., J.A. McNeely, D.B. Tunstall, D.A. Bryant and M. Winograd (1993), Biodiversity Indicators for Policy-makers, World Resources Institute, Washington, D.C., United States.

RIVM [State Institute of Public Health and the Environment] (1998) Leefomgevingsbalans, voorzet voor vorm en inhoud, Bilthoven (only in Dutch "Balance for the Natural Environment"), The Netherlands.

RSPB [Royal Society for the Protection of Birds] (1999), The State of the UK's Birds 1999, RSPB Annual Report, Sandy, Bedfordshire, United Kingdom. Available at: www.rspb.org.uk [> Conservation Issues]

Saunders, D.A., C. Margules and B. Hill (1998), Environmental Indicators For National State of the Environment Reporting — Biodiversity, State of the Environment (Environmental Indicator Reports), Department of the Environment, Canberra, Australia.

Smale, M. (1997), "The Green Revolution and Wheat Genetic Diversity: Some Unfounded Assumptions", World Development, Vol. 25, No. 8, pp. 1257-1269.

Smale, M. (ed.) (1998), Farmers, Gene Banks and Crop Breeding: Economic Analysis of Diversity in Wheat, Maize, and Rice, International Maize and Wheat Improvement Centre, Mexico, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, United States.

Smith, F. (1996), "Biological diversity, ecosystem stability and economic development", Ecological Economics, Vol. 16, No. 3, pp. 191-203.

Spillane, C. (1999), Recent Developments in Biotechnology as they Relate to Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, Background Study Paper No. 9, FAO Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, Eighth Session, 19-23 April, Rome, Italy. Available at: www.fao.org/ag/cgrfa/docs8.htm

Steffens, K. and J.P. Hoehn (1997), Valuing Biodiversity: Issues and Illustrative Example, Staff Paper (97-7), February, Department of Agricultural Economics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, United States.

Thomas, J.A. (1984), "The conservation of butterflies in temperate countries: past efforts and lessons for the future", in R.I. Vane-Wright and P.R. Ackery (eds.), The Biology of Butterflies, Symposium of the Royal Entomological Society of London, No. 11, pp. 333-353, Academic Press, London, United Kingdom.

Tucker, G.M. and M.F.Heath (1994), Birds in Europe: their conservation status, BirdLife Conservation Series No. 3, BirdLife International, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

Tucker, G.M. and M.I. Evans (1997), Habitats for Birds in Europe: A Conservation Strategy for the Wider Environment, BirdLife Conservation Series No. 6, Birdlife International, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

UK Department of the Environment (1996), Indicators of Sustainable Development for the United Kingdom, London, United Kingdom. Available at: www.environment.detr.gov.uk [> Indicators of Sustainable Development for the UK]

USDA [United States Department of Agriculture] (1997), Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators, 1996-97, Agricultural Handbook No. 712, Natural Resources and Environment Division, Economic Research Service, Washington, D.C., United States. Available at: www.ers.usda.gov [Briefing Rooms > Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators]

Wossink, A., J. van Wenum, C. Jurgens and G. de Snoo (1999), "Co-ordinating economic, behavioural and spatial aspects of wildlife preservation in agriculture", European Review of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 26, No. 4, pp. 443-460.

Zohrabian, A. and G. Traxier (1999), Valuing Plant Genetic Resources: An Economic Model of Utilisation of the U.S. National Crop Germplasm Collection, paper presented to the Annual Meeting of the American Association of Agricultural Economics, 8-11 August, Nashville, Tennessee, United States.

WILDLIFE HABITATS

Baldock, D. (1999), "Indicators for High Nature Value Farming Systems in Europe", Chapter 9, pp. 121-135, in F. Brouwer and B. Crabtree (eds.), Environmental Indicators and Agricultural Policy, CAB International, Wallingford, United Kingdom.

Baldock, D., G. Beaufoy and J. Clark (1995), The Nature of Farming, Low Intensity Farming Systems in Nine European Countries, Institute for European Environmental Policy, London, United Kingdom.

