Working Papers


  • 10-June-2013

    English

    Smallholder Risk Management in Developing Countries

    How do small farms in developing countries manage risk? This paper assesses farm-level agricultural risk management strategies in Brazil, China and Viet Nam. Farmers in developing countries often rely on community strategies such as crop sharing, or deplete their assets and so perpetuate poverty. Policies to promote investment, such as access to credit and insurance, can help smallholders move out of poverty or into the non-farm sector.

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  • 23-May-2013

    English

    Cross Country Analysis of Farm Economic Performance

    Large farm size, low age profile, high educational level and use of financial leverage are factors in high economic performance of farms, according to this analysis of data from nine OECD countries and regions. The analysis shows significant differences in farm economic performances within countries as well as across countries.

  • 17-May-2013

    English

    Multilateralising Regionalism on Government Procurement

    The potential multilateralisation of government procurement commitments in regional trade agreements (RTAs) presents many issues and challenges. To what extent do RTAs go beyond the 2012 revised Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA), and how do they differ among trading partners? This report surveys 47 RTAs in force with government procurement provisions where an OECD member is a party.

  • 15-May-2013

    English

    The Costs and Challenges of Implementing Trade Facilitation Measures - OECD Trade Policy Papers No. 157

    The costs to implement and maintain trade facilitation measures are not large and far smaller than the benefits gained from implementing these measures, according to this study. Moreover, an increasing amount of technical and financial assistance to implement these measures has been made available to developing countries over the last decade.

  • 14-May-2013

    English

    Global Production Networks and Employment: A Developing Country Perspective

    International firms in developing economies tend to employ more workers and pay higher wages than firms dealing exclusively with the domestic market, according to this paper demonstrating the links between global value chains (GVCs)and labour market outcomes. Engagement in international activities provides greater opportunities for women to enter the formal employment market.

  • 14-May-2013

    English

    Global Value Chains and Developing Country Employment: A Literature Review

    How do global value chains (GVCs) impact employment markets in developing countries? This paper reviews the literature on the subject, focusing on the labour market impacts of three processes that lie at the core of GVC development: importing, exporting, and foreign direct investment (FDI). Two case studies are presented

  • 7-May-2013

    English

    Trade Costs: What Have We Learned? A Synthesis Report

    Understanding trade costs is essential for formulating policy interventions designed to reduce such costs. This report synthesises all OECD work on cost factors across the entire trade chain.

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  • 24-April-2013

    English

    Different Partners, Different Patterns: Trade and Labour Market Dynamics in Brazil's Post-Liberalisation Period

    The extent to which external exposure of the Brazilian economy has contributed to employment is evaluated. Total employment variation was decomposed using the Input-Output Matrix methodology for the years 2000-07 to identify the contribution of the final demand components. The volume of direct employment associated with exports was then estimated according to worker's skill level and the geographical composition of Brazilian exports.

  • 16-April-2013

    English

    The Role of Services for Competitiveness in Manufacturing

    What is the role of services in international merchandise trade, especially as new technology changes the way production is organised? This study analyses the relationship between competitiveness in manufacturing and the quality of key supporting services. Three primary indicators of competitiveness are considered: the degree of product differentiation, unit prices obtained in export markets and the duration of trade.

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