Export restrictions on raw materials can have a negative impact on the efficient allocation of resources, international trade and the competitiveness and development of industries in both importing and exporting countries, according to this collection of papers.
To what extent do governments use international standards in their technical regulations? This paper looks at the electrical household appliance, natural gas equipment and telephony sectors in Canada, Japan, Korea, Mexico, United States and the European Union.
Export restrictions on raw materials, including commodities like metals and minerals, are not always effective in meeting policy objectives and should be subject to greater transparency, says this OECD study of recent trends in these measures.
Cost-benefit analysis can help identify least-cost solutions of non-tariff measures (NTMs) designed to ensure that imported products meet domestic requirements, says this report featuring three case studies from the agri-food sector.
This study analyses the extent to which e-commerce provisions in existing regional trade agreements (RTAs) can be multilateralised, and proposes two broad approaches for doing so.
Technical standards, regulations and conformity assessment procedures contribute to efficient markets and serve legitimate public policy goals, but can also have an important, and sometimes detrimental influence on market access and export opportunities for businesses.
Metals and minerals such as copper, titanium and rare earths are used to produce high-tech and energy-efficient goods such as hybrid vehicles, computers and aircraft. This paper looks at the impacts of export restrictions often put on these raw materials.
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This paper discusses the economic impacts of the phase-out of the Multi-Fibre Arrangement (MFA), which was provided for under the 1994 Agreement on Textiles and Clothing (ATC).
Recent research at OECD provides new evidence that customs and administrative procedures have substantial effects on trade flows.
The studies in this volume review concerns that exporters and governments have raised about market access ...