Barr, C.J., R.G.H. Bunce, R.T. Clarke, R.M. Fuller, M.T. Furse, M.K. Gillespie, G.B. Groom, C.J. Hallam, D.C. Howard and M.J. Ness (1993), Countryside Survey 1990: Main Report, Department of the Environment, London, United Kingdom.

Christensen, D.K., E.M. Jacobsen and H. Nohr (1996), "A comparative study of bird faunas in conventionally and organically farmed areas", Dansk Orn. Foren, Tidsskr, Vol. 90, pp. 21-28.

Commonwealth of Australia (1998), Sustainable Agriculture — Assessing Australia’s Recent Performance, A Report to the Standing Committee on Agriculture and Resource Management (SCARM) of the National Collaborative Project on Indicators for Sustainable Agriculture, SCARM Technical Report No. 70, CSIRO Publishing, Victoria, Australia.

Crosson, P. and K. Frederick (1999), Impacts of Federal Policies and Programs on Wetlands, Discussion Paper 99-26, Resources for the Future, Washington, D.C., United States of America. Available at: www.rff.org/nat_resources/landuse.htm

Duelli, P., M.K. Obrist and D.R. Schmatz (1999), "Biodiversity evaluation in agricultural landscapes: above-ground insects", Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, Vol. 74, pp. 33-64.

EEA [European Environment Agency] (1998), Europe’s Environment: The Second Assessment, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg. Available at: themes.eea.eu.int [> all available reports]

EEA (1999), EUNIS Habitat Classification: Towards a Common Language on Habitats, Copenhagen, Denmark. Available at: themes.eea.eu.int [> all available reports]

European Commission (1999), Agriculture, Environment, Rural Development: Facts and Figures — A Challenge for Agriculture, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg. Available at: europa.eu.int/comm/dg06/envir/report/en/index.htm

EUROSTAT [Statistical Office of the European Communities] (1999), Towards Environmental Pressure Indicators for the EU, Environment and Energy Paper Theme 8, Luxembourg. The background documentation is available at: e-m-a-i-l.nu/tepi/ and esl.jrc.it/envind/

FAO [United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation] (1999), Central and Eastern European Sustainable Agriculture Network, First Workshop Proceedings, REU Technical Series 61, FAO Subregional Office for Central and Eastern Europe, Rome, Italy. Available at: www.fao.org/regional/europe/public-e.htm

Flather, C.H., S.J. Brady and D.B. Inkley (1992), "Regional habitat appraisals of wildlife communities: a landscape-level evaluation of a resource planning model using avian distribution data", Landscape Ecology, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 137-147.

Fuller, R.J., R.W. Gregory, D.W. Gibbons, J.H. Marchant, J.D. Wilson, S.R. Baillie and N. Carter (1998), "Population declines and range contractions among lowland farmland birds in Britain", Conservation Biology, Vol. 12, No. 9, pp. 1425-1441.

Haines-Young, R., C. Watkins, R.G.H. Bunce and C.J. Hallam (1996), Environmental Accounts for Land Cover, Countryside 1990 Series, Vol. 8, Department of the Environment, London, United Kingdom.

Heimlich, R.E., K.D. Wiebe, R. Claassen, D. Gadsby and R.M. House (1998), Wetlands and Agriculture: Private Interests and Public Benefits, Agricultural Economic Report No. 765, Economic Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C., United States. Available at: www.ers.usda.gov/epubs/pdf/aer765/

IUCN [World Conservation Union] (1999), Background study for the development of an IUCN Policy on Agriculture and Biodiversity, Report prepared by P. Nowicki, C. Potter and T. Reed, Wye College, University of London, United Kingdom. Available at: www.iucn.org/places/europe/eu/docs/Agriculture_Biodiversity.pdf

Kline, J. and D. Wichelns (1996), "Measuring public preferences for the environmental amenities provided by farmland", European Review of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 23, pp. 421-436.

