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Agri-food sectors have seen an increasing use of contracts, which raises concerns such as market transparency and the role of government. This paper looks at the incentives behind this increase in contract use and identifies emerging policy issues.
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This study examines the extent and nature of informal cross-border trade in selected Sub-Saharan African countries and identifies which trade facilitation measures have the potential to encourage traders to switch from informal to formal trade.
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Significant regulatory reforms have taken place in the service sectors of Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Morocco over the last decade, but a broad range of restrictions still remain.
Six studies that examine how border bottlenecks affect trade and investment flows, how these bottlenecks might be reduced, and whether the expense involved is worth it.
Following the 105th Participants Meeting which took place on the 21st January 2009, the Participants to the Arrangement on Officially Supported Export Credits have agreed to some modifications to the rules of the Arrangement.
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Trade in services contributes to a broader services supplier base that supports competitiveness in high-technology and high-value added manufacturing.
Vessel decommissioning schemes allow governments to adjust fishing capacity to match available fish resources. This report presents best practice guidelines on the design and implementation of such schemes.
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The role of agricultural policies in addressing the development needs of poorer countries is high on the political agenda, for both structural reasons and as a result of recent market developments.
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The agricultural sectors of middle income countries are transforming rapidly, as part of the broader process of economic development. Much of the resulting adjustment pressure falls on less competitive smallholders.
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This report looks at the interface between public and private food standards in modern food chains, the role these standards play in contemporary food systems and how they interact in establishing incentives for food suppliers to provide high quality products to markets.