OECD countries aim to achieve their environmental objectives in agriculture by using a varying mix of policy instruments. This report looks at developments in these policies since the mid-1990s.
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The Millennium Declaration set 2015 as the target date for halving the number of people living in extreme poverty. This paper examines the role of the agricultural sector and looks at 25 developing countries who have posted extraordinary success in reducing extreme poverty.
The paper reviews the international legal framework governing international fisheries, the economic issues underlying allocations, and the current state of play in the allocation regimes in regional fisheries management organisations (RFMOs).
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Maritime transport costs have a significant impact on the trade in agricultural goods, representing on average 10% of the imported value of agricultural products. A doubling of shipping costs is linked to an average drop of 42% in agricultural trade, says this paper.
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This report develops a conceptual framework for the assessment of costs and benefits associated with non-tariff measures in agro-food trade that allows an evidence-based comparative assessment of alternative regulatory approaches.
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Maritime transport costs have a significant impact on the trade in agricultural goods. Maritime transport costs represent a high proportion of the imported value of agricultural products -- 10% on average, which is a similar level of magnitude as agricultural tariffs.
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Societal concerns relating to agriculture play an important role in the development of national policies, with implications for trade and international relations. This study looks at how these concerns are addressed both at national level and in the context of WTO provisions.