Lowe, P. and M. Whitby (1998), "The CAP and the European Environment", Chapter 13, in C. Ritson and D.R. Harvey (eds.) The Common Agricultural Policy, 2nd Edition, CAB International, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Mac, M.J., P.A. Opler, C.E.P. Haecker and P.D. Doran (1998), Status and Trends of the Nation’s Biological Resources, Two Volumes, United States Department of the Interior, United States Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, United States. Available at: biology.usgs.gov/pubs/execsumm/page2.htm

Mäder, P., L. Pfiffner, A. Fließbach, M. von Lützow and J.C. Munch (1996), "Soil ecology — The impact of organic and conventional agriculture on soil biota and its significance for soil fertility", in T.V. Ostergaard (ed.), Fundamentals of Organic Agriculture, Proceedings of the 11th International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM) Conference, Copenhagen, Denmark.

MAFF [Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food] (2000), Towards Sustainable Agriculture — A Pilot Set of Indicators, London, United Kingdom. Available at: www.maff.gov.uk [Farming > Sustainable Agriculture]

Neave, P. and E. Neave (1998), Agroecosystem Biodiversity Indicator — Habitat Component: Review and Assessment of Concepts and Indicators of Wildlife and Habitat Availability in the Agricultural Landscape — Concept Paper, Report No. 26, Agri-Environmental Indicator Project, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Regina, Canada.

Neave, P., E. Neave, T. Weins and T. Riche (2000), "Availability of Wildlife Habitat on Farmland", Chapter 15, in T. McRae, C.A.S. Smith and L.J. Gregorich (eds.), Environmental Sustainability of Canadian Agriculture: Report of the Agri-Environmental Indicator Project, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC), Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Available at: www.agr.ca/policy/environment/publications/list.html

OECD (1997), The Environmental Effects of Agricultural Land Diversion Schemes, Paris, France.

OECD (1998), Environmental Performance Reviews: Korea, Paris, France.

OECD (2000), Information Note on the Use and Potential of Biomass Energy in OECD Countries, Paris, France.

Peco, B., J.E. Malo, J.J. Onate, F. Suarez and J. Sumpsi (1999), "Agri-environmental Indicators for Extensive Land-use Systems in the Iberian Peninsula", Chapter 10, pp. 137-156, in F. Brouwer and B. Crabtree (eds.), Environmental Indicators and Agricultural Policy, CAB International, Wallingford, United Kingdom.

Pfiffner, L. and U. Niggli (1996), "Effects of bio-dynamic, organic and conventional farming on ground beetles (Col. Carabidae) and other epigaeic arthropods in winter wheat", Biological Agriculture and Horticulture, Vol. 12, pp. 353-364.

Short. H.L. (1988), "A habitat structure model for natural resource management", Journal of Environmental Management, Vol. 27, pp. 289-305.

Stoate, C., R. Borralho and M. Araujo (2000), "Factors affecting corn bunting Miliaria calandra abundance in a Portuguese agricultural landscape", Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, Vol. 74, pp. 33-64.

Stott, A.P. and R. Haines-Young (1998), "Linking land cover, intensity of use and botanical diversity in an accounting framework in the United Kingdom", pp. 245-262, in K. Uno and P. Bartelmus (eds.), Environmental Accounting in Theory and Practice, Kluwer Academic Publications, The Netherlands.

Tucker, G.M. and M.I. Evans (1997), Habitats for Birds in Europe: A Conservation Strategy for the Wider Environment, BirdLife Conservation Series No. 6, Birdlife International, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

UNEP [United Nations Environment Programme] (1995), Global Diversity Assessment — Summary for Policy Makers, Nairobi, Kenya. Available at: www.unep.ch/iuc/

USDA [United States Department of Agriculture] (1997), Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators, 1996-97, Agricultural Handbook No. 712, Natural Resources and Environment Division, Economic Research Service, Washington, D.C., United States. Available at: www.ers.usda.gov [Briefing Rooms > Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators]

Wenum, J., A.O. Lansink and A. Wossink (1999), Farm Heterogeneity in Wildlife Production, paper presented to the American Agricultural Economics Association Annual Meeting, 8-11 August, Nashville, Tennessee, United States.

