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Greater trade openness does not necessarily have an adverse effect on employment, and labour market mobility and flexibility can help countries gain from globalisation, according to this comparison of Denmark and Spain.
The most open sectors of the Chilean economy show higher wages relative to the other sectors, according to this analysis of the relationship between wages and levels of trade and foreign direct investment (FDI) openness in twenty-nine sectors in Chile.
OECD analyses how the increasing number of regional and bilateral trade agreements deal with environmental issues. This document sets out a framework for evaluating the implementation of environmental provisions in regional trade agreements.
OECD papers on trade and environment, free to access and download, on how trade affects the environment and how environmental concerns affect trade, covering a wide range of issues and countries.
Trade has little impact on individual-level wages, according to this analysis of the link between trade and labour market outcomes (such as wages and employment) in Germany.
This paper examines the effects of exports on employment (i.e. the number of workers), working-hours, and total worker-hours (i.e. employment times working-hours) in Japan.
The reduction in trade costs associated with Mexico's entry to the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is related to larger employment expansions in low-skill occupations, according to this study.
Empirical evidence on the relationship between trade and informal labour markets suggests variations due to country-specific characteristics - in particular, labour market rigidity, capital mobility, level of economic development and heterogeneity of the informal workforce.
Agriculture continues to create jobs in rural areas of South Africa, albeit mainly in low-wage occupations, and future trade liberalisation would increase employment in the agricultural sector, according to this study.