Working Papers


  • 7-March-2013

    English

    Mineral Resource Trade in Chile: Contribution to Development and Policy Implications

    Instead of resorting to trade measures such as export restrictions, Chile manages its minerals sector through a combination of balanced taxation, stable investment measures, good management of tax revenue, exchange rate policy and initiatives aimed at producing a multiplier effect of economy-wide development, according to this study.

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  • 11-December-2012

    English

    Regulatory Transparency in Multilateral Agreements Controlling Exports of Tropical Timber, E-Waste and Conflict Diamonds

    This paper examines how three multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) incorporate transparency into their regulatory regimes: CITES (endangered species, especially tropical timber), the Basel Convention (hazardous e-waste), and the Kimberley Process (conflict diamonds)

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  • 12-October-2012

    English

    Taking Stock of Measures Restricting the Export of Raw Materials: Analysis of OECD Inventory Data

    Governments appear increasingly inclined to apply border and domestic measures to restrict the export of raw materials. For industrial raw materials, the OECD is constructing an Inventory of measures that have been applied since 2009. The underlying survey covers some 100 countries, some 15 types of measures and most minerals, metals and wood. This paper analyses 2009-2010 data collected so far for the minerals and metals sector.

  • 16-July-2012

    English

    Multilateralising Regionalism: Disciplines on Export Restrictions in Regional Trade Agreements

    World Trade Organisation (WTO) disciplines in the policy area of export restrictions could benefit in a number of ways from the approaches found in some regional trade agreements, according to this study.

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  • 26-March-2012

    English

    Trade Effects of Exchange Rates and their Volatility: Chile and New Zealand

    Exchange rate volatility impacts trade flows in small, open economies more than for larger economies, according to this study of trade in the agricultural and the manufacturing and mining sectors of Chile and New Zealand.

  • 12-October-2011

    English

    To What Extent Do Exchange Rates and their Volatility Affect Trade?

    Exchange rate levels affect trade flows in agriculture and in the manufacturing and mining sector in China, the Euro area and the United States, though they do not explain in their entirety the trade imbalances in these three economies, this paper finds.

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  • 11-April-2011

    English

    Transparency Mechanisms and Non-Tariff Measures: Case Studies

    Transparent design and implementation of domestic regulation reduces business costs for the public and private sector, according to these case studies from Australia, the European Union, the United Kingdom and the United States.

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  • 6-August-2010

    English

    The Use of International Standards in Technical Regulation

    To what extent do governments use international standards in their technical regulations? This paper looks at the electrical household appliance, natural gas equipment and telephony sectors in Canada, Japan, Korea, Mexico, United States and the European Union.

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  • 19-July-2010

    English

    Recent Trends in Export Restrictions

    Export restrictions on raw materials, including commodities like metals and minerals, are not always effective in meeting policy objectives and should be subject to greater transparency, says this OECD study of recent trends in these measures.

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