Wossink, A., J. van Wenum, C. Jurgens and G. de Snoo (1999), "Co-ordinating economic, behavioural and spatial aspects of wildlife preservation in agriculture", European Review of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 26, No. 4, pp. 443-460.

LANDSCAPE

Ashworth, S.W., K. Topp, F. Newcombe, J.P. Boutonnet and G. Brunori (1999), "The Demands of the Public from Agricultural Production, Landscape and the Environment", pp. 218-225, in ADAS, Agriculture and the Environment — Challenges and Conflicts for the New Millennium, Conference Proceedings, Wolverhampton, United Kingdom.

Bergstrom, J.C. (1998), Exploring and Expanding the Landscape Values Terrain, Faculty Paper Series FS 98-20, August, Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, United States.

Bjorklund, J., K.E. Limburg and T. Rydberg (1999), "Impact of production intensity on the ability of the agricultural landscape to generate ecosystem services: an example from Sweden", Ecological Economics, Vol. 29, No. 2, pp. 269-291.

Bonnieux, F. and P. Rainelli (1996), "Landscape and Nature Conservation — French Country Report", pp. 68-81, in J. Umstatter and S. Dabbert (eds.) (1996), Policies for Landscape and Nature Conservation in Europe, published as an inventory to the EU Concerted Action (AIR 3-CT93-1164) Workshop on Landscape and Nature Conservation, held on 26-29 September, University of Hohenheim, Germany.

Bonnieux, F. and R. Weaver (1996), "Environmentally Sensitive Area Schemes: Public Economics and Evidence", Chapter 12, in M. Whitby (ed.), The European Environment and CAP Reform — Policies and Prospects for Conservation, CAB International, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Bromley, D.W. (1997), "Environmental Benefits of Agriculture: Concepts", pp. 35-54, in OECD, Environmental Benefits of Agriculture, Issues and Policies, The Helsinki Seminar, Paris, France.

Cary, J. (2000), "The aesthetics of remnant vegetation and rural landscape features", in A. Hamblin (ed.), Visions of Future Landscapes, Proceedings of the Australian Academy of Science Fenner Conference on the Environment 2-5 May 1999, Canberra, Bureau of Rural Sciences, Canberra, Australia (in press). Details on the Conference are available at: www.brs.gov.au [Resources > Publications > Conference Proceedings]

Council of Europe (1998), Council for the Pan-European Biological and Landscape Diversity Strategy, STRA-CO(98)8rev, April, Strasbourg, France. Available at: www.strategyguide.org/fulltext.html

Countryside Commission (1993),  Landscape Assessment Guidance, Advisory booklet, United Kingdom.

Dramstad, W.E. and R. Lagbu (2000), Landscape Indicators — Where to now?, Norwegian Institute of Land Inventory (NIJOS), Document 8/00, As, Norway.

Dubgaard, A., I. Bateman and M. Merlo (eds.) (1994), Economic Valuation of Benefits from Countryside Stewardship, Proceedings of a Workshop organised by the Commission of the European Communities, Wissenschaftsverlag Vauk, Kiel, Germany.

EEA [European Environment Agency] (1995), "Landscapes", Chapter 8, in EEA, Europe’s Environment: The Dobris Assessment, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg. Available at: themes.eea.eu.int [> all available reports]

Environment Australia (1996), State of the Environment Report 1996: Executive Summary, Report to the Commonwealth Minister for the Environment, Department of the Environment and Heritage, Canberra, Australia. Available at: www.environment.gov.au/epcg/soe/soe96/soeexec2.html

Environment Canada (1999), The Importance of Nature to Canadians: Survey Highlights, Ottawa, Canada. Available at: www.ec.gc.ca/nature/splash.htm#s1

