Non-tariff measures

Non-Tariff Measures in Food and Agriculture: which road ahead?


Organized jointly with the International Food & Agricultural Trade Policy Council 

September 13, 2011

OECD Conference Center, Paris, France

Information for participants | Session details | Background reading | Contact
Summary Record of the Workshop new |

Regulations in the food and agriculture sector increasingly lead to the application of Non-Tariff Measures (NTMs) that affect international trade. There is a need to step up efforts to promote greater transparency on NTMs and to improve our ability to measure their impact. Improved design of NTMs can also improve policy coherence, including from a development perspective. WTO rules and bilateral and other preferential trade agreements pertain to food-related NTMs and they are likely to take up more of the trade policy agenda in the future.

The OECD and the International Food & Agricultural Trade Policy Council are pleased to announce an international seminar on NTMs to take place at the OECD in Paris, France on September 13, 2011.

This discussion among high-level experts from governments, international organizations, the private sector, academic institutions and civil society organizations will address the following topics:

  • What elements are of greatest interest to policymakers, businesses and other stakeholders and how should these be most usefully and most efficiently captured?

  • It is more difficult both to track and measure the impact of NTMs than, for example, tariffs. How does new innovative work improve our ability to do so?

  • How can greater transparency and improved policy coherence for development on both existing and planned NTMs be achieved? What can be learned from trade disciplines in bilateral and regional trade agreements?


 Information for participants


 Session details

• Raed Safadi, Deputy Director of the Trade and Agriculture Directorate, OECD, [BIO]
• Carlo Trojan, International Food & Agricultural Trade Policy Council (IPC), [BIO]


Keynote Address: Hubert Escaith, WTO, “Improving our State of Knowledge around NTMs”, [BIO]
Keynote Address: Alan Deardorff, University of Michigan–“Defining a NTM Agenda”, [BIO], [Presentation]


Panel Discussion: Transparency and Tracking of NTMs
Chair: Frank van Tongeren,
Head of the PTA Division, OECD, [BIO]

• Kazuaki Miyagishima, OIE, “The development of international standards for animal health”, [BIO], [Presentation]
• Malcolm Bailey, Fonterra and IPC:  “NTMs in the Dairy Sector”, [BIO], [Presentation]

• Alessandro Nicita, "UNCTAD/World Bank/AFDB/ITC Joint initiative on transparency in trade", [BIO], [Presentation]
• Marie Luise Rau, LEI- Wageningen UR and NTM Impact project “Regulatory heterogeneity: comparing NTMs in agri-food trade across countries “, [BIO], [Presentation]


Panel Discussion: Measuring the Trade and Economic Effects of NTMs

Chair: Ruth Nyagah, Africert Ltd, [BIO]
• Martin von Lampe, OECD, “Costs and benefits of NTMs”, [BIO], [Presentation]
• Debapriya Bhattacharya, Centre for Policy Dialogue (Bangladesh) and IPC, "Impact of NTMs on LDCs", [BIO]
• Christine Wieck, University of Bonn and NTM Impact project, "Trade and income impacts of selected NTMs in the dairy, fruit and vegetables, and meat sector.", [BIO], [Presentation]
Carolin Averbeck, International Trade Center, “Company perspectives on obstacles to agro-food exports - Results from surveys in Burkina Faso, Malawi, Paraguay, Peru, Rwanda, Sri Lanka”, [BIO], [Presentation]

Jikun Huang, Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy, Chinese Academy of Sciences and IPC, "Impact of NTMs for Chinese exports and imports", [BIO], [Presentation]


Panel Discussion: NTMs in Trade Agreements and Negotiations
Chair: Eckhart Guth,
former Ambassador of the European Union to the WTO,  [BIO]

• Gretchen Stanton, WTO, “Emerging SPS issues – implications for international co-operation”, [BIO], [Presentation]
• Iza Lejarraga, OECD, “NTM transparency provisions in FTAs”,  [BIO], [Presentation]
• Willem-Jan Laan, Unilever and IPC, “Business perspective on the NTM Policy Agenda”, [BIO]



Charlotte Hebebrand, IPC  - [BIO] -  and Frank van Tongeren, OECD

 Background reading


OECD Working Papers


IPC Papers




Substantive queries should be addressed to Frank van Tongeren (;

Logistical queries should be addressed to Marina Giacalone (


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