Working Papers


  • 9-April-2013

    English

    Cross-Border Trade in Electricity and the Development of Renewables-Based Electric Power: Lessons from Europe

    To benefit fully from cross-border trade in electricity, interconnected countries need to establish a non-discriminatory trading regime based on co-operation and co-ordination, says this study of trade in renewables-based electric power in Europe.

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  • 8-April-2013

    English

    State-Owned Enterprises: Trade Effects and Policy Implications

    With a growing integration via trade and investment, state-owned enterprises (SOEs) that have traditionally been oriented towards domestic markets increasingly compete with private firms in the global market place. This paper presents a conceptual discussion of how potential SOE advantages can generate cross-border effects.

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  • 28-March-2013

    English

    Export Restrictions: Benefits of Transparency and Good Practices

    Transparent trade legislation, policies and practices benefit governments and business alike by reducing uncertainty and transaction costs, simplifying procedures and encouraging investment. This paper studies the information published online by 33 countries on their export restriction policies in the minerals sector, and presents a checklist of best practices for addressing gaps in the availability and accessibility of information.

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  • 7-March-2013

    English

    Mineral Resource Trade in Chile: Contribution to Development and Policy Implications

    Instead of resorting to trade measures such as export restrictions, Chile manages its minerals sector through a combination of balanced taxation, stable investment measures, good management of tax revenue, exchange rate policy and initiatives aimed at producing a multiplier effect of economy-wide development, according to this study.

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  • 4-March-2013

    English

    Trade Facilitation Indicators: The Potential Impact of Trade Facilitation on Developing Countries' Trade

    Drawing on OECD trade facilitation indicators, this paper finds that the combined effect of comprehensive trade facilitation reform would reach almost 14.5% reduction of total trade costs for low income countries, 15.5% for lower middle income countries and 13.2% for upper middle income countries.

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