Working Papers


  • 1-April-2009

    English, , 775kb

    Extensive Margins in Agriculture

    This paper examines whether the growth in agricultural trade of 69 countries between 1996 and 2006 has taken place at the intensive or the extensive margin.

  • 23-March-2009

    English, , 225kb

    Update on Environment and Regional Trade Agreements:Developments in 2007

    This document provides an update on developments in the field of regional trade agreements and environment in late 2006 and 2007. It is based on publicly available information and includes an overview of provisions on environment in trade agreements signed since end 2006.

  • 1-March-2009

    English, , 403kb

    Role, Usage and Motivation for Contracting in Agriculture

    Agri-food sectors have seen an increasing use of contracts, which raises concerns such as market transparency and the role of government. This paper looks at the incentives behind this increase in contract use and identifies emerging policy issues.

  • 20-February-2009

    English, , 795kb

    Informal Cross-Border Trade and Trade Facilitation Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa

    This study examines the extent and nature of informal cross-border trade in selected Sub-Saharan African countries and identifies which trade facilitation measures have the potential to encourage traders to switch from informal to formal trade.

  • 13-February-2009

    English, , 381kb

    Assessing barriers to trade in services in the MENA region

    Significant regulatory reforms have taken place in the service sectors of Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Morocco over the last decade, but a broad range of restrictions still remain.

  • 6-February-2009

    English, , 655kb

    The Impact of Services Trade Liberalisation on Trade in Non-agricultural Products

    Trade in services contributes to a broader services supplier base that supports competitiveness in high-technology and high-value added manufacturing.

  • 5-February-2009

    English, , 360kb

    Smallholder Adjustment in Middle-Income Countries

    The agricultural sectors of middle income countries are transforming rapidly, as part of the broader process of economic development. Much of the resulting adjustment pressure falls on less competitive smallholders.

  • 5-February-2009

    English, , 324kb

    Modelling Agricultural Trade and Policy Impacts in Less Developed Countries

    The role of agricultural policies in addressing the development needs of poorer countries is high on the political agenda, for both structural reasons and as a result of recent market developments.

  • 1-February-2009

    English, , 401kb

    Interaction of Public and Private Standards in the Food Chain

    This report looks at the interface between public and private food standards in modern food chains, the role these standards play in contemporary food systems and how they interact in establishing incentives for food suppliers to provide high quality products to markets.

  • 22-January-2009

    English, , 1,050kb

    Recovery and Beyond: Enhancing Competitiveness to Realise Indonesia’s Trade Potential

    There is much scope for trade to enhance economic growth in Indonesia. This paper analyses Indonesian trade policy following the Asian Financial crisis, and identifies some key reforms that may help to increase competitiveness.

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