Working Papers

  • 16-August-2011


    Agricultural Progress and Poverty Reduction: Synthesis Report

    Is agriculture more important than other sources of earned income in reducing poverty? Which government policy actions have contributed most? This study compares socio-economic characteristics of twenty-five countries that have made exceptional progress in reducing poverty.

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  • 11-August-2011


    Trade in Tasks

    Trade in tasks represents the latest turn in a virtuous cycle of deepening specialisation of labour, expansion of the market and productivity growth. This paper analyses the task content of goods and services and sheds light on structural changes that take place following trade liberalisation.

  • 8-August-2011


    Trade-Related Measures Based on Processes and Production Methods in the Context of Climate-Change Mitigation

    How is international trade affected by climate change mitigation measures relating to non-product-related processes and production methods (PPMs)? This study looks at PPM measures adopted in the United States, the European Union, Canada and other countries.

  • 4-August-2011


    Farm Level Analysis of Risk and Risk Management Strategies and Policies: Technical Note

    A technical note describing the data source and analytical methods used to measure risk exposure at farm level; the stochastic simulation model to analyze farm behaviour and policy performance under risk; and cluster analysis to select representative farms for model calibration.

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  • 5-July-2011


    Estimating the Constraints to Trade of Developing Countries

    Tariffs, government policies and availability of credit and electricity are among the factors that restrict the trade expansion of developing countries. This report identifies and quantifies these constraints, and includes case studies of Azerbaijan and Uganda.

  • 28-June-2011


    Trade in Information and Communications Technology and its Contribution to Trade and Innovation

    Trade liberalisation in the information and communications technology (ICT) sector, a major contributor to innovation and productivity growth, can help foster competition and reduce prices for consumers, according to this study.

  • 27-June-2011


    Intra-Firm Trade: Patterns, Determinants and Policy Implications

    Offshoring by OECD-based multinationals is mainly carried out in other OECD economies and often in high-cost countries, for high-value, knowledge-intensive activities. Developing economies must try to attract these types of activities and not be confined to low-value activities.

  • 1-June-2011


    Changing Patterns of Trade in Processed Agricultural Products

    Trade in processed agricultural products, such as chocolates, steaks or wines, has increased between emerging economies, as have exports from emerging to high-income countries. However, trade in these products is still dominated by high-income countries.

  • 27-May-2011


    Trade in Services Related to Climate Change: An Exploratory Analysis

    The deployment of greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation technologies depends on international trade in services such as business, telecommunications and construction and related engineering, typically through cross-border Internet trade and temporary movement of personnel.

  • 12-May-2011


    Regional Trade Agreements and the Environment: Monitoring Implementation and Assessing Impacts

    How are environmental provisions incorporated in regional trade agreements (RTAs)? What are the environmental impacts of RTAs? Participants at a recent OECD workshop discussed these issues and shared ideas on co-operation activities, consultation mechanisms and dispute settlement.

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