European Commission (1999), "From Soil to Landscape: A Fundamental Part of the European Union’s Heritage", Chapter 16, in European Commission, Agriculture, Environment, Rural Development: Facts and Figures — A Challenge for Agriculture, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg. Available at: europa.eu.int/comm/dg06/envir/report/en/index.htm

FAO [United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation] (1999), Central and Eastern European Sustainable Agriculture Network, First Workshop Proceedings, REU Technical Series 61, FAO Subregional Office for Central and Eastern Europe, Rome, Italy. Available at: www.fao.org/regional/europe/public-e.htm

Fjellstad, W.J. and W.E. Dramstad (1999), "Patterns of change in two contrasting Norwegian agricultural landscapes", Landscape and Urban Planning, Vol. 45, No. 4, pp. 177-191.

Frost, F. and P. Metcalf (1999), "Landscape in the future: Using Landscaping now to design our futures", in A. Hamblin (ed.) Visions of Future Landscapes, Proceedings of the Australian Academy of Science Fenner Conference on the Environment 2-5 May 1999, Canberra, Bureau of Rural Sciences, Canberra, Australia (in press). Details on the Conference are available at: www.brs.gov.au [Resources > Publications > Conference Proceedings]

Green, D.G. (2000), "Environmental futures — the role of information technology", in A. Hamblin (ed.) Visions of Future Landscapes, Proceedings of the Australian Academy of Science Fenner Conference on the Environment 2-5 May 1999, Canberra, Bureau of Rural Sciences, Canberra, Australia (in press). Details on the Conference are available at: www.brs.gov.au [Resources > Publications > Conference Proceedings]

Haines-Young, R., C. Watkins, R.G.H. Bunce and C.J. Hallam (1996), Environmental Accounts for Land Cover, Countryside 1990 Series, Vol. 8, Department of the Environment, London, United Kingdom.

Hamblin A. (ed.) (2000), Visions of Future Landscapes, Proceedings of the Australian Academy of Science Fenner Conference on the Environment 2-5 May 1999, Canberra, Bureau of Rural Sciences, Canberra, Australia (in press). Details on the Conference are available at: www.brs.gov.au [Resources > Publications > Conference Proceedings]

Hasund, K.P. (1998), "Valuable Landscapes and Reliable Estimates", pp. 65-83, in S. Dabbert, A. Dubgaard, L. Slangen and M. Whitby (eds.), The Economics of Landscape and Wildlife Conservation, CAB International, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Heimlich, R.E., K.D. Wiebe, R. Claassen, D. Gadsby and R.M. House (1998), Wetlands and Agriculture: Private Interests and Public Benefits, Agricultural Economic Report No. 765, Economic Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C., United States. Available at: www.ers.usda.gov/epubs/pdf/aer765/

Heineke, H.J., W. Eckelmann, A.J. Thomasson, R.J.A. Jones, L. Montanarella and B. Buckley (eds.) (1998), Land Information Systems — Developments for Planning the Sustainable Use of Land Resources, Research Report No. 4, European Soil Bureau, Official Publication of the European Communities, Luxembourg. Available at: esb.aris.sai.jrc.it/publications/

Hietala-Koivu, R., L. Tahvanainen, L. Nousiainen, T. Heikkilä, A. Alanen, M. Ihalainen, L. Tyrväinen and J. Helenius (1999), A Visual Landscape in Monitoring of the Finish Agri-environmental Programme, paper presented at the Statistics Denmark Seminar, "How can agricultural statistics meet environmental information needs?", July, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Holstein, F. (1998), "The values of the agricultural landscape: a discussion on value-related terms in natural and social sciences and the implications for the contingent valuation method", pp. 37-52, in S. Dabbert, A. Dubgaard, L. Slangen and M. Whitby (eds.), The Economics of Landscape and Wildlife Conservation, CAB International, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Ihse, M. (1995), "Swedish agricultural landscapes — patterns and changes during the last 50 years, studies by aerial photos", Landscape and Urban Planning, Vol. 31, No. 1, pp. 21-37.

