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Maritime transport costs have a significant impact on the trade in agricultural goods. Maritime transport costs represent a high proportion of the imported value of agricultural products -- 10% on average, which is a similar level of magnitude as agricultural tariffs.
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Societal concerns relating to agriculture play an important role in the development of national policies, with implications for trade and international relations. This study looks at how these concerns are addressed both at national level and in the context of WTO provisions.
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This paper discusses the economic impacts of the phase-out of the Multi-Fibre Arrangement (MFA), which was provided for under the 1994 Agreement on Textiles and Clothing (ATC).
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This paper examines key trade and trade related issues facing South Africa and describes South Africa’s re-entry into the global trade architecture and its economic growth in the context of its trade performance.
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This study examines economic implications of India’s trade and trade policy reforms during the period from 1990 to 2007. It first describes India’s economic growth and the composition and performance of its trade at the product and broad sector level.
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Firms find advantages in sourcing inputs from abroad and in fragmenting their production process. This report describes and illustrates new firm strategies of vertical specialisation and explores the trade policy implications of new patterns of trade and investment.
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Many developing countries took measures in the face of high international agricultural commodity prices from 2006 to 2008, while an international response focused on emergency relief and renewed investment in agricultural development. This paper examines these two approaches.
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Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) is one of the most contagious animal diseases. This paper describes different options for policy intervention in the case of an FMD epidemic. It also gives an overview of the history of FMD in OECD and selected non-OECD countries, including policy measures taken.