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This paper examines whether the growth in agricultural trade of 69 countries between 1996 and 2006 has taken place at the intensive or the extensive margin.
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This document provides an update on developments in the field of regional trade agreements and environment in late 2006 and 2007. It is based on publicly available information and includes an overview of provisions on environment in trade agreements signed since end 2006.
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Agri-food sectors have seen an increasing use of contracts, which raises concerns such as market transparency and the role of government. This paper looks at the incentives behind this increase in contract use and identifies emerging policy issues.
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This study examines the extent and nature of informal cross-border trade in selected Sub-Saharan African countries and identifies which trade facilitation measures have the potential to encourage traders to switch from informal to formal trade.
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Significant regulatory reforms have taken place in the service sectors of Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Morocco over the last decade, but a broad range of restrictions still remain.
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Trade in services contributes to a broader services supplier base that supports competitiveness in high-technology and high-value added manufacturing.
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The agricultural sectors of middle income countries are transforming rapidly, as part of the broader process of economic development. Much of the resulting adjustment pressure falls on less competitive smallholders.
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The role of agricultural policies in addressing the development needs of poorer countries is high on the political agenda, for both structural reasons and as a result of recent market developments.
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This report looks at the interface between public and private food standards in modern food chains, the role these standards play in contemporary food systems and how they interact in establishing incentives for food suppliers to provide high quality products to markets.
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There is much scope for trade to enhance economic growth in Indonesia. This paper analyses Indonesian trade policy following the Asian Financial crisis, and identifies some key reforms that may help to increase competitiveness.