Lefroy, E.C., R. Hobbs and T. Hatton (2000), "Effects of changing vegetation on hydrology and biodiversity", in A. Hamblin (ed.) Visions of Future Landscapes, Proceedings of the Australian Academy of Science Fenner Conference on the Environment 2-5 May 1999, Canberra, Bureau of Rural Sciences, Canberra, Australia (in press). Details on the Conference are available at: www.brs.gov.au [Resources > Publications > Conference Proceedings]

Mac, M.J., P.A. Opler, C.E.P. Haecker and P.D. Doran (1998), Status and Trends of the Nation’s Biological Resources, Two Volumes, United States Department of the Interior, United States Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, United States. Available at: biology.usgs.gov/pubs/execsumm/page2.htm

MAFF [Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food] (2000), Towards Sustainable Agriculture — A Pilot Set of Indicators, London, United Kingdom. Available at: www.maff.gov.uk [Farming > Sustainable Agriculture]

Meeus, J.H.A., M.P. Wijermans and M.J. Vroom (1990), "Agricultural landscapes in Europe and their transformation", Landscape and Urban Planning, Vol. 18, No. 3-4, pp. 289-352.

Mitchell, N. and S. Buggey (2000), "Protected Landscapes and Cutural Landscapes: Taking Advantage of Diverse Approaches", The George Wright Forum, Vol. 17, No. 1, pp. 35-46. Available at: www.georgewright.org/forum.html

Nassauer, J.I. (1989), "Agricultural policy and aesthetic objectives", Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, Vol. 44, No. 5, pp. 384-387.

Nassauer, J.I. (1992), "The appearance of ecological systems as a matter of policy", Landscape Ecology, Vol. 6, No. 4, pp. 239-250.

Nersten, N.K., O. Puschmann, J. Hofsten, A. Elgersma, G. Stokstad and R. Gudem (1999), The Importance of Norwegian Agriculture for the Cultural Landscape, Notat 11, Norwegian Institute of Land Inventory (NIJOS), Oslo, Norway.

OECD (1994), "Agricultural Policy Reform: Environmental Externalities and Public Goods", Part V, in OECD, Agricultural Policy Reform: New Approaches the Role of Direct Income Payments, Paris, France.

OECD (1998), Co-operative Approaches to Sustainable Agriculture, Paris, France.

OECD (2000), Agricultural Policies in OECD Countries: Monitoring and Evaluation 2000, Paris, France.

OFEFP [Office fédéral de l’environnement, des forêts et du paysage] (1998), Le paysage entre hier et demain (The landscape from yesterday to tomorrow, with English summary), Berne, Switzerland.

Olsson, G.A. and K. Rønningen (1999), Environmental Values in Norwegian Agricultural Landscapes, Report No. 10/99, Centre for Rural Research, Department of Botany, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.

Oskam, A. and L. Slangen (1998), "The financial and economic consequences of a wildlife development and conservation plan: A case study for the ecological main structure in the Netherlands", pp. 113-133, in S. Dabbert, A. Dubgaard, L. Slangen and M. Whitby (eds.), The Economics of Landscape and Wildlife Conservation, CAB International, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Pearson, M., D. Johnston, J. Lennon, I. McBryde, D. Marshall, D. Nash and B. Wellington (1998), Environmental Indicators for National State of the Environment Reporting — Natural and Cultural Heritage, Australia: State of the Environment (Environmental Indicator Reports), Department of the Environment, Canberra, Australia. Available at: www.environment.gov.au/soe/indicators.html

Porteous, J.D. (1996), Environmental Aesthetics, Routledge Publishers, London and New York.

Puschmann, O. (1998), The Norwegian Landscape Reference System — use of different sources as a base to describe landscape regions, Norwegian Institute of Land Inventory (NIJOS), NIJOS Report 12/98, Norway.

