Services trade

Services-led Competitiveness: Peer Learning from Emerging Global Players, 29-30 November 2010

 

 

Expert Meeting on Trade in Services

Services-led Competitiveness: Peer Learning from Emerging Global Players

29-30 November 2010, Room A at the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency, Paris

 

 

 

 


Agenda (.pdf)Session Details - Venue, Transport and Hotels

 

Background and purpose of the meeting

 

In most emerging economies, services represent a growing share of domestic GDP, and some sectors such as transport, communications and finance provide critical backbone services for the rest of the economy. Furthermore, some sectors are important from a human development perspective, enabling access to basic services (e.g. health and education) that enhance people’s capabilities. In this context, the case for open and competitive services markets holds the potential to deliver significant economic and social gains.

 

The OECD Trade and Agriculture Directorate has accorded priority to work on trade in services that will, over time, contribute to the knowledge base in this area and build reliable measurement tools. Despite the growing importance of services trade, the paucity of data makes it difficult to measure trade flows or assess their impact on variables of economic interest. Furthermore, it is difficult to understand how to reduce barriers and other obstacles to trade in services. Hence, collecting statistics on services flows and information on barriers to services trade constitute high priorities in current research programmes on trade in services.   

 

Against this backdrop, the purpose of this meeting was to share information on ongoing efforts to develop sources of information and indicators for trade in services, with a view to stimulating discussion on the relative merits and shortcomings of these analytical tools, as well as their policy relevance for emerging economies. The meeting presented an important opportunity to solicit inputs from major emerging economies while the work was still ongoing, in order to integrate countries’ needs and perspectives in the research process. To this end, the meeting convened senior services experts from emerging economies to discuss new analytical tools and assess their relevance for informing evidence-based policy.

 

The meeting covered three main topics in services trade research, namely developments in collecting and compiling services trade data, methodologies for constructing services trade restrictiveness indices, and datasets on services commitments under regional trade agreements (RTAs) and GATS. This was be complemented by country presentations from senior trade officials exploring emerging services exports, their regulatory environment, and policy barriers confronted in OECD and non-OECD markets.

 

Session details and background documents

 

Session I: Statistics on Trade in Services: New Developments

Session II: Stocktaking of Regional and Multilateral Services Commitments

Session III: Country Panels: Emerging Services Exports & Policy Environment

Session IV: Assessing Barriers to Trade in Services

 

Introduction

 

Welcome remarks and overview of meeting

Ken Ash, Director of the the OECD Trade and Agriculture Directorate

Dale Andrew, Head of the Trade Policy Linkages and Services Division, OECD Trade and Agriculture Directorate

 

Session I: Statistics on Trade in Services: New Developments

 

Speakers:

Andreas Maurer, Chief, International Trade Statistics Section, Economic Research and Statistics Division of the World Trade Organization (WTO) (Presentation)

Bettina Wistrom, Administrator, OECD Statistics Directorate ((Presentation)

 

Background documents for this session:


Other relevant references:

 

Session II: Stocktaking of Regional and Multilateral Services Commitments

 

Speakers:

Sébastien Miroudot, Marie Sudreau, Jehan Sauvage of the Trade Policy Linkages and Services Division, OECD Trade and Agriculture Directorate (Presentation)

 

Discussion

 

 

Session III: Country Panels: Emerging Services Exports & Policy Environment

 

An important component of the meeting aimed at exploiting opportunities for peer learning was the presentations from high-level national services experts. The country panels showcased emerging services exports, their regulatory environment, and policy barriers confronted in OECD and non-OECD markets.

 

Along these lines, some of the questions that participants addressed are below.

  • Driving Services & Regulatory Environment: What are the key and emerging services sectors of the country, and what role do they play in the economy (e.g. contribution to GDP, employment, etc.).  What is the domestic regulatory environment in these sectors, including impacts of recent reforms?
  • Barriers in Services Trade:  What are the most important policy barriers to providing services in foreign markets, in particular in OECD markets? What is the preferred mode of supply to foreign markets (cross-border supply, commercial presence, or supply by natural persons)?
  • Informational Gaps & Research Initiatives: What are the informational needs of the country, and what kinds of efforts are underway to improve services data on trade flows and restrictions? 
  • Indonesia: Mrs. Sondang Anggraini, Director for Trade in Services Negotiations, Ministry of Trade of the Republic of Indonesia (Presentation)
  • India: Mr. Vijay Kumar, Counsellor, Permanent Mission of India to the WTO (Presentation)
  • Hong-Kong, China: Mr. Sam Hui, Deputy Representative of the Hong-Kong Special Administrative Region of China to the WTO
  • South Africa: Mr. Kobus Du Plooy and Mr Sudhir Sooklal, Co-Directors for Trade in Services, Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) (Presentation)
  • Brazil: Mr. Ancelomo Gois, Head of Trade in Services Division, Ministry of External Relations of Brazil (Presentation)
  • Argentina: Mrs. María Inés Rodríguez, Counsellor, Direction of Multilateral Economic Negotiations, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Worship; Mr. Rodrigo Bardoneschi, Secretary, Permanent Mission of Argentina to the WTO (Presentation)
  • Malaysia: Ms. Hiswani Harun, Ambassador, Permanent Mission of Malaysia to the WTO (Presentation)
  • Thailand: Mr. Ronnarong Phoolpitat, Director for ASEAN Trade in Services, Department of Trade Negotiation Services, Ministry of Trade; and Mr. Pornchai Prapavong, Counsellor, Permanent Mission of Thailand to the WTO (Presentation)
  • Vietnam:  Ms. Anh Thu Nguyen, Official, Services Sector Department, Ministry of Planning and Investment; and Mr. Thai Son, Trade Counselor, Permanent Mission of Vietnam to the WTO (Presentation)
  • Philippines:  Ms. Millicent Joy Urgel, National Economic Development Authority; and Mr. Jose Victor Chan-Gonzaga, Second Secretary, Permanent Mission of the Philippines to the WTO (Presentation)


Session IV: Assessing Barriers to Trade in Services

 

Speaker:

Hildegunn Nordås, Senior Services Expert, Trade Policy Linkages and Services Division, OECD Trade and Agriculture Directorate (Presentation)

 

Background documents for this session:


Background information from previous meetings:


Discussion

 

Session V: Conclusions and the way forward

 

Speakers:

Dale Andrew, Head of Trade Policy Linkages and Services Division, OECD Trade and Agriculture Directorate

Nordas Hildegunn, Senior Services Expert, Trade Policy Linkages and Services Division, OECD Trade and Agriculture Directorate

 

Discussion

 

Other links


In addition to its members, the OECD develops partnerships and works closely with many other economies around the world.

 

For information on OECD’work with non-OECD members, including Enhanced Engagement and Southeast Asian countries, see Global Relations Network: www.oecd.org/globalrelations.

 

 


 

Bookmark this page: www.oecd.org/trade/services/emergingeconomies.

 

 

 

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