Ridley, A.M. and R. Joffre (2000), "The Iberian dehesa: Unrealistic parkland or practical solution?", in A. Hamblin (ed.), Visions of Future Landscapes, Proceedings of the Australian Academy of Science Fenner Conference on the Environment 2-5 May 1999, Canberra, Bureau of Rural Sciences, Canberra, Australia (in press). Details on the Conference are available at: www.brs.gov.au [Resources > Publications > Conference Proceedings]

Romstad, E. A. Vatn, P.K. Rorstad and V. Soyland (2000), Multifunctional Agriculture Implications for Policy Design, Report No. 21, Department of Economics and Social Sciences, Agricultural University of Norway, As, Norway. Available at: www.nlh.no/ios/publikasjoner/melding/m-21.html

Santos, J.M.L. (1998), The economic valuation of landscape change — Theory and policies for land use and conservation, New horizons in environmental economics, Edward Elgar Press, Cheltenham, United Kingdom.

Sinner, J. (1997), "New Zealand: Policy Considerations regarding Landscape Amenities and Biodiversity from Sustainable Agriculture", pp. 229-235, in OECD, Helsinki Seminar on Environmental Benefits from Agriculture — Country Case Studies, Paris, France. Available at: www.oecd.org/agr/publications/index1.htm

Slangen, L.H.G. (1992), "Policies for nature and landscape conservation in Dutch agriculture: An evaluation of objectives, means, effects and programme costs", European Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 19, pp. 331-350.

Smith, C.A.S. and T. McRae (2000), "Understanding and Assessing the Environmental Sustainability of Agriculture", Chapter 2, in T. McRae, C.A.S. Smith and L.J. Gregorich (eds.), Environmental Sustainability of Canadian Agriculture: Report of the Agri-Environmental Indicator Project, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC), Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Available at: www.agr.ca/policy/environment/publications/list.html

Tanokura, N., M. Yokohari, K. Yamamoto and Y. Kato (1999), "Local residents impressions and perceptions on paddy field landscapes: A case study in Hiki region, Saitama Prefecture, Japan" (in Japanese with English summary), Lando Skepu Kenkyu (Journal of Landscape Research), Vol. 62, No. 5, pp. 727-732.

Umstatter, J. and S. Dabbert (eds.) (1996), Policies for Landscape and Nature Conservation in Europe, published as an inventory to the EU Concerted Action (AIR 3-CT93-1164) Workshop on Landscape and Nature Conservation, held on 26-29 September, University of Hohenheim, Germany.

van Huylenbroeck, G. and M. Whitby (eds.) (1999), Countryside Stewardship: Farmers' Policies and Markets, Pergamon Press, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

van Mansvelt, J.D. and M.J. van der Lubbe (1999), Checklist for Sustainable Landscape Management, Final Report of a European Communities Concerted Action Programme, Elsevier Press, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Wascher, D. (ed.) (1997), European landscapes: Classification, evaluation and conservation, European Environment Agency, Environment Monograph 3, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Wascher, D. (ed.) (2000), Landscapes and Sustainability. Proceedings of the European Workshop on Landscape Assessment as a Policy Tool, 25-26 March 1999, Strasbourg, France, European Centre for Nature Conservation, Tilburg, The Netherlands.

Williams, J.M. (2000), "Sustainable Development of Land uses in New Zealand: Utopian Vision or Realistic Goal?", in A. Hamblin (ed.), Visions of Future Landscapes, Proceedings of the Australian Academy of Science Fenner Conference on the Environment 2-5 May 1999, Canberra, Bureau of Rural Sciences, Canberra, Australia (in press). Details on the Conference are available at: www.brs.gov.au [Resources > Publications > Conference Proceedings]

Wrbka, T., E. Szerencsits, K. Reiter and A. Kiss (1999), "Identifying sustainable land-use by describing landscape structure. A case study in alpine and lowland agricultural landscapes of Austria", in C. Brebbia and J.L. Uso (eds.), Ecosystems and Sustainable Development, WIT Press, Ashurst, United Kingdom.

Yokohari, M., R.D. Brown and K.Takeuchi (1994), "A framework for the conservation of rural ecological landscapes in the urban fringe area in Japan", Landscape and Urban Planning, Vol. 29, pp. 103-116.